Since the earliest days of U.S. history, hemp has been an important crop in American agriculture. The crop was grown mainly for fiber, but with the introduction of the cotton gin, the industry became practically nonexistent by the 1950s.
The Controlled Substances Act of 1970 made production so strongly regulated that the industry all but disappeared. The 2018 Farm Bill once again made hemp production federally legal in the U.S. Today there are three main segments of hemp production: fiber, seed and oil.
Beginning in the summer of 2019, experts in the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences began variety testing in research production trials and developing economic models to help Georgia farmers make sound production decisions.
- A Preview of Industrial Hemp for Flower Production in Georgia
- The Hemp Regulatory Environment: A Brief History and Outline of Current U.S. and Georgia Regulations
- Externalities with Establishing Hemp Production/Processing