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Landscape Plants for Georgia (B 625)

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James T. Midcap, Department of Horticulture
College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences
Neal Weatherly, Jr.
School of Environmental Design
Revised by Matthew Chappell, Department of Horticulture
College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences

**This publication is currently undergoing major revisions. All plants on the GA-EPPC invasive plant list have been removed from the original version of this publication.**

Landscape Plants for Georgia is an effort to compile a list of good plants organized into various sizes and groups. It does not list all available plant materials but rather brings together the best possible groupings according to the principles and requirements of good landscape design and plant maintenance. It is not possible to offer pictures of the plants. Many publications, books and web sites, however, have good plant pictures.

The design qualities of plants — their form, size, color and texture — are of major emphasis. Hardiness and disease and insect resistant qualities are also considered when selecting good landscape plants.

Definitions of Terms Used

Class — For identification, plants are divided into three major classes or groups: evergreen conifers, broad-leaved evergreens and deciduous plants.

Conifer — Most conifers are cone-bearing and have needle-like foliage. Examples are pine and cedar.

Deciduous — A deciduous plant sheds its foliage in the fall or winter. Flowering dogwood, maple and spirea are examples.

Botanical Name — This refers to the scientific name recognized the world over. Cornus florida is the botanical name of flowering dogwood. Botanical names are listed according to Index of Garden Plants by Mark Griffiths, 1994, Timber Press.

Broad-leaved Evergreen — This refers to broad-leaved plants that retain foliage the entire year. Examples are boxwood and camellia.

Common Name — Common plant names may vary from region to region. For this reason scientific names are included in this publication to establish the true identity of the plant.

Texture — Plant foliage is usually defined as being fine-, medium-, or coarse-textured, depending upon the size, density and arrangement of its leaves. Southern magnolia is an example of coarse foliage texture.

Form — Form refers to the shape or general outline of the plant. Boxwood has a rounded form. Pyracantha is irregular.

Normal Georgia Height — Due to environmental conditions, such as variations in soil, temperature, fertility and moisture, exact growing heights of plants cannot be established. "Normal Georgia Height" is a term used to designate average size after reasonable maturity. It is intended for use only as a guide.

Specimen — This is a plant with desirable form, foliage, fruit or flower that can be separated from other plants to emphasize its desirable characters.

Georgia's Hardy Zones — The plant hardiness zones used in this publication (see map) denote areas in the state where a plant has the best chance of survival and growth. The zones are based on the average minimum temperature the plant will tolerate. The numbers and letters in parentheses are the zone designations used in the reference publication. Source of this information is the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map, Miscellaneous Publication No. 1475, Agricultural Research Service, 1990.

Plant Hardiness Zones for Georgia

plant hardiness zone map
Range of average annual minimum temperatures for each zone
Zone Range in degrees F
6b -5 to 0
7a 0 to 5
7b 5 to 10
8a 10 to 15
8b 15 to 20

Vines . . .

Vines

Vines have many uses in the landscape. They may be used to soften unattractive walls and fences or to create exciting shadow patterns on blank surfaces. Many are desirable because of their evergreen foliage. Some have attractive flowers and/or berries to brighten or accent a landscape feature or attract wildlife. Vines provide attractive screening and privacy when used on trellises and fences.

As a general rule, residential building lots are becoming smaller, and appropriate plant material must be selected if the valuable space is to be used to best advantage. This class of plants is very useful in small gardens where planting space is limited.

. . . and Their Characteristics

Botanical Name
and
COMMON NAME
Georgia's
Hardy Zone
Texture Growth
Rate
Class Remarks
Antigonon leptopus
CORAL VINE
8 medium to coarse fast deciduous Blooms in late summer with coral-pink flowers.
Bignonia capreolata
CROSS VINE*
entire state medium fast evergreen Red, orange or yellow spring flowers.
Clematis armandii
ARMAND CLEMATIS
7,8 coarse medium to fast broad-leaved evergreen Large glossy leaves, fragrant white spring flowers.
Clematis x jackmanii
JACKMAN CLEMATIS
6b, 7 fine medium deciduous Large purple flowers.
Clematis terniflora
SWEETAUTUMN CLEMATIS
entire state medium medium to fast deciduous Fragrant white flowers in late summer.
x Fatshedra lizei
FATSHEDRA
7b, 8 coarse medium slow broad-leaved evergreen Semi-climbing shrub or vine. Needs support.
Ficus pumila
CLIMBING FIG
8 fine slow to medium broad-leaved evergreen Clings close to wall.
Gelsemium rankinii
SWAMP JESSAMINE*
entire state fine medium broad-leaved evergreen Yellow, trumpet flowers spring and fall.
Gelsemium sempervirens
CAROLINA YELLOW JESSAMINE*
entire state fine medium broad-leaved evergreen Yellow, trumpet-like flowers in spring. Hardy, one of our best vines.
Hedera canarienseis
ALGERIAN IVY
8 coarse medium broad-leaved evergreen Very coarse foliage. Sun or semi-shade.
Lonicera x heckrottii
GOLDFLAME HONEYSUCKLE
entire state medium slow to medium semi-evergreen Coral-red flowers in summer.
Lonicera sempervirens
TRUMPET HONEYSUCKLE*
entire state medium slow to medium deciduous Red, Orange to yellow spring flowers.
Parthenocissus quinquefolia
VIRGINIA CREEPER*
entire state coarse medium deciduous Large palmately compound leaves. Good red fall color. Can become invasive.
Parthenocissus tricuspidata
BOSTON IVY
entire state coarse medium deciduous Lustrous three lobed leaves with good red fall color.
Rosa banksiae
'Lutea'
LADY BANKSROSE
7b, 8 fine fast semi-evergreen Yellow double flowers.
Rosa species
CLIMBING ROSES
entire state fine to medium fast deciduous Numerous varieties and colors. Subject to disease and insects.
Sarcococca hookeriana var. humilis
SWEETBOX
entire state fine slow broad-leaved evergreen Bright green foliage for shady sites.
Smilax lanceolata
LANCELEAF GREENBRIER*
entire state medium fast broad-leaved evergreen Bright green foliage for cutting.
Trachelospermum asiaticum
ASIATIC JASMINE
7b, 8 fine medium broad-leaved evergreen Foliage similar to Vinca minor.
Trachelospermum jasminoides
STAR or CONFEDERATE JASMINE
8 medium medium broad-leaved evergreen Good foliage. White fragrant flowers in spring. Variegated form available.
Wisteria frutescens
AMERICAN WISTERIA*
entire state medium fast deciduous Lilac purple late spring flowers. More restrained than others.
* Denotes native Georgia plant throughout this table.

