UGA Extension Office

Agriculture & Natural Resources

Latest News Article from ANR 

Brian Maddy, Retired County Extension Agent

Fall Garden Ramblings

Fall is upon us already and we need to be doing preventive maintenance in our gardens. We are blessed by our southern climate. Folks further north are done with their gardens and landscapes and only await the cold wind and snows of winter.  We have the opportunity to grow a cool season crops such as radishes, spinach and onions. For those who have decided to put their vegetable garden to rest there are some things that can be done now that will help have a productive garden next year.

Many insects and diseases can overwinter in the garden. Properly disposing of old plants in the compost pile can head some of this off. Raking up leave debris from under the fruit trees will help as well.  Rotary tilling the soil in the fall can also help disrupt the life cycle of insects that overwinter in the soil.  If you have plenty of compost, this may be a good time to incorporate into the soil but don’t leave the soil bare. Rotary tilling gives the gardener the opportunity to improve the soil by planting cover crops.

Planting legumes such as crimson clover, Yuchi clover, hairy vetch or winter peas can add nitrogen to the soil as well as organic matter from their roots and tops. Legume roots have a symbiotic relationship with bacteria on their roots, which have the ability to fix nitrogen from the air to nitrogen that can be utilized by plants. Planting cereal rye can also be planted as a cover crop. Besides adding much organic matter to the soil, it also has an allelopathic effect on weeds. Cereal rye produces compounds that suppress weeds. You can also plant legumes with the cereal rye and get the best of both worlds. By planting cover crops you can suppress weeds, add organic matter to the soil and prevent soil erosion.

If you notice dead branches in your boxwoods, junipers and other plants now is the time to prune the dead wood. Dispose of the dead wood by burning or sealing it in a trash bag. Sterilize your pruners between shrubs so you don’t spread any disease. Winter injury, Phytophthora root disease and Volutella blight have caused a lot of dieback in boxwoods. Shake out the dead leaves and rake up the debris and dispose of properly.

Stay away from any “weed and feed” products for warm season grasses such as Bermuda, zoysia and centipede. The high nitrogen content of these products causes new growth, which can be subject to winter injury. They are designed for cool season grasses such as tall fescue. The warm season grasses need to build up root reserves for the winter rather than new growth that can be cold damaged.

You can apply pre-emergent herbicides to control winter annuals during September and October. Read the label carefully to make sure it’s safe for your lawn and it controls the weeds you have identified.

After your final mowing and use of your other gasoline powered tools it’s time to winterize them as well. Leaving untreated gas in the carburetor will cause it to volatilize and leave gum deposits behind which will cause difficult starting next spring.

There are two things you can do. Drain as much gas out of the tank as you can and run the tool until tit stops. The carburetor will be empty at this point. The second alternative is to purchase a gas treatment, which will prevent the gasoline from deteriorating and causing the gum buildup.

It will work in both two-cycle and four-cycle engines. Follow the directions on the container.  Don’t forget to mulch around those plants who might not be too winter hardy. It will help protect against a cold winter and those drought spells as well.

Next spring you should be off to pretty good start if you implement some of these suggestions.


Brian Maddy is the retired ANR Agent for Troup County Extension. The Troup County Extension office is located at144 Sam Walker Drive, LaGrange, GA. 30240 (706) 883-1675. Monday - Friday/8:00 AM – 12 noon and from 1:00 PM - 5:00pm.

What’s going on in Extension?

·        Beekeepers Meeting: Monday, August 17th at the Extension Office at 7 PM.

·        TCCA Meeting: Tuesday, September 18th. Topic:  USDA Programs, Rory Richardson is the guest speaker. Dinner begins at 7 PM. Dinner is at 7 PM, cost $6.00, call ahead and the program begins at 7:30 PM at the Ag Center.

·        Market on Main: Every Saturday Morning from 8 AM to 10 PM just off the square. Come by and enjoy the pick of the day.

If you have any questions or concerns, stop by or call the office.



• The Troup County Cattleman’s Association meets on the 3rd Tues of each month except for July at 7 PM at the Ag Center on 21 Vulcan Materials Road. Dinner is served at 7 PM.

• The Troup County Association of Beekeepers meets the 3rd Monday of each month at 7 PM at the Ag Center on 21 Vulcan Materials Road.

• The Troup County Master Gardener Extension Volunteers meet the 2nd Thursday of each month at the Ag Center on 21 Vulcan Materials Road.

Testing Services

  • Soil Samples- $9.00
  • Organic Matter Test - $13.00 
  • Boron Test - $15.00 
  • Soluble Salts Test - $15.00 
  • Nitrate Test - $15.00
  • Water Samples- $23.00 
  • Lead Test (Pb) (sensitive to 2 ppb) - $43.00
  • GA Extended Water Test (required for water treatment design)- $63 (W1-Basic, W-3 Anions, W11-Soluble Salts, & W18-Alkalinity) Need 1 pint 
  • Real Estate Test (required for new homes with existing well) - $88.00 (Lead, Nitrate ,Nitrite, Total Coliform /E.Coli) Need 1 quart
  • pH only Test - $7.00 
  • Cyanide Test - $53.00

There are no upcoming events at this time.

