Georgia was the first colony to produce cotton commercially, first planting it near Savannah in 1734. In 1793 school teacher Eli Whitney invented and patented the cotton gin. The first major textile mill was built in 1811 near Washington, Ga. Cotton was an ingredient in the first light bulb, the telegraph, the Wright brothers' plane, and the first automobile tires.

Georgia ranks third nationally in cotton production and acres planted, and UGA Extension continues to aid in the growth of cotton production. Cotton-related professions provide 53,000 jobs in the state of Georgia, and cotton's overall impact exceeds $3 billion.

Our Programs and Services


UGA-affiliated sites

UGA Georgia Cotton News Information about Georgia cotton including newsletters, breaking news, and relevant links.

Sustainable Agriculture at UGA Brings together information on sustainable agriculture including crop rotation, cover crops, and other resources.

Impact Statements: Cotton Descriptions of Extension efforts to improve knowledge and practices related to cotton.

Institute of Plant Breeding, Genetics and Genomics IPBGG faculty actively engage in training of graduate students, the development of new crop varieties, and basic research on the genetics and understanding of crop traits important to agriculture and human kind.

UGA Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics Learn more about the agricultural and applied economics department at the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.

UGA Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Learn more about the crop and soil sciences department at the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.

External sites

Georgia Cotton Commission GCC site featuring annual meeting information, guest speaker profiles, state statistics, cotton lint and seed facts, educational resources, and related links.

We're Here To Help Contact your local UGA Extension office to find out how our team of county agents can assist you.
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UGA Georgia Cotton News This site shares information from the UGA Cotton Team to keep Georgia cotton stakeholders informed about changes in production practices and policy changes.
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  • Farm Tour UGA President Jere W. Morehead and Agriculture Commissioner of Georgia Gary Black participated in southeast Georgia agriculture tour. Published: 10/02/19
  • Cotton Defoliation UGA Extension agronomist recommends three ways for cotton farmers to determine whether their crop is ready to defoliate. Published: 08/29/19
  • Field Day Annual field day will take place at two research farms on the UGA Tifton campus. Published: 08/21/19
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Top Cotton Producers
County Name Value
Coffee $57,324,638
Dooly 40,731,624
Worth 32,202,040
Colquitt 30,107,246
Bulloch 28,072,044
Brooks 26,405,518
Screven 22,703,840
Thomas 22,147,920
Terrell 20,916,000
Crisp 20,289,815
State Total: $774,500,161

Displaying farm gate values for 2018. Values are tallied in October for the previous year.