Ground Covers . . .

ground cover

Ground covers are very versatile. In addition to sunny open locations, selected ground covers are especially useful on steep slopes and densely shaded areas where other plants are more difficult to establish and maintain. Many ground covers are excellent for preventing soil erosion; while others are helpful in carrying out design patterns. Evergreen ground covers are particularly useful in establishing both formal and informal designs in residential and public landscapes. Ground cover plants are usually more satisfactory in narrow planters than shrubs.

Ground cover usually ranges from a few inches to a foot or more in height. In the evergreen class, English ivy and common periwinkle have rich green foliage, making them particularly valuable in landscape design. Several of the recommended plants have attractive seasonal flowers. Certain ground covers may become invasive once they become established and require heavy maintenance to keep them in bounds. Ground covers are often cites as being low maintenance. However, they all require some maintenance such as weeding, pruning or fertilization to look their best.

. . . and Their Characteristics

Botanical Name
and
COMMON NAME
Georgia's
Hardy Zone
Exposure Texture Normal GA Height Growth
Rate
Class Remarks
Ajuga reptans
CARPET BUGLE
entire state semi-shade medium 2-4" medium to fast evergreen Needs good drainage. Blue or white flowers.
Ardisia japonica
JAPANESE ARDISIA
8b semi-shade medium 8-12" slow evergreen Excellent evergreen ground cover.
Aspidistra elatior
CAST IRON PLANT
7b, 8 shade coarse 18-24" medium evergreen Drought tolerant, bold texture.
Dryopteris ludovichiana
SOUTHERN SHIELD FERN
entire state shade fine 24-36" medium deciduous Mass plantings, good green filler with fine texture.

Cotoneaster species
GROUNDCOVER COTONEASTER

SEE SMALL SHRUBS
Cyrtomiun falcatum
HOLLY FERN
8b semi-shade to shade coarse 1-2' medium evergreen Dark green foliage.
Festuca ovina var. glauca
BLUE FESCUE
6b, 7a prefers some shade fine 6-8" slow evergreen ornamental grass Best with irrigation.
Gardenia augusta
'Radicans'

CREEPING GARDENIA
7b, 8 sun to semi-shade fine 18-24" slow evergreen Small, white, fragrant flowers in summer.
Hedera canariensis
ALGERIAN IVY
8 shade to sun coarse 6-8" slow to medium evergreen Good groundcover.
Helleborus orientalis
LENTEN ROSE
6, 7 semi-shade to shade coarse 12-15" slow to medium evergreen White to rose colored flowers in January and February.
Hemerocallis species
DAYLILY
entire state sun to semi-shade medium 2-3' medium to fast deciduous to evergreen Very hardy. Numerous flower colors.
Hypericum calycium
AARON'S BEARD ST. JOHNSWORT
6b, 7 sun to semi-shade medium 8-12" medium to fast semi-evergreen Yellow flowers in summer.
Iberis sempervirens
EVERGREEN CANDYTUFT
6b, 7 sun to semi-shade fine 6-8" medium evergreen White flowers in spring.
Juniperus chinensis var. sargentii
SARGENT JUNIPER
entire state sun fine 18-24" medium evergreen conifer Very hardy. Good winter color. Needs good drainage.
Juniperus conferta
SHORE JUNIPER
entire state sun fine 18-24" medium evergreen conifer Hardy to sandy shore.
Juniperus conferta
'Blue Pacific'
BLUE PACIFIC JUNIPER
entire state sun fine 10-12" medium evergreen conifer Blue-gray foliage. Short vertical stems.
Juniperus conferta
'Emerald Sea'
EMERALD SEA JUNIPER
entire state sun fine 10-12" medium evergreen conifer Bright green foliage. Compact.
Juniperus davurica
'
Expansa'
PARSONS JUNIPER
entire state sun fine 18-24" medium to fast evergreen conifer Very hardy. Good winter color.
Juniperus horizontalis
'Plumosa Compacta'
ANDORRA COMPACTA JUNIPER
entire state sun fine 1-2' slow evergreen conifer Denser, more compact than Andorra.
Juniperus horizontalis
'Wiltoni'
BLUE RUG JUNIPER
entire state sun fine 4-6" medium evergreen conifer Hugs ground.
Juniperius procumbens
JAP GARDEN JUNIPER
entire state sun fine 1-2' slow evergreen conifer Handsome in beds, terraces and slopes.
Juniperius procumbens
'
Nana'
DWARF JAP GARDEN JUNIPER
entire state sun fine 6-8" very slow evergreen conifer Only spreading juniper suitable for restricted spaces.
Ophiopogon japonicus
DWARF LILYTURF or MONDO GRASS
7, 8 semi-shade to shade medium 8-12" medium evergreen Hardy, makes dense mat.
Ophiopogon japonicus
'Nana'
DWARF MONDO GRASS
7, 8 semi-shade to shade medium 3" slow evergreen Dwarf form.
Pachysandra terminalis
PACHYSANDRA
6b, 7a shade medium 6-12" medium evergreen Requires moist shade in heat.
Phlox subulata
MOSS PHLOX or THRIFT*
entire state sun fine 4-8" medium to fast evergreen Rose, white, lilac flowers.
Santolina chamaecyparissus
LAVENDER COTTON
entire state sun fine 1-2' medium evergreen Good for hot, dry sites. Gray foliage, yellow-orange flowers.
Santolina virens
GREEN LAVENDER COTTON
entire state sun fine 1-2' medium evergreen Good for hot, dry sites. Green foliage, orange flowers.
Saxifraga stolonifera
STRAWBERRY GERANIUM
7b, 8 shade fine 4-6" medium evergreen White flowers in summer.
Trachelospermum asiaticum
ASIATIC JASMINE
7b, 8 sun to semi-shade fine 4-6" medium evergreen Excellent groundcover.
Yucca filamentosa
ADAM'S NEEDLE or BEARGRASS*
entire state sun coarse 2-3' slow evergreen White flower spikes in summer.
Zamia integrifolia
COONTIE PALM*
8b sun to shade coarse 2-3' slow evergreen cycad Accent plant, native groundcover.
* Denotes native Georgia plant throughout this table
** Can be grown in full sun in North Georgia with proper care. Should have partial shade or irrigation in South Georgia.

Ornamental Grasses . . .

Ornamental grass

Ornamental grasses, long popular in certain European countries, are experiencing a rise in popularity among the southern gardeners. Grasses adapted to landscape plantings fall primarily into two categories: 1) the perennial grasses which with just a few exceptions, are large-growing, clump-type grasses; and 2) the annual grasses, utilized most often accents or drifts in the herbaceous border.

