178 publications were found
1998 Georgia Plant Disease Loss Estimates
It is estimated that 1998 plant disease losses, including control costs, amounted to approximately $605 million. The value of the crops used in this estimate was $3.63 billion, this giving a 16.6 percent total disease loss across all crops included in this summary.
1999 Georgia Plant Disease Loss Estimates
It is estimated that 1999 plant disease losses, including control costs, amounted to approximately $580.25 million. The value of the crops used in this estimate was $4.124 billion, resulting in a 14.07 percent total disease loss across all crops included in this summary.
2000 Georgia Plant Disease Loss Estimates
It is estimated that 2000 plant disease losses, including control costs, amounted to approximately $572.34 million. The value of the crops used in this estimate was more than $4.376 billion, resulting in a 13.07 percent total disease loss across all crops included in this summary.
2001 Georgia Plant Disease Loss Estimates
It is estimated that 2001 plant disease losses, including control costs, amounted to approximately $587.107 million. The value of the crops used in this estimate was more than $4.799 billion, resulting in a 12.23 percent total disease loss across all crops included in this summary.
2002 Georgia Plant Disease Loss Estimates
It is estimated that 2002 plant disease losses, including control costs, amounted to approximately $576.65 million. The value of the crops used in this estimate was approximately $4.376 billion, resulting in a 13.18 percent total disease loss across all crops included in this summary.
2003 Georgia Plant Disease Loss Estimates
It is estimated that 2003 plant disease losses, including control costs, amounted to approximately $682.67 million. The value of the crops used in this estimate was approximately $5.399 billion, resulting in a 12.64 percent total disease loss across all crops included in this summary.
2005 Georgia Plant Disease Loss Estimates
It is estimated that 2005 plant disease losses, including control costs, amounted to approximately $537.44 million. The value of the crops used in this estimate was approximately $4377.6 million, resulting in a 12.28 percent total disease loss across all crops included in this summary.
2006 Georgia Plant Disease Loss Estimates
It is estimated that 2006 plant disease losses, including control costs, amounted to approximately $647.2 million. The value of the crops used in this estimate was approximately $4673.73 million, resulting in a 12.08 percent total disease loss across all crops included in this summary.
2007 Georgia Plant Disease Loss Estimates
It is estimated that 2007 plant disease losses, including control costs, amounted to approximately $539.74 million. The value of the crops used in this estimate was approximately $4815.02 million, resulting in an 11.03 percent total disease loss across all crops included in this summary.
2008 Georgia Plant Disease Loss Estimates
It is estimated that losses due to plant diseases in Georgia in 2008 amounted to $612.06 million. These losses include actual losses in yield and quality as well as costs of disease control measures. The value of these crops was approximately $4,846.05 million, which resulted in a 12.03% total disease loss for crops grown in 2008.
2009 Georgia Plant Disease Loss Estimates
It is estimated that 2009 plant disease losses, including control costs, amounted to approximately $653.06 million. The value of the crops used in this estimate was approximately $5887.33 million, resulting in an 11.09 total percent disease loss across all crops included in this summary.
2010 Georgia Plant Disease Loss Estimates
It is estimated that 2010 plant disease losses, including control costs, amounted to approximately $701.2 million. The value of the crops used in this estimate was approximately $4236.51 million, resulting in a 16.5 total percent disease loss across all crops included in this summary.
2011 Georgia Plant Disease Loss Estimates
It is estimated that 2011 plant disease losses, including control costs, amounted to approximately $823.4 million. The value of the crops used in this estimate was approximately $6285.1 million, resulting in a 13.1% total percent disease loss across all crops included in this summary.
2012 Georgia Plant Disease Loss Estimates
It is estimated that 2012 plant disease losses, including control costs, amounted to approximately $855.98 million. The value of the crops used in this estimate was approximately $6,647.83 million, resulting in a 12.9% total disease loss across all crops included in this summary.
Loss estimates for apple, blackberry, blueberry, bunch grape, corn, cotton, muscadine grape, ornamentals, peach, pean…
2012 Tobacco Research Report
This report contains the most recent results of tobacco programs at the University of Georgia.
2013 Georgia Plant Disease Loss Estimates
It is estimated that 2013 plant disease losses, including control costs, amounted to approximately $821.85 million. The value of the crops used in this estimate was approximately $6,551.91 million, resulting in a 12.55% total disease loss across all crops included in this summary.
Loss estimates for apple, blackberry, blueberry, bunch grape, corn, cotton, muscadine grape, ornamentals, peach, pean…
2013 Tobacco Research Report
This report contains the most recent results of tobacco research programs at the University of Georgia.
2014 Georgia Plant Disease Loss Estimates
This annual publication is compiled by the Department of Plant Pathology based on input from department Extension personnel.
2014 Tobacco Research Report
This report contains the most results of tobacco research programs at the University of Georgia in 2014.
2015 Georgia Plant Disease Loss Estimates
This publication includes a summary of the impact of plant disease on the major crops produced in Georgia. It's published annually by the Department of Plant Pathology and is compiled based on input from department Extension personnel.
2016 Georgia Plant Disease Loss Estimates
In 2016, Georgia’s plant disease losses, including control costs, amounted to an estimated $821 million. The value of the crops used in this estimate was approximately $6,596 million, resulting in a 12.8% relative disease loss across all crops included in this summary. The estimated values for most crops used to compute these disease losses are summarized in the UGA Center for Agribusiness and Eco…
2017 Georgia Plant Disease Loss Estimates
2017 plant disease losses, including control costs, amounted to an estimated $936 million. The value of the crops used in this estimate was approximately $6,634 million, resulting in a 14.1% relative disease loss across all crops included in this summary. The estimated values for most crops used to compute these disease losses are summarized in the 2017 Georgia Farm Gate Value Report (AR-18-01) pu…
2018 Georgia Plant Disease Loss Estimates
2018 plant disease losses, including control costs, amounted to an estimated $844 million. The value of the crops used in this estimate was approximately $6,268 million, resulting in a 13.5% relative disease loss across all crops included in this summary.
The estimated values for most crops used to compute these disease losses are summarized in the UGA Center for Agribusiness & Economic Developmen…
A Parent's Guide to the "Nitty-Gritty" about Head Lice
This guide for parents explains what to do -- and what not to do -- when a child gets head lice.
A School's Guide to the 'Nitty-Gritty' about Head Lice
This guide discusses how to prevent and treat head lice outbreaks in schools.
Abiotic Injuries and Disorders of Turfgrasses in Georgia
Turfgrass stands can be injured and damaged by biotic (living) and abiotic (non-living) agents. Most abiotic diseases cause generalized symptoms such as wilting, yellowing, thinning and the development of smaller than normal grass blades, limited root growth or slow growth. Based solely on symptoms, however, determining whether the condition is caused by a biotic or an abiotic agent can be challen…
Alternatives to Synthetic Herbicides for Weed Management in Container Nurseries
Weed management is one of the most critical and costly aspects for container nursery production. High irrigation and fertilization rates create a favorable environment for weed growth in addition to crop growth. Weeds can quickly out-compete the crop for light and other resources, reducing the rate and amount of crop growth as well as salability. Weed management in nursery production is most effec…
Annual Plant Diseases Clinic Summary - 2007
This report includes both physical samples submitted to the Plant Disease Clinics and results from analyses of digital samples submitted through the DDDI system in 2007.
