Family & Consumer Sciences
Family & Consumer Science Staff
Christa Anderson Campbell
Family and Consumer Sciences
County Extension Agent
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Child Care Online Learning
UGA has a new way to complete needed hours for Child Care Centers and workers! We are quite pleased to announce that courses are now available online. This new service will allow care givers to complete courses at a convenient time for the individual. We truly believe that this will be a beneficial resource for all care givers in our community. The website is very easy to use, go to bit.ly/HealthyEnvtsChildCareGA . Create an account and get started.
The new online program for classes will be a great way to earn your needed hours. If you have any questions please contact Trisha Willis or Christa Campbell at the Elbert County Extension office at 706-283-2037. We would be glad to help.
Radon is a colorless, tasteless and odorless gas that can cause lung cancer. It occurs naturally and is released into the soil, easily entering buildings through the foundation. The only way to know if you have radon is to test.
Tips on how to make environmentally-conscious decisions and live green!
Make healthy food and lifestyle choices on a budget. This series of eight, interactive lessons includes activities and recipe demonstrations.
UGA Extension provides entity-approved training to help child care providers meet state licensing requirements. Check the calendar for training events near you.
Establishing, maintaining, and protecting Your Good Credit can save you thousands of dollars over time. This series will teach you the basics of credit reports and scores.
Sorting Out Tomato Canning Directions
By Christa Campbell
Just as the varieties of tomatoes in the markets keep changing and increasing in number, it is important to remember we have variety in the directions for canning tomatoes.
Home canned tomatoes may be prepared in a ready-to-use crushed format or left whole or halved. But the latter choices can be processed in a variety of ways, also. Whole or Halved Tomatoes may be canned with water to cover, in tomato juice, or with no added liquid. The crushed tomatoes are a hot pack only, while the no- added-liquid version of canned tomatoes is a raw pack only. It is very important to use a canning process time that matches up with the preparation directions for filling your jars.
Here is a summary of the variety in tomato canning directions that USDA and the University of Georgia Extension have to offer as the only safe alternatives:
*CRUSHED TOMATOES, a hot-pack-only version of cooked quartered tomatoes.
*WHOLE OR HALVED TOMATOES, with boiling water or tomato juice to cover, with raw or hot pack versions available.
*WHOLE OR HALVED TOMATOES, with no added liquid, raw pack only. Tomatoes are pushed tightly into the jars to create juice as the jar fills.
*TOMATO JUICE and TOMATO-VEGETABLE JUICE BLEND, as hot packs only.
*TOMATO SAUCE, hot pack only.
Tomato products offer many more options for home canning of tomatoes: spaghetti sauce, with or without meat, ketchups, tomato and vegetable blends, etc.
No matter how you choose to can your tomatoes, all steps in preparing and cooking the foods still need to be followed for the process time(s) printed with them. The process times are very different for tomatoes packed in water compared to tomato juice or without added liquid. For many of these tomato products, there are canning options for both boiling water and pressure canning available in our directions.
In the case of these tomato products with both options, the pressure processing still requires acidification in these products. The pressure options only provide the same amount of heat to the product as the boiling water processes. Just because pressure is used to decrease the process time, the canning process is not the same as one to destroy spores of Clostridium botulinum as you would expect for low acid foods.
Tomatoes are borderline in pH between acid and low acid foods, so the USDA (and University of Georgia) preparation directions for these products call for acidification to allow a less severe heat treatment than would be required without it. To ensure safe acidity in whole, crushed, or juiced tomatoes, add two tablespoons of bottled lemon juice or 1/2 teaspoon of citric acid per quart of tomatoes. For pints, use one tablespoon bottled lemon juice or 1/4 teaspoon citric acid. Acid can be added directly to the jars before filling with product; in fact, this is recommended to be sure you get the acid in each and every jar. Sugar may be added to offset an acid taste, if desired, but the acid cannot be decreased to taste. (Four tablespoons of a 5 percent acidity vinegar per quart may be used instead of lemon juice or citric acid. However, vinegar may cause undesirable flavor changes.)
Canning your tomatoes does not have to be too complicated, if you simply use reliable, research-based printed directions for preparing and processing your food. The University of Georgia Extension has recommended directions for canning tomatoes and tomato products on our website, www.homefoodpreservation.net, the website of the National Center for Home Food Preservation. Christa Campbell, the Family & Consumer Sciences Agent, at the Elbert County Extension office can assist with recommended canning processes. The 6th edition So Easy to Preserve book is available for purchase at the Elbert County Extension Office for $18. The 388-page book covers topics on Preserving Food, Canning, Pickled Products, Sweet Spreads and Syrups, Freezing and Drying. There are 10 new products and two revised product recommendations in this edition. It's suitable for both new and veteran food preservers.