All of the grasses listed in this section are perennials except for two of the fountain grasses which are annuals. Except for the Blue Fescue (Festuca ovina glauca), a ground cover, all of the ornamental grasses are listed in this section.

Pampas grass is the most widely recognized ornamental grass. Pampas and the other selections in the ornamental group are used as specimen or accent plants, for contrast in shrub borders or herbaceous borders and for informal mass plantings.

All grasses die back to the ground in winter; consequently, all will need to be cut back to the ground before new growth emerges in spring. Despite this limitation, the taller-growing plants in this group make excellent seasonal screens and informal hedges. If properly handled, the flower or panicle portion of several selections make excellent material for dried arrangements.

...and Their Characteristics

Botanical Name
and
COMMON NAME
Georgia's Hardy Zone Texture Height Spread Panicle Length Exposure Landscape Remarks Cultural Remarks
Chasmanthium latifolium
UPLAND SEA OATS*
entire state fine 30-36" 18-24" 8" sun to light shade Very attractive seed heads. Can become invasive. Will tolerate wet feet. Self sows. Shade for Zone 8.
Cortaderia selloana
PAMPAS GRASS
7b, 8 fine to medium 7-8' 5-6' 20" sun Male and female plants. Female has fuller plumes. Most drought tolerant.
Cortaderia selloana
'Nana'
DWARF PAMPAS GRASS
entire state medium 3' 3½-4' 2' sun White female plumes. Very cold hardy.
Elymus glaucus
BLUE WILD RYE
entire state medium 4-5' 3-4' 10" sun Bluish-gray foliage. Spreads slowly by rhizomes.
Panicum virgatum
'Prairie Sky'
PRAIRIE SKY SWITCH GRASS
entire state fine 4-5' 3' 12" sun Outstanding blue foliage on arching plant. Golden fall foliage.
Pennisetum alopecuroides
DWARF FOUNTAIN GRASS
entire state fine 24-30" 2' 3" sun Plumes less showy than annual species. Good companion for perennials.
Pennisetum setaceum
FOUNTAIN GRASS
an
annual
fine 4-41/2' 4' 12" sun Rose colored foliage and panicles. Must replant every year.
Pennisetum setaceum
'Rubrum'
CRIMSON FOUNTAIN GRASS
an
annual
fine 4-41/2' 4' 12" sun Crimson or burgundy foliage and panicles. Must replant every year.
Pennisetum villosum
FEATHERTOP GRASS
7b, 8 fine 2-3' 2' 3" sun Showy creamy panicles. Even with dead heading, blooms once per year.
Sacchaarum ravennae
RAVENNA GRASS (HARDY PAMPAS)
entire state medium to coarse 8-9' 3-4' 20" sun Robust plant. Clump forming. Divide every 3-4 years.
++ All Miscanthus have a very prominent white midrib.
* Denotes native Georgia plant throughout this table.

Shrubs . . . Their Symbolic Forms

oval shrub
round shrub

irregular shrub
spreading shrub

weeping shrub
upright shrub

Small Shrubs - 1 to 5 Feet . . .

small shrub

Contemporary homes seldom have any discernible foundation, consequently fewer tall-growing shrubs are needed. More of the plants selected for the base of this type of residence should come from these small shrubs. Small shrubs are also very useful in guarding against overcrowding and overgrowth. Many plants in this size range are also desirable for their mass foliage and/or flowering effects. In addition, they are valuable in small lots where ground space is at a premium.

The 1- to 2-foot size shrubs are particularly well suited for raised planters. The smaller, compact growing species are often used to stabilize design lines in formal gardens and for edging walks and plant beds.

Plants in the upper range of this class that reach 4 or 5 feet in height form an effective background for perennials and annuals.

. . . and Their Characteristics

Botanical Name
and
COMMON NAME
Georgia's Hardy Zone Texture Form Normal GA Height Growth Rate Exposure Class Remarks
Abelia x
'
Edward Goucher'
EDWARD GOUCHER ABELIA
entire state fine irregular to oval 4-5' slow sun, semi-shade semi-evergreen Lilac-pink flowers.
Abelia x grandiflora
'
Sherwoodii'
SHERWOOD DWARF ABELIA
entire state fine irregular to spreading 2-3' slow sun, semi-shade semi-evergreen White flowers
Aucuba japonica
'
Nana'
DWARF AUCUBA
entire state coarse oval 3-4' slow shade, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Attractive foliage and berries.
Buxus microphylla var. japonica
JAPANESE BOXWOOD
7,8 fine rounded 3-5' slow sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Good color and easy to maintain.
Buxus microphylla var. koreana
KOREAN BOXWOOD
6b, 7 fine rounded 2-3' slow semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Very hardy, useful for low hedges.
Buxus sempervirens
'Suffruticosa'
TRUE DWARF BOXWOOD
6b, 7 fine rounded 2-4' very slow semi-shade, shade broad-leaved evergreen Will grow large with age.
Camellia hiemalis
DWARF SASANQUA
7b, 8 medium spreading