Annual Ryegrass Control in Georgia Hayfields
Annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum), also referred to as Italian ryegrass, is the most problematic winter annual weed in Georgia hayfields. Seed germinates from September to November when soil temperatures drop below 70 degrees F. Seedlings mature in the fall, overwinter in a vegetative state, and resume active growth in the spring. Annual ryegrass is a prolific seed producer that contributes to …
Bacterial Leaf Scorch of Blueberry
A new disease has been identified in the Georgia blueberry production region. This disease has been named “bacterial leaf scorch." This publication includes identification and control methods.
Beneficial Insects, Spiders, and Mites in the Southeast
The purpose of this guide is to help users identify insects, spiders and mites that are beneficial to the garden. Such beneficials help manage pests that can damage plants. Tips to conserve and protect beneficials are also included.
Best Practices of Integrated Mosquito Management
This circular provides a basic summary of the best management practices of integrated mosquito management. These practices begin with education and communication and progress through surveillance, source reduction, larviciding, and adulticiding. The circular presents guidelines that communities can use to help develop the most effective mosquito management program possible with the resources avail…
Biology and Management of Carpenter Ants
Carpenter ants are so-called because of their habit of chewing wood to create nest sites. They do not eat wood, like termites, but they excavate it with their strong, saw-like jaws to create random galleries where they nest. Carpenter ants are also a nuisance because of their abundance and large size.
Biology and Management of Scale Insects in Ornamentals
Scale insects are common pests of landscape trees and shrubs that are often overlooked when scouting. Scales can be responsible for chlorosis, branch die-back, and ultimately, plant death. Scales are broadly categorized as either soft scales or armored scales. Soft scales produce a soft, cottony, powdery, or waxy substance that cannot be separated from the scale body. Common soft scales in Georgia…
Biology and Management of Stubby-Root Nematodes on Onion
Stubby-root nematodes, Paratrichodorus minor, are considered an important pest of onions in Georgia. Low to high population densities of this nematode were observed in multiple fields in the Vidalia area causing damage to sweet onions. The most obvious aboveground symptoms of stubby-root nematode nematode infection are poor, stunted growth of onion seedlings. Stubby-root nematodes have a wide host…
Biology and Management of Thrips Affecting the Production Nursery and Landscape
Thrips are tiny, cigar-shaped insects belonging to the order Thysanoptera, whose name refers to the fringed wings of insects in this order. About 5000 species of thrips are known, and many cause damage to cultivated plants by feeding or vectoring plant diseases. Some thrips are predatory. It is usually difficult to identify thrips species. Although they are winged, thrips are generally weak fliers…
Biology of Subterranean Termites in the Eastern United States
Subterranean termites are social insects that live in societies whose members are mostly mature individuals. Their colonies, which can contain thousands to millions of termites, are formidable, even though each individual termite is soft-bodied and delicate. This publication contains comprehensive information about subterranean termites in the Eastern U.S.
Blister Beetles in Georgia Alfalfa Hay
Blister beetles sometimes infest forage crops such as alfalfa, where they may become incorporated in hay. This publication discusses biology, cause of illness and management of blister beetles.
Blossom-End Rot and Calcium Nutrition of Pepper and Tomato
The purpose of this publication is to introduce the problem of blossom-end rot and provide a guide to effectively diagnose and treat this problem.
Calibration Method for Sprayers and Other Liquid Applicators
This publication discusses the proper calibration methods sprayers and other liquid applicators.
Cane Blight of Blackberry
Cane blight can be a major disease of blackberry in the Southeast, resulting in severe losses. The wet, humid conditions observed in Georgia and other southeastern states allow for significant losses following pruning or other injuries to the primocane.
Chemical Nematicides for Control of Plant-Parasitic Nematodes in Georgia Vegetable Crops
Soil fumigants alone or in combination with non-fumigant nematicides can provide vegetable growers effective and reliable control of plant-parasitic nematodes, profitable yield and product quality, and increased profits. Treating soil with fumigant nematicides has been very beneficial to vegetable growers in Georgia, but environmental concerns may restrict the broad usage of these products. Telone…
Chilli Thrips: Biology and Management in the Nursery
Chilli thrips, Scirtothrips dorsalis, is an invasive thrips species in the U.S. Currently, chilli thrips infest more than 150 crops worldwide, including strawberries, cotton, tea, citrus, and peppers, as well as many ornamental plants. The pest has become increasingly problematic in nurseries because of its wide host range, small size, and rapid reproduction and development. Chilli thrips quickly …
This publication discusses several methods for controlling chipmunks, including exclusion, trapping, poison, repellents, and shooting.
Commercial Pecan Spray Guide
This publication provides guidance for insect, disease, and weed control in commercial pecan orchards for 2021.
Common Landscape Diseases in Georgia
This publication describes some of the most troublesome diseases of Georgia's landscape plants. The following material will help you identify these diseases and offers recommendations for treatment. Knowledge about the common diseases of Georgia landscape plants will allow professional and amateur growers alike to better fight plant diseases and produce healthy plants.
Control of Lace Bugs on Ornamental Plants
Lace bug damage to the foliage of trees and shrubs detracts greatly from the plants' beauty, reduces the plants' ability to produce food, reduces the plants' vigor ad causes the plant to be more susceptible to damage by other insects, diseases or unfavorable weather conditions. Repeated, heavy infestations of lace bugs may be the primary cause of plant death.
Controlling Insects on Summer Squash in the Home Garden
Summer squash is one of the most popular warm season vegetables grown in home gardens. Unfortunately, the levels of insect attacks on summer squash have risen dramatically over the last 10 years. Safe and effective controls are needed to help produce this important crop with all of the pressures of insect pests. This publication will discuss both organic and non-organic solutions for homeowners to…
Controlling Lace Bugs on Ornamental Grasses
The grass lace bug, Leptodictya plana Heidemann (Hemiptera: Tingidae), has been recently reported as a pest of ornamental grasses in Georgia. It is closely related to, and resembles, the sugarcane lace bug, L. tabida (Herrich-Schaeffer). The lace bug thrives in warm, dry conditions, and the recent drought in the Southeastern U.S. may have contributed to the grass lace bug’s recent emergence as a s…
Controlling Moss and Algae in Turf
Occasionally, turfgrass areas begin to thin out and moss and algae start to form. These primitive plants develop because conditions for growing dense, healthy turf have declined. This publication gives you preventive practices and chemical suppression tips for controlling moss and algae in turf.
Cotton Production and the Boll Weevil in Georgia: History, Cost of Control, and Benefits of Eradication
The success of the Southeast Boll Weevil Eradication Program has played a major role in the recent revival of Georgia’s cotton industry. Along with these economic benefits, the remarkable success of the eradication program
has led to a significant decrease in insecticide use in Georgia cotton, and to substantial environmental benefits to growers and residents of the state.
