6000 Weights and Processed Yields of Fruits and Vegetables | UGA Cooperative Extension
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This information prepared by former Extension horticulturists S.C. Myers and Paul Colditz. Released by Darbie Granberry and Terry Kelley, Extension horticulturists. Reviewed by Bob Westerfield, Extension horticulturist.

Retail or direct marketing at farmer's markets, roadside markets, stands and pick-your-own farms is an important and growing method of marketing fresh fruits and vegetables in Georgia. However, many of the containers used in the wholesale trade are not practical for direct marketing to consumers who desire fruits and vegetables in small quantities. The retail marketer has the option of selling his product in small volume containers or by count when scales are unavailable.

Containers available for retail marketing come in a wide range of sizes and materials. Some of the more common retail containers are presented in Table 1.

Common Retail Containers

Table 1.
Common Name Material Common size(s)
Baskets wood 1/4, 1/2 and peck; 1/2 and 1 bushel
Boxes, Cartons and Hampers corrugated paper, often waved, or wood from 1/2 peck to 1 bushel
Bags paper and polyethylene, often with handles 1/4 peck to 1/2 bushel
Kraft paper bags Grocery bag - 2/3 bushel
No. 20 bag - 8 quarts
No. 10 bag - 7 quarts
No. 8 bag - 4 quarts
No. 2 bag - 1 quart
Trays corrugated paper 6 to 8 quarts (10 to 15 pounds)
Fruit and Vegetable Baskets corrugated paper with handles 2 to 8 quarts
Fruit Tills or Cups pulp, cardboard, plastic, corrugated paper or wood 1/2 pint to 4 quarts

Under specific fruit and vegetable crops, retail containers are compared with the more common containers (bushels, lugs, etc.) that are used in the wholesale trade (tables 2 and 3). In addition, weights and approximate yields for canning and freezing of fruits and vegetables in some of the common retail containers are presented for use in retail marketing. Because processed yields can vary so much based on size of produce and processing method, consider the indicated yields to be approximate values.

Weights and Approximate Processed Yields for Fruits

Table 2.
Product Retail Volume Net Weight (lbs) Processed yield
Apples bushel (bu) 42 to 48 1 bushel = 15 to 18 qt. canned applesauce
1/2 bushel bag 24 1 bushel = 30 to 36 qt. frozen applesauce
1 bushel = 10 to 12 qt. juice
peck 10 to 14 1 peck (32 med. apples) = 4 qt. canned
1 1/4 to 1 1/2 lb. fresh = 1 pt. frozen
2 to 3 lb. fresh = 1 qt. canned
1 cup pared, sliced = 1/4 lb.
Blackberries 6-qt. tray 10 to 12 1 1/2 to 3 lb. = 1 qt. canned
gallon 5 to 6
quart 1 1/4 to 1 1/2
Blueberries 6-qt. tray 9 to 12 2 1/4 to 3 lb. = 1 qt. canned
1 pt. fresh = 1 pt. frozen
1 cup = 1/3 lb.
1 cup = 1/3 lb.
gallon 6 to 8
quart 1 1/2 to 2
pint 3/4 to 1
Cherries lug 15 to 16 2 to 2 1/2 lb. = 1 qt. canned, unpitted
1 pt. = 1 pt. frozen, unpitted
1 cup = 1/3 lb.
quart 1 1/2 to 1 3/4
pint 1 1/4 to 1 1/2
Grapes
(with stems)
bushel 44 to 50 1 bu = 16 qt. of juice
1 cup (whole, stemmed) = 1/3 lb.
lug 24 to 28
2-qt. basket 2 1/2 to 3
Peaches bushel 48 to 52 1 bu = 18 to 24 qt. canned
2 to 2 1/2 lb. = 1 qt. canned
1 to 1 1/2 lb. = 1 pt. frozen
1 cup = 2/5 lb.
1/2 bushel bag 24
lug 19 to 22
peck 12 to 14
Pears bushel 48 to 50 1 bu = 20 to 25 qt. canned
2 to 2 1/3 lb. = 1 qt. canned
1 to 1 1/2 lb. = 1 pt. frozen
1 cup pared, sliced = 2/5 lb.
lug 21 to 24
peck 12 to 14
Plums bushel 50 to 56 1 bu = 24 to 30 qt. canned
2 to 2 1/2 lb. = 1 qt. canned
1 cup halves = 1/3 lb.
peck 13 to 15
Raspberries 6 - qt. tray 8 to 10 1 cup = 1/3 lb.
3 - qt. tray 4
quart 1 1/4 to 1 1/2
pint 3/4
Strawberries quart 1 1/4 to 1 1/2 1 lb. = 1 pt. frozen
4-qt. basket 6
6-qt. basket 10 to 12
8-qt. basket 12 to 15
8-qt. flat 12
24-qt. crate 36