compact

3-5' very slow sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Foliage very similar to Sasanqua.
Cultivars Including Cultivar Flower Flower Form
Shi Shi Gashira
(Beni-Kan-Tsubaki)
Red Double-formal to rose form More compact.
Showa-No-Sakae
(Usubeni)
Soft Pink Semi-double to double rose form Suitable for espaliering.
Cephlotaxus harringtonia var. drupacea
JAPANESE PLUM YEW
entire state medium to fine spreading 2-3' medium sun, semi-shade evergreen conifer Vase-shaped. Shade in Zone 8.
Cephlotaxus harringtonia
'
Fastigiata'
UPRIGHT PLUM YEW
entire state medium to fine upright 3-5' slow sun, semi-shade conifer Accent for restricted spaces. Shade in Zone 8.
Cephlotaxus harringtonia
'
Prostrata'
SPREADING PLUM YEW
entire state medium to fine spreading 2-4" medium sun, semi-shade evergreen conifer Prostrate in habit. Shade in Zone 8.
Chaenomeles japonica
JAPANESE FLOWERING QUINCE
entire state medium oval 30-36" slow sun deciduous Orange or scarlet red flowers in spring
Chamaerops humilis
8b coarse upright-clumping 2-4' slow sun, semi-shade evergreen palm Multi-trunk due to suckers.
EUROPEAN FAN PALM
Clethra alnifolia
'
Hummingbird'
HUMMINGBIRD SUMMERSWEET*
6b, 7 fine upright spreading 2-3' medium sun, semi-shade deciduous White fragrant flowers in mid summer.
Cotoneaster dammeri
BEARBERRY COTONEASTER
6b, 7 fine spreading 12-18" medium sun broad-leaved evergreen Some cultivars reach 4' tall. Susceptible to mites.
Cotoneaster horizontalis
ROCKSPRAY COTONEASTER
6b, 7 fine spreading 2-3' medium sun semi-evergreen Fishbone branching pattern. Susceptible to mites.
Daphne odora
WINTER DAPHNE
7, 8 fine to medium rounded 3-4' slow semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Flowers in winter. Temperamental plant.
Deutzia gracilis
SLENDER DEUTZIA
6b, 7 medium to fine rounded 3-4' slow sun, semi-shade deciduous Very hardy with pale green foliage.
Fothergilla gardenii
'Mt. Airy'
MT. AIRY FOTHERGILLA*
entire state medium rounded 4-5' medium sun, semi-shade deciduous Abundant white spring flowers, great fall color.
Gardenia augusta
'Radicans'
CREEPING GARDENIA
7b, 8 fine spreading 18-24" slow sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Fragrant white flowers.
Hydrangea arborescens
'Annabelle'
ANNABELLE HYDRANGEA
6b, 7 coarse rounded 3-5' medium semi-shade, shade deciduous Large heads of white flowers in early summer.
Hydrangea macrophylla
'Pia'
PIA FRENCH HYDRANGEA
entire state coarse rounded 2-3' slow semi-shade deciduous A true dwarf with heavy flowering.
Ilex vomitoria
'Nana'
DWARF YAUPON HOLLY*
7, 8 fine rounded 3-5' slow sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Hardy tough shrub. New growth green.
Ilex vomitoria
'Schillings'
SCHILLINGS DWARF YAUPON *
7, 8 fine rounded to spreading 3-4' slow sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen New growth red.
Ilex vomitoria
Bordeaux
BORDEAUX DWARF YAUPON *
7, 8 fine rounded 3-4' slow sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen New growth on branch tips is red.
Itea virginica
'Henry's Garnet'
HENRY'S GARNET SWEETSPIRE*
entire state medium rounded 3-4' medium sun semi-evergreen Great fall color, tolerates moist sites.
Jasminum floridum
SHOWY JASMINE
7, 8 fine weeping 3-5' slow to medium sun semi-evergreen Yellow flowers in spring.
Jasminum nudiflorum
WINTER JASMINE
entire state fine weeping 3-4' medium sun, semi-shade deciduous Yellow flowers late winter. Tenacious shrub.
Juniperus species
SPREADING JUNIPERS
SEE GROUND COVERS
Leucothoe axillaris
COASTAL LEUCOTHOE*
entire state medium to coarse weeping to irregular 3-4' slow to medium semi-shade, shade broad-leaved evergreen Good drainage on moist locations required.
Leucothoe fontanesiana
DROOPING LEUCOTHOE*
6b, 7 medium to coarse weeping to irregular 3-4' slow semi-shade, shade broad-leaved evergreen Naturalistic or small gardens with good drainage on moist sites.
Mahonia fortunei
CHINESE MAHONIA
8 medium upright 3-5' medium semi-shade, shade broad-leaved evergreen Graceful ever-green in well drained sites.
Nandina domestica
'Firepower'
FIREPOWER DWARF NANDINA
entire state fine to medium rounded 1-2' slow sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Red fall color. Mass plantings.
Nandina domestica
'Harbour Dwarf'
HARBOUR DWARF NANDINA
entire state fine spreading 2-3' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Spreads by rhizomes.
Osmanthus heterophyllus
'Rotundifolius'
LITTLE LEAF TEA OLIVE
7, 8 fine rounded 4-5' very slow sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Specimen for restricted spaces.
Pinus mugo var. mugo
MUGO PINE
6b, 7 fine rounded 3-5' slow sun evergreen conifer Use grafted plants only for dwarf form.
Pittosporum tobira
'Wheeler's Dwarf'
WHEELER DWARF PITTOSPORUM
8 medium rounded 2-3' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Mass plantings or low borders.
Prunus laurocerasus
'Otto Luyken'
OTTO LUYKEN LAUREL
6b, 7 medium rounded 3-4' slow to medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Mass plantings.
Prunus laurocerasus
'Schipkaensis'
SCHIP LAUREL
6b, 7 medium rounded 4-5' slow to medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Naturalistic or mass.
Punica granatum var. nana
DWARF POMEGRANATE
7b, 8 fine upright-irregular 3-4' slow sun deciduous Red-orange flowers and fruits.
Rhaphiolepis spp.
INDIAN HAWTHORN
7b, 8 medium spreading to rounded 2-5' slow sun broad-leaved evergreen Glossy foliage, white or pink flowers. Questionable hardiness in Zone 7.
Cultivars including Cultivar Flower Height
'Clara' White 3-4'
'Eleanor Taber' Pink
'Georgia Charm' White 3-4'
'Georgia Petite' Light Pink 2-3'
'Olivia' White 4-5'
'Snow White' White 2-3'
Rhododendron
GLEN DALE HYBRID AZALEAS
entire state fine upright-spreading 3-5' slow to medium semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Mass flowering effects.
Cultivars include several hundred which offer great range in color and blooming season.
GUMPO AZALEAS 7, 8 fine spreading 10-12" slow to medium semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Late season, large, white or pink flowers.
KURUME AZALEAS entire state fine rounded 3-5' slow to medium semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Mass flowering effects.
Cultivars Including Cultivar Flower Cultivar Flower
'Christmas Cheer' Brilliant Red 'Hino Crimson' Red
'Coral Bells' Shell Pink 'Hinodegiri' Vivid Red
'Flame' Orange Red 'Mothers Day' Red
'Hershey Red' Bright Red 'Pink Pearl' Salmon Rose
'Hexe' Red 'Salmon Beauty' Salmon Pink
GIRARD HYBRID AZALEAS entire state fine rounded to spreading 3-5' slow to medium semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Cold hardy and striking flower color.
Rosa
(Floribunda)
FLORIBUNDA ROSE
entire state medium rounded 2-4' slow to medium sun deciduous Mass flowering effects.
Rosmarinus officinalis
ROSEMARY
entire state fine irregular 3-4' slow to medium sun broad-leaved evergreen Grayish foliage. Requires well drained soils.
Ruscus aculeatus
BUTCHER'S - BROOM
entire state fine irregular 2-3' slow sun broad-leaved evergreen Specimen accent in low border.
Santolina species
LAVENDER COTTON
SEE GROUND COVERS
Spiraea thunbergii
THUNBERG SPIREA
entire state fine irregular 3-4' medium sun deciduous Masses, borders.
* Denotes native Georgia plant throughout this table.

Medium Shrubs - 5 to 8 Feet . . .

medium shrub

Shrubs in this size range are most useful for hedges, screening and backgrounds, for large scale foundation plantings and large mass plantings. Some species have enough good qualities to serve as specimen plants.