Cowpea Curculio in Southern Pea
This publication describes ways to identify and manage cowpea curculio damage in Southern pea.
Deer-Tolerant Ornamental Plants
If deer are overabundant in your neighborhood, and deer herd reduction or management is not feasible, a good way to prevent deer browsing in landscapes is to plant ornamental plants that deer do not like to eat.
Diagnostic Guide to Common Home Orchard Diseases
This publication is intended to be used as a pictorial diagnostic guide to identify the most common diseases seen on fruits grown in home landscapes, gardens, and/or orchards in Georgia. Use this guide as a supplemental resource and/or reference to the Homeowner Edition of the Georgia Pest Management Handbook.
Diagnostics System for Crop History and Disorders in Greenhouses and Nurseries
This diagnostic system is designed as a tool to assist growers, Extension specialists and county agents to diagnose problems with ornamental crops. The document consists of six major sections and five appendices. Each section is designed to supply information on various important aspects of the crop under scrutiny.
Digital Photography for Horticulture Professionals Series: Part 3: Digital Image Applications in Crop Diagnostics
Digital photography can be readily applied in crop diagnostics. In documenting crop damages for example, growers may need to take a series of pictures to better illustrate the specific problem and provide sufficient information for diagnosis. Additionally, the higher the quality of the pictures, the higher the chances of accurate and rapid diagnosis of the problem. Proper contrast and color are es…
Diseases of Leyland Cypress in the Landscape
Leyland cypress has become one of the most widely used plants in commercial and residential landscapes across Georgia as a formal hedge, screen, buffer strip or wind barrier. Leyland cypress (x Cupressocyparis leylandii) is a graceful, rapidly growing evergreen tree that is adapted for growth within the 6-10a USDA hardiness zones. Leyland cypress is considered relatively pest-free; however, becaus…
Eclipta Identification and Control in Peanut
Eclipta is considered to be one of the world's worst weeds. This publication discusses the identification and control of eclipta in peanut.
Equine Parasite Control: Moving Beyond Rotational Deworming
Parasite resistance is an increasing problem in livestock species, including horses. Equine deworming practices have historically involved a six-week rotational deworming schedule. However, these practices have led to parasite resistance to many of our available dewormers. This publication addresses the current recommendations for deworming based on fecal egg counts, including why parasite resista…
European Gypsy Moth Update for Georgia and the Southeast
Currently, European gypsy moth is one of the top quarantine species in the United States. Thanks to the efforts of the U.S. Forest Service and other organizations, such as the Slow the Spread Foundation, the spread of European gypsy moth has slowed dramatically and has yet to become established in Georgia. However, residents and commercial landscape/nursery persons should continually monitor for t…
Fall Gardening: A Collection of Information and Resources
This publication is an annually-updated guide to fall gardening information and resources for Georgia. Topics include planting tall fescue lawns, soil bag flower beds, planting pansies like the pros, planting collards, turnips and cabbage, planting a home fruit orchard, mulching with leaves, gardening chores, cleaning and storing garden tools, treating for fire ants, and additional resources.
Fall Webworms: Biology and Management
The fall webworm, Hyphantria cunea (Drury) (Lepidoptera: Erebidae) is a polyphagous caterpillar pest of ornamentals and trees in Georgia. “Polyphagous” means that it can feed on many types of food, and the fall webworm is known to feed on more than 600 species of plants, including row crops, herbaceous plants, shrubs, fruit, and ornamental trees in orchards, nurseries, and landscapes. Fall webworm…
Fertilizer Injectors: Selection, Maintenance and Calibration
Fertilizer injectors are devices used to apply water-soluble fertilizers, pesticides, plant growth regulators, wetting agents and mineral acids during crop production. They are a vital part of modern greenhouse or nursery operations. Despite the advantages, many growers have had at least one experience with a compromised, damaged or even ruined crop where the cause was traced to a malfunctioning i…
Fireblight: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment
Fireblight is a destructive, highly infectious, and widespread disease. It attacks blossoms, leaves, shoots, branches, fruits, and roots. This publication has some facts and methods to avoid and control the disease.
Fresh Market Broccoli Production for Georgia
Broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. variety italica) is grown throughout Georgia in both the fall and spring growing seasons. A locally significant wholesale industry has developed in southwest Georgia in recent years, and acreage devoted to broccoli production has increased. The wholesale broccoli industry fills a market window in late fall, through winter, and into early spring. Plantings also occur …
Fusarium Wilt of Watermelon in Georgia
Watermelon production faces many challenges in Georgia. The warm, humid climate favors numerous foliar diseases. Because of the long history of watermelon production in Georgia, soilborne diseases such as Fusarium wilt also present challenges to growers. This bulletin will provide background on disease symptoms, pathogen survival and infection, pathogenic races, and management.
Georgia Corn Diagnostic Guide
The field is a complex environment with many factors that can interact to influence the growth of a corn plant. These factors can be living in the form of insects, diseases, nematodes and weeds; or, they can be non-living such as weather, nutrients or chemicals. In the proper combination of factors, corn can produce more than 200 bushels per acre in the Southeast; or in a totally unfavorable combi…
Georgia Pest Management Handbook — Commercial Edition
The Georgia Pest Management Handbook gives current information on selection, application and safe use of pest control chemicals. The handbook has recommendations for pest control on farms, around homes, urban areas, recreational areas, and other environments in which pests may occur. Cultural, biological, physical, and other types of control are recommended where appropriate.
Georgia Pest Management Handbook — Home and Garden Edition
The Georgia Pest Management Handbook gives current information on selection, application and safe use of pest control chemicals. The handbook has recommendations for pest control on farms, around homes, urban areas, recreational areas, and other environments in which pests may occur. Cultural, biological, physical, and other types of control are recommended where appropriate.
Granular Applicator Calibration Procedure
Applicators used in granular applications should be calibrated to ensure uniformity and accuracy. An accurate and uniform application can reduce the quantity of an active ingredient required for a given degree of control.
Granulate Ambrosia Beetle: Biology and Management
Granulate ambrosia beetle, Xylosandrus crassiusculus (Mot.), is a serious pest of woody trees and shrubs in Georgia. The insect was previously known as the Asian ambrosia beetle. These tiny beetles were first detected in South Carolina in the 1970s and have spread across the Eastern U.S. Woody ornamental nursery plants and fruit trees are commonly affected. In spring or even in late winter (around…
Grape Sour Rot
Although grape sour rot can occur in drier climates, the disease complex tends to be especially problematic during wine grape ripening in wet, humid regions. Browning and disintegrating berries and the aroma of vinegar (acetic acid) are a few symptoms that characterize grape sour rot. Sour rot ultimately results in crop yield reduction as damaged berries often “shatter,” or fall off the clusters. …
Guide for Interpreting Nematode Assay Results
This publication is designed to help county agents, Extension specialists and growers formulate and implement
nematode management recommendations after sending a soil sample and receiving a nematode assay report.
