Georgia was the first colony to produce cotton commercially, first planting it near Savannah in 1734. In 1793 school teacher Eli Whitney invented and patented the cotton gin. The first major textile mill was built in 1811 near Washington, Ga. Cotton was an ingredient in the first light bulb, the telegraph, the Wright brothers' plane, and the first automobile tires.

Georgia ranks third nationally in cotton production and acres planted, and UGA Extension continues to aid in the growth of cotton production. Cotton-related professions provide 53,000 jobs in the state of Georgia, and cotton's overall impact exceeds $3 billion.

Our Programs and Services


UGA-affiliated sites

UGA Georgia Cotton News Information about Georgia cotton including newsletters, breaking news, and relevant links.

Impact Statements: Cotton Descriptions of Extension efforts to improve knowledge and practices related to cotton.

Institute of Plant Breeding, Genetics and Genomics IPBGG faculty actively engage in training of graduate students, the development of new crop varieties, and basic research on the genetics and understanding of crop traits important to agriculture and human kind.

UGA Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics Learn more about the agricultural and applied economics department at the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.

UGA Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Learn more about the crop and soil sciences department at the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.

External sites

Georgia Cotton Commission GCC site featuring annual meeting information, guest speaker profiles, state statistics, cotton lint and seed facts, educational resources, and related links.

We're Here To Help Contact your local UGA Extension office to find out how our team of county agents can assist you.
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UGA Georgia Cotton News This site shares information from the UGA Cotton Team to keep Georgia cotton stakeholders informed about changes in production practices and policy changes.
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  • Herbicide Resistance Glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth has already cost Georgia's cotton industry more than $1.2 billion since it was first discovered in 2003. Published: 02/07/19
  • Cotton Crop Between 5 and 10 percent of cotton crop estimated left to be harvested from last year's growing season. Published: 01/24/19
  • Using Pesticides Wisely In 2017, there were no reported cases of pesticide drift complaints in Georgia. Published: 12/06/18
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Top Cotton Producers
County Name Value
Dooly $45,026,888
Worth 40,328,280
Mitchell 36,374,184
Colquitt 33,240,092
Bulloch 33,180,880
Early 26,881,039
Brooks 26,351,222
Coffee 25,437,726
Thomas 24,693,600
Irwin 24,038,978
State Total: $901,546,722

Displaying farm gate values for 2017. Values are tallied in October for the previous year.