A number of the better flowering and berry-producing shrubs fall within this medium size range. When planted in groups, some these flowering shrubs are particularly useful for seasonal highlights.

Many plants are grown for foliage rather than for flowers. Variations in foliage color range from glossy green to light gray. Be mindful that plants having variegated leaves are somewhat difficult to harmonize with other plants.

. . . and Their Characteristics

Botanical Name
and
COMMON NAME
Georgia's Hardy Zone Texture Form Normal Ga Height Growth Rate Exposure Class Remarks
Abelia x grandiflora
GLOSSY ABELIA
entire state fine to medium rounded 5-6' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Hedge plant.
Aucuba japonica
JAPANESE AUCUBA
entire state coarse upright 6-8' medium to fast semi-shade, shade broad-leaved evergreen Green and variegated foliage.
Berberis julianae
WINTERGREEN BARBERRY
entire state medium oval 5-6' slow to medium sun broad-leaved evergreen Rich green foliage, thorns.
Buddleia davidii
BUTTERFLY BUSH
entire state fine to medium rounded 6-8' medium sun deciduous Fragrant summer flowers attract butterflies.
Buxus sempervirens
COMMON BOXWOOD
6b, 7 fine to medium rounded 5-8' slow to medium semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Useful in formal paintings.
Callistemon citrinus
CRIMSON BOTTLEBRUSH
8b fine irregular 6-8' medium to fast sun broad-leaved evergreen Flowers very showy.
Calycanthus floridus
SWEET SHRUB*
entire state coarse rounded 5-6' slow to medium semi-shade deciduous Fragrant flowers.
Chaenomeles speciosa
FLOWERING QUINCE
entire state medium upright rounded 5-8' slow sun, semi-shade deciduous White, pink to red flowers.
Clethra alnifolia
'Ruby Spice'
RUBY SPICE SUMMERSWEET
6b, 7 medium rounded 4-8' slow to medium sun, semi-shade deciduous Pink fragrant flowers, moist soils.
Cycas revoluta
SAGO PALM
8 fine upright 4-6' very slow sun, semi-shade evergreen cycad Single or multi-trunk specimens.
Fatsia japonica
JAPANESE FATSIA
8 coarse irregular 4-8' medium to fast semi-shade, shade broad-leaved evergreen Specimen. Zone 7 with protection.
Forsythia x intermedia
BORDER FORSYTHIA
entire state medium irregular 5-8' fast sun deciduous Yellow spring flowers.
Gardenia jasminoides
CAPE JASMINE
7b, 8 medium rounded 4-6' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Fragrant white flowers.
Hydrangea macrophylla
FRENCH HYDRANGEA
entire state coarse rounded 4-6' medium semi-shade deciduous Red, pink, blue and white flowering types.
Hydrangea paniculata
'Grandiflora'
PEE GEE HYDRANGEA
6b, 7 coarse rounded 8-15' medium sun deciduous Flowers open white, turn pink, then bronze.
Ilex cornuta
'Dwarf Burford'
DWARF BURFORD HOLLY
7, 8 medium to coarse rounded 5-8' slow sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Foundations. Glossy foliage.
Ilex crenata
'Hetzii'
HETZ HOLLY
7 medium rounded 6-8' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Dark green foliage.
Ilex crenata
'Sky Pencil'
SKY PENCIL HOLLY
entire state medium upright 6-8' medium sun, semi-shade braod leaved evergreen Narrow and strongly upright.
Ilex glabra
'Nigra'
NIGRA INKBERRY*
entire state medium rounded 5-6' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Borders, naturalistic areas and wet sites.
Juniper chinensis
'Pfitzeriana'
PFITZER JUNIPER
entire state medium spreading 5-6' medium sun evergreen conifer Mass planting sunny slopes.
Kalmia latifolia
MOUNTAIN LAUREL*
6b, 7 medium upright 5-8' slow to medium semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Naturalistic gardens.
Lagerstroemia x
'Tonto'
TONTO CRAPEMYRTLE
entire state medium upright 6-10' medium sun deciduous Red flowering specimen or border shrub.
Lagerstroemia indica
'Victor'
VICTOR CRAPEMYRTLE
entire state medium upright 4-6' medium sun deciduous Compact form with dark red flowers in July.
Lonicera nitida
BOX LEAF HONEYSUCKLE
6b, 7 fine to medium rounded 5-6' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Attractive foliage.
Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum
'Ruby'
RUBY FRINGE FLOWER
7, 8 fine rounded 6-8' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Bright pink and spring bloom. New leaves ruby red.
Myrica cerifera
'Fairfax'
FAIRFAX WAXMYRTLE*
7, 8 medium rounded 6-8' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Compact form with good foliage.
Osmanthus heterophyllus
'Gulftide'
GULFTIDE TEA-OLIVE
7, 8 fine rounded 6-8' slow sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Specimen or hedge.
Osmanthus heterophyllus
'Variegatus'
VARIEGATED FALSE HOLLY
7, 8 fine rounded 6-8' slow sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Leaf margins creamy white.
Philadelphus x 'Natchez'
NATCHEZ MOCKORANGE
6b, 7 medium irregular 6-8' medium sun deciduous Large white flowers.
Pieris japonica
JAPANESE PIERIS
6b, 7 fine irregular 5-6' medium semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Naturalistic. Sun possible in mountains.
Pyracantha koidzumii
'Low-Dense'
LOW-DENSE PYRACANTHA
8 fine rounded 6-8' medium to fast sun broad-leaved evergreen Berries hidden by foliage.
Rhaphiolepis umbellata
YEDDO HAWTHORN
7b, 8 medium to coarse upright to rounded 6-8' medium sun broad-leaved evergreen Nice texture and dark green foliage with spring flowers.
Rhododendron arborescens
SWEET AZALEA*
6b, 7 medium upright to irregular 5-8' slow to medium semi-shade deciduous Fragrant white to pink flowers.
Rhododendron austrinum
FLORIDA AZALEA*
7, 8 medium upright to irregular 6-8' slow to medium semi-shade deciduous Fragrant yellow cream to orange flowers.
Rhododendron calendulaceum
FLAME AZALEA*
6b, 7 medium upright to rounded 5-8' slow to medium semi-shade deciduous Flowers yellow to orange and scarlet.
SOUTHERN INDIAN AZALEA 8 medium rounded to irregular 5-8' medium to fast semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Mass plantings, borders.
Cultivars including Cultivar Flower Cultivar Flower
'Elegans' Pink 'Iveryana' White to Rose
'Fielders White' White 'Judge Solomon' Pink
'Fisher Pink' Light Pink 'Lawsal' Salmon Pink
'Formosa' Purple 'President Clay' Red
'George Lindsey Tabor' Light Pink Effect 'Pride of Mobile' Deep Rose Pink
'G. G. Gerbing' White 'Southern Charm' Pink
Spiraea x vanhouttei
VANHOUTTE SPIREA
6b, 7 medium rounded 5-8' medium to fast sun deciduous Arching branches of mass white flowers.
Trachycarpus fortunei
CHINESE or FORTUNES WINDMILL PALM
7b, 8 coarse upright 6-8' very slow sun evergreen palm Specimen. Slender trunk with fibrous cover.
Viburnum x burkwoodi
BURKWOOD VIBURNUM
6b, 7 coarse rounded 6-8' medium sun deciduous Fragrant white spring flowers.
Viburnum suspensum
SANDANKWA VIBURNUM
8 medium to coarse rounded 5-8' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Mass plantings. Borders.
Weigela florida
WEIGELA
entire state coarse irregular 5-8' medium to fast sun deciduous Borders for spring flowers.
Yucca gloriosa
MOUND-LILY YUCCA *
entire state coarse upright 6-8' slow sun broad-leaved evergreen Pale green spine tipped foliage.
* Denotes native Georgia plant throughout this table.

