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Agriculture

Overview

With a contribution of more than $65 billion annually to Georgia's $786.5 billion economy, agriculture is the main driver of the state's economic engine. The 2009 total Farm Gate Value for the state was $11,256,734,510.

Agriculture is also a primary source of employment for Georgians, with one in seven in the state working in agriculture, forestry or related fields. In 2007 there were 47,846 farms in Georgia encompassing 10,150,539 acres of land with an average size of 212 acres per farm.

From the north Georgia mountains through the rolling Piedmont, to the sandy coastal plains and the coastal marshes, the state's geography and climate provide perfect conditions for a variety of agricultural pursuits.

Georgia farmers produce more peanuts, pecans and watermelon than any other state. Georgia also leads the nation in broilers and value of egg production. Vidalia onions, grown only in Georgia, are recognized and appreciated as some of the sweetest, best tasting onions in the world.

In Georgia, agriculture isn't just a way to make a living. It's a way of life, too. UGA Extension helps preserve that way of life with information for producers and consumers of Georgia's agricultural products. Topics in this section include:

  • Ag Stats & Agencies
    Includes statistics and facts demonstrating the impact of agriculture in Georgia, as well as listings of state and national agricultural agencies.
  • Animals
    Information and resources related to poultry, horses, beef and dairy cattle, swine, sheep and goats, bees, and aquaculture in Georgia.
  • Field Crops
    Canola, cotton, grains, peanuts, soybeans, and tobacco resources and management practices.
  • Forestry
    Resources related to forestry and forest management in Georgia.
  • Fruits & Vegetables
    Guidelines for growing and using apples, beans, blackberries, blueberries, citrus, corn, grapes, greens, onions, peaches, pecans, potatoes, squash, strawberries, tomatoes, and a variety of other fruits and vegetables grown in Georgia.
  • Organic Agriculture
    Information about organic farming practices and training programs.
  • Pests
    Pests and diseases of animals, plants, and humans are discussed here.
  • Running Your Business
    Resources for the commercial food producers, farmers, and ornamental horticultue and landscape professionals. Includes information about regulations, policies, marketing, and business best practices.
  • Sustainable Agriculture
    Details about low-impact, land-friendly commodity production.
  • Urban Agriculture
    Information related to gardening in non-rural areas, including links to centers and training opportunities.

Publications

Featured Publications

Improving Dairy Heifer Reproductive Management (C 914)
This brief management guideline provides producers with specific management tactics that may minimize the potential for short- and long-term problems. These tactics, categorized in order of early, advanced, and severe drought stages, are based on specific characteristics including water loss, forage growth, and rainfall.

Drought-Related Cattle Feeding Problems (SB 51)
Drought does not develop overnight but progressively over time. Proper management during a drought period can make or break a producer's ability to stay in the cattle business. One main concern during a drought period is feeding and nutrition of the cow herd. Several problems could arise due to drought conditions. A good producer should stay alert for warning signs and avoid potentially damaging situations.

Websites

UGA-affiliated sites

  • College of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences
    Research, teaching, and Extension programs related to agriculture and environmental sciences. UGA Extension is staffed, supported, and receives much of its content and expertise from this college.
  • College of Family & Consumer Sciences
    Academic, Extension, and outreach programs related to family and consumer sciences. FACS provides significant support, research, staffing, and content to UGA Extension.

External sites

  • American Farm Bureau
    Independent, non-governmental, voluntary organization governed by and representing farm and ranch families united for the purpose of analyzing their problems and formulating action to achieve educational improvement, economic opportunity and social advancement and, thereby, to promote the national well-being.
  • Economic Research Service
    USDA research program to inform public and private decision making on economic and policy issues involving food, farming, natural resources, and rural development.
  • Georgia Department of Agriculture
    Promotes agriculture and consumer interests in Georgia.
  • National Agriculture Statistics Service
    USDA website provides timely, accurate, and useful statistics in service to U.S. agriculture.