Home Garden Series: Disease Management in the Home Vegetable Garden
Plant diseases can be a significant problem in home gardens. Most vegetables are susceptible to a number of diseases. Home gardeners can reduce the occurrence of many diseases with sound cultural practices. This publication discusses managing diseases in the home vegetable garden.
Honey Bee Swarms and Bees in Walls
This circular is for property owners who have unwanted honey bee swarms on their lands or colonies nesting inside walls. It explains these natural processes and gives options for dealing with them.
Hophornbeam Copperleaf Identification and Control in Peanut
Hophornbeam copperleaf has become an increasing problem in agricultural fields throughout Georgia. It can occur at densities that have the potential to reduce yields and influence harvest efficiency. Hophornbeam copperleaf is also known as three-seeded mercury.
Horn Fly Control to Increase Productivity in Dairy Heifers
The implementation of horn fly control measures, such as aerosols, bait, strips, foggers, dust bags, traps, oilers, ear tags, pour-ons, natural predators, and insect growth regulators is instrumental in reducing the new infection rate, while existing mastitis cases can be eliminated with antibiotic therapy. Such management practices will promote animal health and well-being, enhancing producer pro…
How to Control Citrus Leafminers
Citrus leafminer (Phyllocnistis citrella) is found in Georgia and states along the Gulf of Mexico. Leafminer damage to foliage can stunt the growth of young trees and make trees more susceptible to citrus canker where the pathogen is present. Mature trees can better tolerate the damage although heavy infestations may reduce production. This publication discusses the identification, chemical contro…
How to Set Up a Post-Emergence Directed and Shielded Herbicide Sprayer for Cotton
Even with today's technology, it is critical that growers use directed herbicides in their cotton crop to improve coverage of weeds hiding under the cotton canopy. Precision applications maximizing spray coverage of weeds and minimizing spray contact with cotton, which can cause injury, is critical. Spray fender/cultivator and shield/hood sprayers are commonly used for precision, directed-spray ap…
Hunting Billbug: Biology and Management in Turfgrass
Hunting billbug, Sphenophorous venatus vestitus (Family: Curculionidae) is an important weevil pest of turfgrass in Georgia. It’s called a “billbug” because of its long snout, or bill, which has small mandibles at the tip. Hunting billbug infestations in turfgrass are not easily detected until the first signs of feeding damage, such as discoloration or irregular patches, appear scattered across th…
Identification and Control of Fusarium Head Blight (Scab) of Wheat in Georgia
Fusarium Head Blight (FHB), also called scab, is a devastating disease that is emerging in Georgia wheat fields. This publication contains important information on the biology of the causal agent, and conditions that favor the disease, detailed descriptions of the diseases symptoms, and the latest information on cultural, genetic, and chemical methods of control. The intended audience is producers…
Identification and Control of Leaf Rust of Wheat in Georgia
Wheat leaf rust, caused by the fungus Puccinia triticina (formerly known as Puccinia recondita f. sp. tritici), is often a destructive foliar disease of wheat in the state of Georgia. Rust fungi in wheat are highly specialized pathogens with narrow host ranges. This circular provides information on symptoms and control of leaf rust for wheat growers in Georgia.
Identification and Control of Powdery Mildew of Wheat in Georgia
Powdery mildew, caused by Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici (syn. Erysiphe graminis) is an obligate, host specific fungus that attacks wheat exclusively. The pathogen reduces photosynthesis and increases respiration and transpiration rates in host leaves. Colonized plants lose vigor, impairing heading and grain filling. Heavily colonized leaves can be killed prematurely. This circular provides info…
Initial Steps for Detecting Plant-Parasitic Nematode Problems in Vegetables
Detection of damaging nematode infestations may allow growers to significantly increase crop productivity and profitability. It is imperative that growers test their soil to determine which nematode species are present in their fields as well as their population densities. The best way to detect and identify nematode problems is through collecting soil and/or plant samples and having those samples…
Insect Identification Guide for Southeastern Landscapes
This publication contains photos and descriptions to help identify pests in Southeastern landscapes. Beneficial and pest insects are both included. NOTE: This publication is designed with tabs and cutouts that are not necessarily apparent when printed on a home printer.
Insect Pests of Non-bearing Pecan Trees
As Georgia's pecan production acreage has increased, reports of insect pests that attack younger, less established trees have also increased, particularly infestations by pecan bud moth and ambrosia beetles. This circular summarizes the pertinent insect pests that attack young, non-bearing pecan trees, including key details on their biology, injury, monitoring, and management. This information sho…
Insecticide Resistance Management for Diamondback Moth in Cole Crops
The diamondback moth is a common pest of crops including cabbage, collards, turnip greens, mustard greens, broccoli, cauliflower and other leafy greens.
This insect has a long history of becoming resistant to insecticides beginning with DDT in 1953. Since then, DBM has become resistant to each new class of insecticide arriving to the market whenever those insecticides were used intensively and re…
Japanese Maple Scale: A Nursery and Landscape Pest
The Japanese maple scale (JMS), Lopholeucaspis japonica Cockerell, is an insect pest of Japanese maples and several other ornamental tree species. This insect sucks out plant juices using its piercing and sucking mouthparts. Because JMS, similar to other armored scales, does not directly feed on the phloem vessels of the host tree, the insect does not ingest excessive amounts of sugars to excrete …
Johnsongrass Control in Pastures, Roadsides, and Noncropland Areas
Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense) is a warm-season perennial weed in pastures and roadsides throughout central and northern Georgia. Populations may germinate from seed in spring after overwintering in the soil. However, Johnsongrass primarily emerges from dormant rhizomes in areas with a history of infestations. Rhizomes are belowground stems that produce daughter plants and storage reserves for n…
Key to Diseases of Oaks in the Landscape
This publication contains a guide to diseases of oak trees in the landscape.
Landscape Basics: Crop Rotation and Cultural Practices Help Reduce Diseases in Seasonal Color Beds
Landscape professionals must consider many factors when choosing the right flowering annuals to plant for a particular location. Primary considerations include high visual impact, consistent bloom for color, foliage for texture and color, sun exposure, growth habit and low-water tolerance. Cost plays an important role as well. Many landscapers typically choose common annual ornamentals and tropica…
Leafspot Diagnosis and Management in Bermudagrass Forages
Bermudagrass leafspot is a disease that decreases yields, nutritive value and palatability. This publication discusses leafspot diagnosis and management in bermudagrass.
Management of Pest Insects In and Around the Home
This publication is a guide to more than 75 common pest insects found in and around the home, including prevention and treatment options.
Management Recommendations for Spotted Wing Drosophila in Organic Berry Crops
Managing Bermudagrass Stem Maggots
This publication summarizes the latest and most relevant information regarding the management of the bermudagrass stem maggot (BSM), including biological, cultural, physical and chemical mitigation strategies. In addition to information about how to control the pest, this bulletin provides detailed information about the history, identification, and biology of the bermudagrass stem maggot.