Large Shrubs - 8 Feet and Up . . .

large shrub

There are many excellent plants in the large shrub class which are particularly useful as heavy screening and hedging or as specimens because of their outstanding foliage, flower or fruit. Plants in this category have limited use as foundation plants because of their ultimate size.

Because of the ultimate size of several plants in this group, they are also listed in the "small trees" section that follows. Many times the actual use or pruning of a landscape plant determines whether it is classified as a large shrub or a small tree.

These plant adapt well for use in parks, public grounds and other large-scale landscape developments, but use them with caution in the restricted spaces of small landscapes.

. . . and Their Characteristics

Botanical Name
and
COMMON NAME
Georgia's Hardy Zone Texture Form Normal Ga Height Growth Rate Exposure Class Remarks
Acca sellowiana (Feijoa sellowiana)
PINEAPPLE GUAVA
8 medium rounded 8-10' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Grayish foliage. Hedges & borders.
Aesculus parvifloraBOTTLEBRUSH BUCKEYE* entire state coarse rounded 8-12' medium sun, semi-shade deciduous Specimen, naturalistic settings.
Agarista populifolia*
FLORIDA LEUCOTHOE
entire state coarse irregular 8-10' medium semi-shade, shade broad-leaved evergreen Naturalistic settings.
Camellia japonica
JAPANESE CAMELLIA
7, 8 medium to coarse rounded to oval 8-15' slow to medium semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Specimen.
Cultivars that produce cold hardy flower buds Cultivar Flower Color Cultivar Flower Color
'Adolphe Audusson Var.' Variegated 'Gulio Nuccio Var.' Variegated
'Are-jishi' Red 'High Hat' Pink
'Bernice Boddy' Pink 'Kumasaka' Pink
'Daikagura' Red 'Lady Clare' Pink
'Daikagura Var.' Variegated 'Magnoliaeflora' Pink
'Donckelari' Variegated 'Rev. John G. Drayton' Pink
'Dr. Tinsley' Pink 'Tricolor' Variegated
'Firebrand' Red 'Ville de Nantes' Variegated
'Flame' Red 'White Daikagura' White
'Gov. Mouton' Red 'White Empress' White
'Gulio Nuccio' Red
Camellia sasanqua
SASANQUA CAMELLIA
7, 8 medium irregular to upright 8-10' slow to medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Good foliage and flwers. Hedges, borders.
Sasanqua Cultivars Including Cultivar Flower Color Flower Form Plant Form
'Bettie Patricia' Light Pink Rose form, Double Upright to Spreading
'Bonanza' Deep Red Semi-Peony Compact Form
'Cleopatra' Rose Pink Semi-Double Compact to Spreading
'Cotton Candy' Pink Semi-Double, Large Loose, upright to Spreading
'Jean May' Shell Pink Semi-Double to Double, Large Upright to spreading
'Mine-No-Yuki' White Double, Large Irregular to Spreading
'Pink Snow' Light Pink Semi-Double, Large Irregular young, Compact Older Upright
'Setsugekka' White Semi-Double, Large Ruffled Petals Upright
'Sparkling Burgundy' Ruby Rose Peony Form, Large Irrregular to Spreading
'Yuletide' Red Single Upright
Camellia vernalis
VERNAL CAMELLIA
7, 8 medium upright 8-10' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen 'Dawn' blooms Sept.-March.
Chimonanthus praecox
WINTERSWEET
entire state coarse irregular 10-15' slow to medium sun, semi-shade deciduous Fragrant January flowers.
Hamamelis x intermedia
HYBRID WITCH HAZEL
6b, 7 coarse upright spreading 12-15' medium sun, semi-shade deciduous Red to yellow, winter to spring flowering.
Hamamelis virginiana
COMMON WITCH HAZEL*
entire state coarse irregular 12-15' medium sun, semi-shade deciduous Naturalistic sites.
Hydrangea paniculata
'Tardiva'
TARDIVA HYDRANGEA
entire state coarse upright 8-15' medium sun, semi-shade deciduous Showy white flowers in late summer.
Hydrangea quercifolia
OAKLEAF HYDRANGEA*
entire state coarse rounded 8-10' medium semi-shade deciduous Naturalistic. Large white flowers, wine red fall color.
Ilex x 'Mary Nell'
MARY NELL HOLLY
7, 8 medium upright pyramid 10-15' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Glossy foliage with bright red fruits.
Ilex x 'Emily Bruner'
EMILY BRUNER HOLLY
7, 8 medium pyramidal 12-15' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Dark foliage with large red berries.
Ilex x 'Nellie R. Stevens'
NELLIE R. STEVENS HOLLY
entire state coarse upright 10-20' medium to fast sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Dark foliage with large red berries.
Ilex x attenuata
'Fosteri'
FOSTER'S HOLLY
entire state medium upright pyramid 10-15' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Specimen or hedges with red berries.
Ilex cassine
DAHOON HOLLY*
7, 8 medium upright 10-15' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Hedges, borders.
Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'
BURFORD HOLLY
7, 8 coarse oval 8-12' medium to fast sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Specimen or hedges with heavy red fruit.
Ilex cornuta 'Anicet Delcambre'NEEDLE POINT HOLLY 7,8 medium upright 8-15' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Excellent for screens and hedges.
Ilex latifoliaLUSTERLEAF HOLLY 7, 8 coarse upright pyramidal 10-20' medium to fast sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Specimen or espalier with bold foliage.
Ilex myrtifolia
MYRTLE HOLLY
7, 8 fine upright 10-12' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Naturalistic. Berries red, orange or yellow.
Ilex vomitoria
YAUPON HOLLY*
7,8 fine upright 10-15' fast sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Hedges, borders. Clipped effects.
Illicium parviflorum
SMALL ANISE-TREE*