Market on Main, LaGrange - Market on Main is a joint venture with the Downtown Development Commission and the Troup County Extension Service. It’s comprised of two local markets that came together to form one larger market and is currently located in the Carmike Cinema Parking lot just south of the theater. The market opens at 8:00 PM and closes at 10:00 AM. Fresh vegetables, homemade items such as cakes, canned goods, jellies, bread, soap and plants can be purchased. We do not sell flea market items. Contact Barbie Watts of the Downtown Development Commission at or 706.881.2772 for further information.

Harvest Sale - The Annual Ruban Harvest Street Sale began in 1956 by local county organizers. The main purpose of the harvest sale is to attract customers to buy merchandise from local merchants. The items must be grown or processed or made by the sellers. Usually, merchandise is available on the date that it normally could not be found any other time of the year. Items such as fresh vegetables, fruits, pumpkins, jams and jellies, baked goods, apple cider, sorghum syrup, honey, canned products, live chickens and crafts of all kinds are on hand for sale. In the beginning several ladies frequently attended the sale dressed in quaint costumes in style from their parents and grandparents era. This was often interesting to younger children to see the fads and fashions of yesteryear. Since, the costumes have all vanished with the changing of time, but the harvest sale is continuing to remain a viable and most enjoyable event of the extension service. The Annual Ruban Harvest Street Sale is now called the October Harvest Fest held every year in October from 8:00am until 12:00 noon.

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Extension Publications
Your Household Water Quality: Odors in Your Water (C 1016) Homeowners sometimes experience unpleasant odors in their household water. In many cases, the exact cause of the odor is difficult to determine by water testing; however, this publication provides a few general recommendations for treating some common causes of household water odors.
Native Plants for Georgia Part I: Trees, Shrubs and Woody Vines (B 987) This publication focuses on native trees, shrubs and woody vines for Georgia. It is not our intent to describe all native species — just those available in the nursery trade and those that the authors feel have potential for nursery production and landscape use. Rare or endangered species are not described. Information on each plant is provided according to the following categories: Common Name(s)/Botanical Name/Family, Characteristics, Landscape Uses, Size, Zones and Habitat.
Conversion Tables, Formulas and Suggested Guidelines for Horticultural Use (B 931) Pesticide and fertilizer recommendations are often made on a pounds per acre and tons per acre basis. While these may be applicable to field production of many crops, orchardists, nurserymen and greenhouse operators often must convert these recommendations to smaller areas, such as row feet, square feet, or even per tree or per pot. Thus pints, cups, ounces, tablespoons and teaspoons are the common units of measure. The conversion is frequently complicated by metric units of measure. This publication is designed to aid growers in making these calculations and conversions, and also provides other data useful in the management, planning and operation of horticultural enterprises.
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Below are some of UGA Extension's most broadly useful resources for those involved in agriculture on the farm, in schools, and around the home.

Production Agriculture:
Statewide Variety Testing Which varieties should you plant? The variety testing team does the work and research for farmers.
UGA Weather Network Reliable weather information for agricultural and environmental applications, including soil temperature, rainfall, wind speed, and more.
Pesticide Safety Education Everything you need to achieve certification and maintain the knowledge to safely and effectively make use of restricted-use and all other types of pesticides.
Sustainable Agriculture A collection of resources for those interested in production and marketing practices that are profitable, environmentally sound, and that improve the quality of life for farmers, farm workers, and the community.
Ag Budgets and Economics Resources for production economics, farm management, marketing, situation and outlook, risk management, financial management, farm policy, labor, and taxation.
Farmgate Value Report Annual county-level reports documenting the value of all food and fiber commodities grown in the state.
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Home & Garden:
Soil Testing Ensure that your soil is productive! Get your soil tested to determine the amount and kind of nutrients that should be added for the best growth.
Pest Management Recommendations for pest control around homes, on pets, in the home garden, and more.
Household Water Quality Water quality has an immediate and a prolonged effect on the health of your household. This publication series contains basic information about home water quality and treatment.
Home Garden Publication Series Topics include garden planning, soil preparation, weed control, pollination, disease and insect control, harvesting, and preserving.
Georgia Green Industry Professional Development The UGA Center for Urban Agriculture offers professional training and certifications for the Georgia Certified Landscape Professional, Georgia Certified Plant Professional exam and Super Crew employee training series.
Community and School Gardens This Community and School Gardens blog is designed to help community and school gardeners succeed by connecting them to UGA Extension and other research-based resources.
Lesson Plans and Teacher Resources Whether you'd like to help protect the environment, teach your students how to avoid chronic diseases with healthy food and physical activity, or train food handlers in your cafeteria, University of Georgia Extension can help.