Managing Imported Fire Ants in Urban Areas
Imported fire ants interfere with outdoor activities and harm wildlife throughout the southern U.S. Ant mounds are unsightly and may reduce land values. Although fire ants do prey on flea larvae, chinch bugs, cockroach eggs, ticks and other pests, the problems they cause usually outweigh any benefits in urban areas. While it is not possible to eradicate this species, controlling fire ants is highl…
Managing Mastitis in Dairy Heifers to Improve Overall Herd Health
Prevalence of mastitis in unbred, breeding-age and pregnant dairy heifers is higher than formerly realized. Infected
mammary quarters, especially those with Staph. aureus IMI, exhibit reduced mammary gland secretory
potential, marked leukocyte infiltration and the accompanying inflammation. Both nonlactating and lactating
commercial antibiotic infusion products have been used successfully to cu…
Managing Root-Knot Nematodes in Georgia Watermelons
Root-knot nematodes are highly adaptable, obligate plant parasites (parasites that cannot reach adulthood without a host) that attack plant roots and establish a prolonged relationship with their hosts. There are three common species of root-knot nematodes known to parasitize watermelon in the U.S.: the southern root-knot, M. incognita, the peanut root-knot, M. arenaria, and the Javanese root-knot…
Millipedes and Centipedes
Millipedes and centipedes do not carry diseases that affect people, animals or plants. Millipedes do occasionally damage seedlings by feeding on stems and leaves, and may enter homes in large numbers during periods of migration and become a considerable nuisance. They do not cause damage inside the home, although they may leave a stain if they are crushed. Centipedes, which have poison glands and …
Mite Management in Turfgrass
Plant-feeding mites can cause serious damage in turfgrass systems, and drought-stressed turfgrass is particularly prone to mite infestation. Mites are generally active in turfgrasses from spring into fall. They feed on plant sap and, in some cases, also inject toxins into plant tissues or manipulate plant growth, thereby producing characteristic symptoms. Some mites do not directly damage the turf…
Mite Vector of Rose Rosette Virus
Rose rosette virus vectored by eriophyid mites can cause major problems for nurseries, landscapers, and gardeners alike. The spread of this mite and virus can cause serious damage to plants, decreasing profits for nurseries and landscapers. The virus causes the plants to become undesirable and will eventually result in the death of the plant, which affects all segments of the rose industry as well…
Mole Crickets in Turf
Mole crickets are serious pests of Georgia turf. Estimates of mole cricket losses in commercial, recreational and residential sod now exceed $20 million annually. Weather and soil conditions in Georgia’s Coastal Plain region are ideal for mole crickets, and damage continues to increase.
Mosquito Biology and Behavior
This circular provides concise and accurate information describing mosquito biology and behavior.The publication describes the history of mosquitoes in Georgia and ways to prevent mosquito-borne diseases. Mosquitoes affect a large segment of the public, and mosquito control is most efficiently conducted in an integrated manner. This information will help homeowners address mosquito problems on the…
Mouse Ear of Pecan
Mouse ear of pecan is a growth abnormality resulting from a deficiency of nickel in the pecan tree. Only recently, the discovery was made that mouse ear indicates a severe nickel deficiency. The disorder occurs most frequently on newly transplanted trees in established orchards, but can also occur on sites where pecan has not previously been grown.
Natural History Series: Copperhead
This publication discusses general aspects of the copperhead snake.
Natural History Series: Nine-Banded Armadillo
Scientists classify armadillos with anteaters and sloths. They have poorly developed teeth and limited mobility. Armadillos are considered both an exotic species and a pest.
This publication summarizes the effect that high nitrates have on the animal, presents the conditions to expect in toxic concentrations of nitrates, and outlines strategies that could prevent or reduce the risk of nitrate toxicity.
Novel Endophyte-Infected Tall Fescue
This publication outlines plant persistence and animal performance characteristics of novel endophyte-infected tall fescue and provides recommended pasture renovation practices.
Nutritional and Metabolic Disorders of Southeastern Beef Cattle
In the Southeastern U.S., beef cattle producers focus on forage management and maximizing the grazing season. To that end, Southeastern cattle spend the vast majority of their lives either grazing or consuming stored forage. Cereal grains and coproduct feeds are also commonly used nutritional supplements for cattle in times of elevated nutrient requirement. Any disease or disorder in the beef herd…
Orange Felt (Orange Cane Blotch) of Blackberry
The orange felt (also known as orange cane blotch) disease of blackberry is prevalent in the south. Where ideal environmental conditions occur, this disease may girdle canes or exacerbate other cane diseases, causing subsequent decline and death.
This publication contains comprehensive information about air blast and weed control sprayers for orchards.
Peanut Response to Dicamba
The objective of this publication is to provide county agents, peanut growers, crop consultants, agri-business personnel, etc. with information that can assist them in making appropriate management decisions after a suspected dicamba drift/volatilization or sprayer contamination problem has occurred.
Peanut Response to Grazon® P+D
Grazon® P+D (picloram + 2,4-D) injury, diagnosed as leaf roll, is occasionally observed in Georgia peanut fields due to the presence of contaminated soil, forage, animal waste (manure/urine), and/or irrigation water. Since peanut plants are very tolerant of low levels of 2,4-D, the primary cause of these leaf roll symptoms is picloram. When this injury occurs, growers are often concerned about how…
Peanut Response to Liberty
Liberty® (glufosinate-ammonium) has become a popular postemergence herbicide in Georgia due to its ability to control herbicide-resistant Palmer amaranth when applied in a timely manner. However, the popularity of Liberty®-resistant cultivars (e.g., Liberty-Link® and WideStrike®) has led to an increased potential for off-target movement and sprayer contamination of Liberty® to sensitive crops suc…
Peanut Yield Response to 2,4-D in Georgia
This publication provides growers, county agents, crop consultants, etc. with information regarding peanut yield response to 2,4-D injury.
Pesticide Storage and Mixing Facilities
Most cases of groundwater contamination by agricultural chemicals have been caused by improper storage or mixing and loading chemicals. For this reason, agricultural chemical storage and handling practices have been targeted by federal and state legislation across the United States. To satisfy the proposed regulations, dealers and applicators are encouraged to construct safe chemical storage and m…
Plum Curculio: An Incessant Pest of Peaches
Plum curculio, Conotrachelus nenuphar (Herbst), is a key insect pest of peaches in the Southeast region of the United States. It is a snout beetle native to North America and is found east of the Rocky Mountains in the U.S. and Canada. Plum curculio drives the insect pest management program for Georgia peach producers. This circular covers the biology, damage, and current management recommendation…
Poisonous Plants in the Landscape
While most of us are familiar with common poisonous plants that cause
dermatitis (skin irritations) such as poison ivy or poison oak, we fail to
recognize common ornamental plants in the landscape that may cause internal
poisoning when ingested. Although most adults would not intentionally eat the leaves
or fruit of ornamental plants in the landscape, young children or pets sometimes do.
Protect Yourself from Ticks
This publication discusses how to protect yourself and the areas around your home from ticks. It also includes information on common tick-borne diseases, such as Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever and Lyme disease.