7, 8 coarse upright 8-12' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Light green fragrant foliage.
Illicium floridanum
FLORIDA ANISE*
7, 8 coarse upright 8-10' medium semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Naturalistic.
Juniperus chinensis
'Torulosa'
HOLLYWOOD JUNIPER
entire state fine upright- irregular 10-15' medium sun evergreen conifer Specimen.
Juniperus chinensis
'Robusta Green'
ROBUSTA GREEN JUNIPER
entire state fine upright irregular 10-15' slow sun evergreen conifer Specimen.
Loropetalum chinese var. rubrum
PINK CHINESE FRINGE FLOWER
7, 8 medium irregular, rounded 8-12' fast sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Bright pink spring flowers.
Michelia figo
BANANA SHRUB
8 fine to medium rounded 10-12' slow sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Fragrant flowers.
Myrica cerifera
SOUTHERN WAXMYRTLE*
7, 8 medium upright rounded 15-20' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Borders, hedges and screens.
Nerium oleander
OLEANDER
8 medium oval 8-12' medium sun broad-leaved evergreen Red, white and pink summer flowers. Poisonous plant.
Osmanthus americanus
DEVILWOOD OSMANTHUS*
entire state medium upright 10-15' medium semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Borders, naturalistic sites.
Osmanthus x fortunei
FORTUNE'S OSMANTHUS
7, 8 medium rounded 10-15' slow to medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Tough border or specimen plant.
Osmanthus fragrans
SWEET OSMANTHUS or TEA OLIVE
8 medium upright 10-15' medium to fast sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Fragrant, specimen.
Osmanthus heterophyllus
HOLLY OSMANTHUS
7, 8 medium rounded 8-10' slow to medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Foundations, hedges, borders.
Pittosporum tobira
TOBIRA PITTOSPORUM
8b medium rounded 8-12' medium to fast sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Glossy, green foliage.
Podocarpus macrophyllus
SOUTHERN YEW, CHINESE PODOCARPUS
8 medium upright 8-15' medium sun, semi-shade evergreen conifer Foundations, hedges or borders.
Podocarpus macrophyllus
'Maki'
CHINESE PODOCARPUS
8b medium upright 8-15' medium sun, semi-shade evergreen conifer Smaller leaves.
Punica granatum
POMEGRANATE
8 fine to medium rounded 10-15' medium sun deciduous Specimen. Orange flowers.
Pyracantha koidzumii
FORMOSA FIRETHORN
8 medium irregular 10-12' fast sun broad-leaved evergreen Large red berries.
Pyracantha x
'Mohave'
MOHAVE FIRETHORN
7, 8 medium upright 8-12' fast sun broad-leaved evergreen Masses of orange red fruit.
Rhododendron canescens
PIEDMONT AZALEA*
entire state medium upright to irregular 8-12' slow to medium semi-shade deciduous White, pink to rose flowers.
Rhododendron prunifolium
PLUMLEAF AZALEA*
entire state medium upright to rounded 8-10' slow to medium semi-shade deciduous Flowers orange red in July and August.
Rhododendron maximum
ROSEBAY*
6b coarse irregular 10-15' medium semi-shade, shade broad-leaved evergreen Specimen.
Rhododendron (Hybrids)
HYBRID RHODODENDRONS
6b, 7 coarse oval to rounded 8-10' medium semi-shade, shade broad-leaved evergreen Require excellent drainage. Use H-1 & H-2 hybrids.
Syringa vulgaris
COMMON LILAC
6b, 7a coarse irregular 8-10' slow to medium sun, semi-shade deciduous Fragrant, lilac flowers.
Ternstroemia gymnanthera (Cleyera japonica)
JAPANASE CLEYERA
7b, 8 medium upright 8-15' slow to medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Glossy foliage.
Viburnum awabuki
AWABUKI VIBURNUM
8 coarse upright 8-15' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Lustrous dark green foliage.
Viburnum odoratissimum
SWEET VIBURNUM
8 coarse rounded 10-15' fast sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Borders, hedges.
Viburnum opulus
'Roseum'
EUROPEAN SNOWBALL VIBURNUM
6b, 7 coarse irregular 8-10' medium semi-shade deciduous Borders. "Snowball" flower clusters.
Viburnum plicatum var. tomentosum
DOUBLEFILE VIBURNUM
6b, 7 medium rounded 8-15' medium sun, semi-shade deciduous Abundant snow white spring blooms.
Viburnum x rhytidophyllum
LEATHERLEAF VIBURNUM
6b, 7 coarse irregular 8-10' medium semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Dark green foliage. Borders.
Viburnum tinus
LAURUSTINUS
8 medium upright 8-10' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Borders, screening.
Viburnum trilobum
AMERICAN CRANBERRY BUSH VIBURNUM
6b, 7 coarse irregular 8-12' medium to fast sun, semi-shade deciduous Red fruit in fall.
Yucca aloifolia
SPANISH DAGGER*
entire state coarse upright 8-12' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Hardy. White flowers.
* Denotes native Georgia plant throughout this table.

Trees ... Their Symbolic Forms

upright treeUpright
pyramidal treePyramidal
round treeRound

columnar treeColumnar
oval treeOval
vase treeVase

weeping treeWeeping
spreading treeSpreading

Small Trees - 10 to 40 Feet . . .

small trees

Small trees are important plants in a landscape since, with a minimum of maintenance, they provide outstanding foliage, flowers and fruits for gardens and public areas. Trees with interesting branching habits are often used as accents in the landscape. Some small evergreen trees provide good year round foliage. Some deciduous trees in this group provide good fall color.

Small trees have a place in landscape plans for small lots and houses. They provide proper scale for small areas where often one tree would serve more adequately than several shrubs. Several trees in this size group are good for high backgrounds and screening, providing a taller barrier than shrubs.