Weights and Approximate Processe 0017 d Yields for Vegetables 5FF4

Table 3.
Product Retail Volume Net Weight* (lbs) Processed Yield Comments
Asparagus bushel (bu) 24 1 to 1 1/2 lb. = 1 pt. frozen
3 to 4 lb. = 1 qt. canned
often sold in bunches weighing 1 1/2 to 2 lb. each
pyramid crate 32
Beans, Lima bushel 30 1 bu = 12 to 16 pt. frozen
3 to 5 lb. = 1 qt. canned
peck 8 to 9
Beans, Snap bushel 28 to 30 1 bu = 30 to 45 pt. frozen
1 1/2 to 2 1/2 lb. = 1 qt. canned
1 bu = about 15-16 qt. canned
peck 8
Beets bushel, topped 52 1 bu = 35 to 42 pt. frozen
2 to 3 1/2 lb. = 1 qt. canned
often sold in 2 lb. bunches with leaves
Broccoli bushel 23 to 25 1 bu = 10 to 12 qt. canned
1 lb. = 1 pt. frozen
usually sold by the head or bunch weighing 1 to 1 1/2 lb.
Brussels Sprouts carton, loose pack 25 1 qt. = 1 1/2 pt. frozen
quart 1 1/2
Cabbage flat crate 53 to 60 3 lb. = 1 qt. canned sauerkraut
1 lb. = 2 cups cooked
1 lb. = 4 cups shredded
often sold by the head, varying in size with variety and tightness of head, usually 2 to 6 lb.
carton 53
Carrots bushel, topped 50 1 bu = 32 to 40 pt. frozen
2 to 3 lb. = 1 qt. canned
often sold in 1 lb. bunch with tops
carton packed 2 dozen bunches of 1 lb. each 23 to 27
Cauliflower carton of 12 to 16 trimmed 18 to 24 2 med. heads = 3 pt. frozen, or 1 1/2 qt. canned usually sold as 1 to 1 1/2 lb. heads
Collards Sold by doz. bunches, 3 plants per bunch from N. Ga., 5-7 plants S. Ga. from direct seeded crop 3/4 - 1 lb. = 1 pt. markets desire bunches to weigh 4 lb.
Corn, Sweet bushel 35 60 ears = 14 to 17 pt. frozen
1 doz. ears = 1 to 1 1/2 qt. canned
usually sold by doz. which weigh 6 to 8 lb. in husk
wirebound crates 42 to 50
Cucumbers bushel 48 to 50 1 bu = 24 qt. of dill pickles sometimes sold by count
peck 12 to 13
Eggplants bushel 33 to 35 sometimes sold by count
Greens bushel 18 to 20 1 to 1 1/2 lb. = 1 pt. frozen mustard, spinach, and turnip often sold in 1 to 1 1/2 lb. Bunches or bag
Kale bushel 18 1 bu = 6 to 9 qt. canned, 12 to 18 pt. frozen also sold in 1 to 1 1/2 lb. bunches
Muskmelons bushel 48 usually sold by count; vary widely in size by variety, 3 to 6 lb. each
Okra tall bushel hamper 26 to 30 1 bu = 17 qt. canned
34 to 40 pt. frozen
12 qt. basket 15 to 18
Onions dry, sack 50
bunch, green - 48 bunches 15 to 18
Peas, English
green (unshelled)
bushel 28 to 30 1 bu = 12 to 15 pt. frozen
3 to 6 lb. = 1 qt. canned
peck 7 to 8
Peas, Southern bushel hamper 25 3 1/2 - 4 = 1 qt.
Peas, Edible Pod peck 8 to 10
quart 1 to 1 1/2
Peppers, Green Hot bushel 25 to 30 2/3 2/3 lb. = pt. frozen Green (often sold by count) large peppers, 80-85 per bu; small peppers, 110 per bu
cartons 16 to 25
Potatoes, Irish
(mature)
sack 100 1 bu = 20 qt. canned
bushel 60
peck 15
Potatoes (new) No. 10 bag 10
Pumpkins pie pumpkins each 5 to 15 3 to 4 lb. = 1 qt. canned sold by count
Jack o'lantern each 15 to 40
Radishes carton of 30 6 oz. film bags 12 also sold in bunches of 1/2 to 3/4 lb.
Rhubarb bunch 2 to 2 1/2 1 lb. cooked = 3/4 cup
Rutabaga bushel basket 56 1 lb. = 2 2/3 cups diced usually sold by count
peck 15
Squash, Summer bushel 40 to 44 1 bu = 32 to 40 pt. frozen
2 to 4 lb. = 1 qt. canned
zucchini, crookneck, Patty Pan, etc.
8 qt. basket 10
Squash, Winter small each 1 to 4 3 lb. = 2 pt. frozen
2 1/2 to 3 lb. = 1 qt. canned
usually sold by count and may be graded by size such as Acorn, Butternut, Buttercup
intermediate each 6 to 12 such as Delicious, Golden Hubbard, Banana
large each 15 to 40 such as Blue Hubbard, Jumbo Banana
Sweet Potatoes bushel (cured) 50 2/3 lb. = 1 pt. frozen
2 to 3 lb. = 1 qt. canned
peck 12 to 13
Tomatoes bushel 53 2 1/2 to 3 1/2 lb. = 1 qt. canned
1 bu = 15 to 20 qt. canned
paperboard box 25
8 qt. or peck basket 12 to 15
Turnips
(without tops)
mesh bag or bushel 50 to 56 1 lb. = 2 2/3 cups diced wash - tie 6-8 turnips per bunch - roots to be 2-3" in diameter
peck 12 to 15
turnips bunched with tops. Sold by dozen in paperboard box. 18 dozen
Watermelons paperboard box 4 melons usually sold by count
*Net weight per container may vary slightly due to variation in product size. Net weight should not be less than the least stated weight listed.