Red-Headed Flea Beetle: An Ornamental Nursery Pest
The red-headed flea beetle (RHFB), Systena frontalis (F.) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) is a serious insect pest in ornamental nurseries. It is also referred to as the “cranberry flea beetle” in cranberry and blueberry systems in the Northern U.S. The adult RHFB causes serious feeding damage to the foliage of a variety of woody and herbaceous container plants in nurseries (Figures 3 and 4). As the n…
Reducing Aflatoxin in Corn During Harvest and Storage
Aflatoxin is a naturally occurring toxin produced by the fungus Aspergillus flavus. The fungus can be recognized by a gray-green or yellow-green mold growing on corn kernels in the field or in storage. Plant stress due to drought, heat or insect damage during fungus growth usually increases aflatoxin levels. Aflatoxin contamination will reduce feeding value and hinder sales. Because it is extremel…
Regulations for On-Farm Storage Tanks in Georgia
This publication provides a brief overview of the major regulatory agencies and highlights the rules that Georgia farmers should be aware of concerning storage tanks on their farms.
Repellents and Wildlife Damage Control
Every year, wildlife causes millions of dollars of damage in Georgia. Losses may be economic (like damage to crops) or aesthetic (for example, damage to landscapes or golf courses) and can range from physical damage to vehicles or equipment to public health issues like water pollution and disease transfer to humans, pets or livestock. However, not everyone needs to undertake a wildlife damage cont…
Resolving Human-Nuisance Wildlife Conflicts
When wildlife populate a place where they are unwanted or cause damage to valuable plants or structures, they become a nuisance. This publication discusses some basic principles for dealing humanely with nuisance wildlife.
Rhodesgrass Mealybug: Biology and Management
The rhodesgrass mealybug, Antonina graminis, is an invasive insect native to Asia. First found in the U.S. in Texas in 1942, the rhodesgrass mealybug has since spread to all states on the Gulf of Mexico as well as Georgia, South Carolina, New Mexico, Arizona, and California. Rhodesgrass mealybugs can infest more than 100 grass species (family Gramineae) including all warm-season grasses commonly u…
Sampling and Managing Whiteflies in Georgia Cotton
Whiteflies are common and recurrent insect pests of cotton in Georgia. The severity of whitefly damage varies from year to year based on the size of the pest population. The most abundant species of whitefly found infesting cotton in Georgia is Bemisia tabaci, commonly known as the silverleaf whitefly (SLWF) or sweet potato whitefly. Another species, bandedwinged whitefly (Trialeurodes abutiloneus…
San Jose Scale: A Pernicious and Persistent Pest of Peaches
San Jose scale, Comstockaspis perniciosus (Comstock), is a pest of peaches, nectarines, plums, and other tree fruits including apples, pears, and cherries. San Jose scale is considered a secondary pest in many regions of the country, but in the Southeast U.S., it has been one of the most common and most destructive pests to the peach industry since the early 2000s.
Sod Webworms: Biology and Management in Turfgrass
Sod webworms are a serious pest of turfgrass in Georgia. There is limited information available to the green industry and the public about the general biology, ecology, and management of this pest. This publication includes photos of sod webworms, their life cycle, and management options so that landscape industry professionals and homeowners can learn about the pest sufficiently to manage it.
Sorghum Insect Pests and Their Management
Insect pests can be a major limiting factor in grain sorghum production in Georgia. Growers must be prepared to scout and prevent injury from insects in sorghum. However, a proper insect pest management program will minimize losses to insects and ensure appropriate insecticide use. This publication provides information on the biology and management of sorghum pests.
Southeastern Peach, Nectarine, and Plum Pest Management and Culture Guide
This guide covers multiple states and production areas. Pest problems vary across the Southeast. Pesticide rates are a guideline. Exceptions are noted for specific locations and pests, but this guide does not list every exception. Listed pesticides may not be registered for the uses recommended here in all states.
This guide is to be used only by commercial growers. Observe all label precautions…
Southern Chinch Bug: Biology and Management in Turfgrass
The southern chinch bug, Blissus insularis Barber, is a serious insect pest of turfgrass, especially St. Augustinegrass, in Georgia. Bermudagrass, centipedegrass, and zoysiagrass are also attacked by southern chinch bug. They feed on grass using their piercing and sucking mouthparts. Affected turfgrass can form yellow to brown patches that are sometimes mistaken as indicators of disease or drought…
Soybean Aphid Establishment in Georgia
The soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura, has become a major new invasive pest species in North America. The presence of soybean aphids in Georgia represents a new state record for this invasive soybean pest that is being regulated through USDA/APHIS personnel.
Spanish Series: Control de Bermuda en Céspedes Residenciales del Sudeste de los EEUU
La bermuda es una planta perenne de estación cálida ampliamente utilizada para su uso como césped en el sudeste de los Estados Unidos.
[Although improved common (Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.) and hybrid bermudagrasses (Cynodon dactylon x C. transvaalensis Burtt-Davy) have desirable qualities as turfgrasses for heat, drought and wear tolerance, bermudagrass is a problematic weed when grown in mixed…
Spanish Series: Daños Abioticos y Anomalias de Céspedes en Georgia
Los céspedes pueden ser atacados por agentes bióticos (vivientes) y abióticos (no-vivientes). Los agentes bióticos incluyen patógenos (hongos, bacterias, virus, citoplasma etc) y plagas como nematodos, insectos, ácaros, moluscos y vertebrados (roedores, pájaros etc.). Los factores abióticos incluyen: condiciones climáticas como las temperaturas extremas, el exceso o deficiencia de agua, luz o nutr…
Spanish Series: Enfermedad “Mal del Pie” en Céspedes de Clima Cálido: Identificación y Control
El mal del pie es una enfermedad destrcutiva en la region central, sur y costera de Georgia. EL mal del pie afecta todos los cespedes de clima calido en Georgia pero es mas severo en el cesped San Agustin (Stenotaphrum secundatum). La publicacion contiene informacion importante en la biologia del gente causal, descripcion detallada de los sintomas de la enfermedad (con fotografias de alta definici…
Spanish Series: Enfermedades de Céspedes: Guia de Referencia Rapida
Agente causal, céspedes susceptibles,condiciones que promueven la enfermedad, síntomas y control de mancha parda, mancha dólar, quemazón por Pythium, mancha foliar por Helminthosporium, marchitamiento por Curvularia, mancha foliar gris, anillo de hada, enfermedad toma-todo o pudrición radicular por Gaeumannomyces, roya, hongos gelatinosos y nematodos.
[Causal agent, susceptible turfgrasses, cond…
Spanish Series: Enfermedades de los Céspedes en Georgia: Identificación y Control
Esta publicación es una guía completa para la identificación y control de enfermedades de los céspedes en Georgia. Enfermedades incluyen: mancha "dólar"; anillos de hada; pudrición radicular "toma-todo"; Mancha parda/Mancha larga por Rhizoctonia Royas; Mancha foliar o decaimiento por Curvularia; quemazón o mancha foliar gris; antracnosis; hongos gelatinosos; y pudrición radicular por Pythium/quema…
Spanish Series: Enfermedades Más Comunes de Plantas Ornamentales en Georgia
Esta publicación describe algunas de las enfermedades más problemáticas en las plantas de ornato más usadas en el jardín. El material presentado aquí le ayudará a identificar estas enfermedades y encontrará las recomendaciones para su tratamiento. El conocimiento de estas enfermedades permitirá a los jardineros profesionales y amateurs a combatir estas enfermedades y tener plantas saludables y bel…
Spanish Series: Identificación y Control de la Mancha Larga de Céspedes Causada por Rhizoctonia en Georgia
La mancha larga causada por Rhizoctonia es una de las enfermedades mas comunes y severas de cespedes de clima calido en georgia y en los Estados Unidos. La publicacion contiene informacion importante en la biologia del gente causal, descripcion detallada de los sintomas de la enfermedad (con fotografias de alta definicion), informacion relevante y reciente en las condiciones que favorecen la enfer…
Spanish Series: Identificación y Control de Lespedeza en Céspedes
La lespedeza común (Kummerowia striata (Thunb.) Schind syn. Lespedeza striata) es una leguminosa anual de verano sin organización en sus ramificaciones, que es una maleza problemática en céspedes de jardines residenciales así como en otras áreas de césped.
[Common lespedeza (Kummerowia striata (Thunb.) Schind syn. Lespedeza striata) is a freely branched, summer annual legume that is a problematic…
Spanish Series: La Biología de Termitas Subterráneas del Este de los Estados Unidos
Las termitas subterráneas son los insectos sociales que viven en una sociedad en donde la mayoría de los miembros son insectos inmaduros o juveniles. Sus colonias pueden incluir de miles a millones de termitas, y a pesar de tener un cuerpo-suave, frágil y delicado son insectos formidables. En la naturaleza, las termitas subterráneas están estrechamente asociadas con el hábitat o entorno del suelo …
Spanish Series: Mancha Dólar de Cespedes en Georgia: Identificacion y Control
Mancha dólar es una enfermedad omnipresent en cespedes de clima calido y frio en el estado de Georgia. La publicacion contiene informacion importante en la biologia del gente causal, descripcion detallada de los sintomas de la enfermedad (con fotografias de alta definicion), informacion relevante y reciente en las condiciones que favorecen la enfermedad, asi como los metodos de control cultural, g…
Spanish Series: Tizón de Fuego de las Rosáceas: Síntomas, Causas y Tratamiento
El tizón de fuego de las rosáceas es una enfermedad destructiva, altamente infecciosa y que ocurre en muchas partes del país y es causada por la bacteria Erwinia amylovora. El tizón de fuego es particularmente prevalente en algunos condados de Georgia. La enfermedad puede atacar los botones florales, las hojas, los meristemos apicales, ramas, frutos y las raíces.
[Fireblight is a destructive, hig…
Sprayer Nozzle Selection
Nozzle selection is one of the most important decisions to be made related to pesticide applications. The type of nozzle affects not only the amount of spray applied to a particular area, but also the uniformity of the applied spray, the coverage obtained on the sprayed surfaces, and the amount of drift that can occur. Each nozzle type has specific characteristics and capabilities and is designed …
Stinging and Biting Pests
This publication contains descriptions and images, as well as methods of control, for common stinging and biting pests found in Georgia, including: bees, wasps, hornets, fire ants, scorpions, caterpillars, spiders, chiggers and flies.
Stored Product Pests in the Home
Several dozen insect species infest food and non-food products of plant and animal origin commonly found in homes. Collectively, this group of insects is referred to as stored product pests. Most are small beetles or moths. For homeowners, often the first sign of a stored product pest infestation is the sudden, unexplained and then persistent presence of numerous insects in a particular area of th…
Stripe Rust (Yellow Rust) of Wheat
Stripe rust is an emerging disease in the state of Georgia. Evidence of increased aggressiveness of the disease has been reported recently. Rusts are the most economically important group of wheat diseases. More than $5 billion is lost to cereal rusts worldwide each year.
Tea Scale: Biology and Management in the Nursery and Landscape
The tea scale, Fiorinia theae (Hemiptera: Diaspididae), is a serious economic pest of several ornamental plants in nurseries and landscapes in Georgia, including camellias and hollies. Tea scales are armored scales that cause chlorosis (yellowing) of the leaf tissue, and under severe infestations, they can cause plant death. These pests undergo multiple overlapping generations per year and are ver…
Termite Control Services: Information for the Georgia Property Owner
Though subterranean termites are a normal component of soil around buildings, structural infestations are not necessarily inevitable. As discussed later, a home's susceptibility to termite infestation is dependent upon a number of things, including construction type, home maintenance, landscaping, and perhaps conditions in and around the structure that favor the activity, growth and survival of lo…
The Biology and Ecology of Palmer Amaranth: Implications for Control
Palmer amaranth is a highly competitive weed of field corn, cotton, peanut and soybean and has been confirmed to be resistant to glyphosate in nearly every agronomic county in Georgia. Glyphosate-resistant (GR) Palmer amaranth's establishment and spread has been assisted by its rapid growth rate, extensive rooting structure, high seed production, physical seed movement (man, animal, water) and by …
The Intersection of Mosquito Management and Pollinator Protection
Mosquitoes can transmit a wide variety of pathogens and significantly reduce our quality of life with their aggressive biting behavior. Pollinators, and honey bees in particular, are a critical part of our natural environment, contributing significantly to food production and ecological diversity. Unfortunately, these two groups of insects often have overlapping habitats. As a result, proponents o…
Top 10 Nursery Production Integrated Pest Management Practices in the Southeast
Integrated pest management (IPM) is a sustainable approach to managing pests by combining biological, cultural, physical and chemical tools in a way that minimizes economic, health and environmental risks. One hundred and seventy-eight horticultural producers were surveyed in 2009-10 to determine the IPM practices used by growers in the southeastern U.S. Growers were asked a series of questions ab…
Trap Cropping for Small-Market Vegetable Growers
Trap crops are sacrificial plants that can draw damaging insects away from valuable crops. Small-market growers, as well as homeowners, are experiencing greater pressure to produce quality vegetables due to increasing insect activity. There is also concern among both growers and the public about environmental sensitivity. This publication introduces the effective and environmentally friendly use o…
Tropic Croton Identification and Control in Cotton and Peanut
This publication discusses tropic croton identification and control in cotton and peanut.
Troubleshooting Vegetable Production Problems in the Southeast
This publication is designed for small market growers, homeowners and Master Gardeners in order to be a quick reference guide for diagnosing common problems in vegetables.
Turfgrass Diseases in Georgia: Identification and Control
This publication is a comprehensive guide to identifying and controlling turfgrass diseases in Georgia.
Turfgrass Diseases: Quick Reference Guide
Causal agent, susceptible turfgrasses, conditions promoting disease, symptoms and control of brown patch, dollar spot, Pythium, Helminthosporium leaf spot, fading out, gray leaf spot, fairy ring, take-all root rot, rust, slime mold and nematodes.