Volumes and Conversions

Bushel 8 gallons (dry)
32 quarts (dry)
64 pints (dry)
4 pecks
2,150 cubic inches
Peck 1/4 bushel
8 quarts (dry)
538 cubic inches
Lug shallow containers, usually wood, that come in any size
Gallon 4 quarts
231 cubic inches
Quart 32 fluid ounces
58 cubic inches
Kilo (or kilogram) 2.205 pounds
Liter 1.057 quarts (liquid)

Acknowledgments and Selected References

The authors wish to acknowledge the following sources and references, certain tables from which were adapted for use in this publication.

  • Conversion Factors and Weights and Measures for Agricultural Commodities and Their Products. Production and Marketing Administration, USDA, 96p.
  • Magoon, C.E. Container Net Weights. United Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Association, Alexandria VA. 1976.
  • Sabota, C.M. and J.W. Courter. Net Weights and Processed Yields of Fruits and Vegetables in Common Retail Units. Cooperative Extension Service, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Status and Revision History
Published on Aug 01, 1999
Unpublished/Removed on Feb 24, 2009
Published on Mar 12, 2010
Published with Full Review on Jan 04, 2014
Published with Full Review on Aug 01, 2017

Faculty
Tim Coolong Associate Professor; Areas of Interest: Vegetables, Horticulture Bob Westerfield Senior Public Service Associate; Areas of Interest: Consumer fruits and vegetables, Horticulture
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