Turfgrass Pest Control Recommendations for Professionals
This publication includes recommendations and current guidelines for turfgrass pest control methods and materials in Georgia, as well as a turfgrass management calendar.
Two-Lined Spittlebug: Biology and Management in Turfgrass
The two-lined spittlebug is an important insect pest of turfgrass in Georgia. It attacks all turfgrass species, but centipedegrass is the most susceptible to spittlebug infestation. It also attacks some ornamental plants, including asters, hollies, and morning glories. The two-lined spittlebug injects toxins into the turfgrass, and the affected grass blades turn yellow and then brown or purple. Th…
UGA Programs for Controlling Glyphosate-Resistant Palmer Amaranth in 2019 Cotton
Cotton weed control has become dynamic and complex with the greatest challenges being 1) mitigating off-target herbicide movement, and 2) minimizing the development of more herbicide resistance. This circular is designed to assist with improved economically-sound management programs, minimize cotton injury, and make on-target pesticide applications.
UGA Programs for Controlling Ryegrass and Wild Radish in 2020-21 Wheat
Ryegrass threatens Georgia wheat production as herbicide resistance has become very problematic. Aggressive resistant management programs must be implemented; ignoring this warning will ensure resistance that threatens long-term sustainability of grain production.
Wild radish is the most problematic broadleaf weed infesting Georgia wheat. Wild radish seed pods often contaminate harvested grain, t…
UGA Weed Control Programs for Broccoli, Cabbage, and Cauliflower 2017
When it comes to growing commercial broccoli, cabbage, and cauliflower, crop rotation, tillage, and a sound herbicide program are all often critical components for long-term success. This circular focuses on developing sound herbicide programs for cole crops while minimizing crop injury for the following production systems: 1) transplanting into mulch, 2) transplanting into bare ground, and 3) see…
UGA Weed Control Programs for Sweet Potato in 2018
Crop rotation, tillage, and a sound herbicide program are all critical components for long-term success growing sweet potatoes. This circular focuses on developing sound herbicide programs while minimizing crop injury for transplant production systems. A new indemnified label for Dual Magnum has greatly improved weed control options, and growers must have these labels in hand at the time of applic…
UGA Weed Control Programs for Watermelon in 2017
When it comes to growing commercial watermelons, crop rotation, tillage, and a sound herbicide program are all often critical components for long-term success. This circular focuses on developing sound herbicide programs while minimizing crop injury when 1) transplanting into small-bed flat mulch, 2) transplanting into bareground, and 3) seeding into bareground. Large raised-bed mulch production i…
University of Georgia Herbicide Programs for Tropical Spiderwort (Benghal Dayflower) Control in 2013 Cotton
Tropical spiderwort is a noxious, exotic, invasive weed that has spread quickly and has become a serious pest in many Georgia agricultural production areas. The increase in prevalence of tropical spiderwort may be attributed in part to (1) adoption of weed management programs that lack residual herbicides and (2) adoption of reduced-tillage production systems.
Urban Entomology Pest Series: Argentine Ants
Argentine ant infestations are often more common during uncommonly hot, dry summers. Warm temperatures accelerate and promote colony growth, and may lead to larger than normal ant populations.
Urban Entomology Pest Series: Carpenter Ants
Carpenter ants are perhaps the largest of the pest ants likely to be encountered by homeowners and pest management professionals. This publication has several measures to help prevent problems with carpenter ants.
Urban Entomology Pest Series: Identifying the Formosan Subterranean Termite
Although rare, Formosan subterranean termite infestations have been found in Georgia. Formosan termites are not native to the U.S. They are commonly spread by movement of infested railroad crossties used in the construction of retaining walls and other landscape features.
Urban Entomology Pest Series: Managing Tawny Crazy Ants: Guidelines for the Pest Management Professional
Tawny crazy ants (TCA), or Nylanderia fulva [Mayr], are one of a number of pest ant species that have been accidentally introduced to the U.S. mainland from abroad (Figure 1). The establishment and subsequent expansion of TCA have proven to be a major nuisance to property owners, disrupting ecological balance by outcompeting native ant species, negatively affecting various arthropod and vertebrate…
Urban Entomology Pest Series: The Tawny Crazy Ant, Nylanderia fulva, in Georgia
The Tawny crazy ant is a highly invasive species from South America. It was introduced into port cities in Florida and Texas. It was detected in Albany, GA, in August 2013 and in Camden and Glynn counties in Georgia in August 2014. The ant somewhat resembles the invasive Argentine ant. This circular is meant to help homeowners and pest management professionals identify the Tawny crazy ant and diff…
Vegetable Fumigant Systems for Plasticulture in Georgia
Effective alternatives to methyl bromide exist, but selecting the ideal fumigant, mulch, and herbicide program is challenging. Growers must better understand how soil texture, moisture, bed compaction, and cultural practices influence fumigant activity, planting intervals, and off-gassing concerns. This circular is provided to assist growers with developing the most effective fumigant system for t…
Virginia Buttonweed Identification and Control in Turfgrass
This publication discusses ways to identify and control Virginia buttonweed, a troublesome broadleaf weed in turfgrasses throughout the Southeast.
Visual Reference Guide to Common Predators and Pests in Georgia Cotton
This quick reference guide provides an overview of common pests and predator groups and their sizes, habitat preferences, and timing in cotton fields. This visual guide is intended to help facilitate future scouting and provide information on common predatory arthropods in Georgia cotton systems. When growing cotton, scouting for key pests and beneficials is critical to making informed and cost ef…
White Grub Pests of Turfgrass
White grubs are the larvae of scarab beetles. All are C-shaped, white to dirty white in color, with a brownish head and legs.
Whitefly-Transmitted Plant Viruses in South Georgia
The silverleaf whitefly (SLWF), Bemisia tabaci, (also known as sweet potato whitefly) is a pest of a wide variety of horticultural and agronomic crops in southern Georgia. Adults and nymphs (Figure 1) have piercing-sucking mouthparts and feed on phloem, the transport tissue of plants, and remove plant sap. While this direct feeding can damage plants and lead to additional problems with the accumul…
Wildlife Management Series: Evaluating Attractants for Live-Trapping Nine-Banded Armadillos
Foraging armadillos often uproot ornamental plants. Their rooting also destroys gardens, lawns and flower beds. Their burrowing can damage tree roots and building foundations. Most armadillo damage is caused by their feeding habits.
Wildlife Management Series: Using Milorganite to Repel White-Tailed Deer from Perennials
White-tailed deer provide aesthetic and economic value, but deer can cause a variety of negative economic impacts. Deer can damage personal property, agronomic crops, landscape plantings, and food plots, and they serve as a host for diseases common to livestock and humans.
Wildlife Management Series: Using Milorganite to Temporarily Repel White-Tailed Deer from Food Plots
Food plots provide supplemental forage to wildlife during periods when native vegetation is less abundant or lacks nutritional quality. Because deer often prefer fertilized food plot plants to naturally available plants, over-browsing can damage food plots before they become sufficiently established.