. . . and Their Characteristics

Botanical Name and
COMMON NAME
Georgia's Hardy Zone Texture Form Height Spread Growth Rate Class Remarks
Acer buergerianum
TRIDENT MAPLE
entire state medium oval 20-35' 15-25' slow to medium deciduous Specimen or naturalistic sites. Tough tree for urban sites.
Acer palmatum
JAPANESE MAPLE
entire state fine to medium horizontal branching 15-20' 10-15' medium deciduous Specimens with red or green foliage.
Amelanchier arborea
SERVICEBERRY*
6b, 7 medium oval 30-40' 15-20' medium deciduous Borders. White flowers in early spring.
Butia capitata
PINDO PALM
8 medium weeping 15-20' 10-15' medium evergreen palm Specimen.
Carpinus caroliniana
AMERICAN HORNBEAM*
entire state medium irregular 20-30' 15-20' slow deciduous Tough, urban tolerant tree. Wet site tolerant.
Cedrus deodara
DEODAR CEDAR
7, 8 medium pyramidal 30-50' 20-30' medium evergreen conifer Specimen, screening.
Cercis canadensis
EASTERN REDBUD*
entire state medium oval 20-30' 18-20' medium deciduous Spring flowering.
Cercis chinensis
CHINESE REDBUD
entire state medium oval 15-20' 10-12' medium deciduous Small spring flowering tree.
Cercis reniformis
'Oklahoma'
OKLAHOMA REDBUD
7, 8 medium spreading 15-20' 15-20' medium deciduous Glossy foliage with rosy red spring flowers.
Chionanthus retusus
CHINESE FRINGE TREE
entire state medium spreading 15-25' 10-15' medium deciduous Bright white spring flowers.
Chionanthus virginicus
WHITE FRINGE TREE*
entire state coarse irregular 12-20' 10-15' slow to medium deciduous White spring flowers.
Cladrastis kentukea
AMERICAN YELLOWWOOD
6b, 7 coarse oval 25-30' 10-12' slow deciduous White flowers and yellow fall color. Specimen.
Cornus florida
FLOWERING DOGWOOD*
entire state medium horizontal branching 15-25' 15-20' slow deciduous Specimen or masses.
Cornus kousa
KOUSA DOGWOOD
6b, 7 medium horizontal branching 15-25' 15-20' slow deciduous Specimen or small grove.
Crataegus phaenopyrum
WASHINGTON HAWTHORNE
6b, 7 medium upright to rounded 25-30' 15-20' medium deciduous Red berries in fall.
Eriobotrya japonica
LOQUAT
8 coarse rounded 10-20' 10-15' medium to fast broad-leaved evergreen Dark green foliage with bold features.
Halesia tetraptera
SILVERBELL*
6b, 8a medium spreading 20-30' 15-20' medium deciduous White flowers.
Ilex x
'Nellie R. Stevens'
NELLIE R. STEVENS HOLLY
entire state medium to coarse upright 10-20' 8-10' medium to fast broad-leaved evergreen Specimen, screening.
Ilex x attenuata
HYBRID HOLLY
entire state medium to coarse upright pyramidal 10-40' 6-15' medium broad-leaved evergeen Specimen, screening. Red berries.
Cultivars Include Cultivar Remarks
'East Palatka' Leaves single spined
'Fosteri' Very pyramidal and dense
'Savannah' Light green foliage.
Ilex cassine
CASSINE HOLLY*
7, 8 medium pyramidal 10-20' 8-10' medium broad-leaved evergreen Screening.
Ilex opaca
AMERICAN HOLLY*
entire state coarse pyramidal 20-50' 15-30' medium broad-leaved evergreen Dark green foliage. Specimen, screening.
Ilex opaca
'Greenleaf'
GREENLEAF HOLLY
entire state coarse pyramidal upright 20-30' 10-15' medium broad-leaved evergreen Compact habit of growth.
Ilex vomitoria
YAUPON HOLLY*
7, 8 fine irregular 15-20' 8-10' fast broad-leaved evergreen Screening with bright red fruit.
Ilex vomitoria
'Pendula'
WEEPING YAUPON HOLLY*
7, 8 fine weeping 15-20' 8-10' medium to fast broad-leaved evergreen Distinctive weeping habit.
Juniperus virginiana
RED CEDAR*
entire state medium pyramidal 25-40' 15-20' slow evergreen conifer Screen.
Koelreuteria bipinnata
CHINESE FLAMETREE
7, 8 medium upright 20-30' 15-20' fast deciduous Yellow flowers followed by pink pods.
Koelreuteria paniculata
GOLDENRAIN TREE
6b, 8a fine rounded 20-30' 10-15' medium deciduous Yellow flowers in early summer.
Lagerstroemia indica
COMMON CRAPEMYRTLE
entire state fine upright 6-30' 4-15' medium to fast deciduous White, pink, lavender or red flowers. Powdery mildew and aphids may become a problem.
Lagerstroemia indica x L. fauriei
HYBRID CRAPEMYRTLE
entire state fine upright 15-30' 10-15' fast deciduous White, pink, lavender or red flowers. Hybrids have mildew resistance and bloom longer.
Magnolia grandiflora
'Little Gem'
LITTLE GEM SOUTHERN MAGNOLIA
7, 8 medium upright 15-20' 8-10' medium evergreen Dark green evergreen foliage on compact plant.
Magnolia soulangiana
JAPANESE MAGNOLIA
entire state coarse rounded 20-30' 15-20' medium deciduous Pink saucer-like blooms.
Magnolia stellata
STAR MAGNOLIA
entire state coarse rounded 12-20' 10-15' slow to medium deciduous White flowers.
Magnolia virginiana
SWEETBAY MAGNOLIA*
7, 8 coarse upright 15-20' 10-20' slow semi-evergreen White flowers in summer.
Malus x
'Dolgo'
DOLGO CRABAPPLE
6b, 7 medium rounded 15-20' 10-15' medium deciduous White flowers followed by red to purple fruits. Disease resistant.
Malus floribunda
JAPANESE CRABAPPLE
6b, 7 medium rounded 15-20' 15-20' medium deciduous Pinkish-red flowers fading to white. Fruit yellow, red. Mostly disease resistant.
Malus 'Callaway'
CALLAWAY CRABAPPLE
6b, 7 medium rounded 15-20' 15-20' medium deciduous Pink buds, white flowers. Large 1" reddish fruit. Disease resistant.
Oxydendrum arboreum
SOURWOOD*
entire state medium to coarse upright 25-30' 15-20' medium deciduous Red fall color.
Parkinsomia aculeata
JERUSALEM-THORN
8b fine spreading 15-20' 20-25' rapid deciduous Yellow flowers in spring and summer.
Phoenix canariensis
CANARY DATE PALM
8b coarse upright 30-40' 12-18' medium evergreen palm Used as accent specimen.
Pinus virginiana
VIRGINIA PINE*
6b, 7 medium pyramidal 20-40' 15-20' medium evergreen conifer Good for screening.
Pistacia chinensis
CHINESE PISTACHE
entire state fine rounded 30-40' 20-30' fast deciduous Yellow to bright orange-red fall color. Hardy and heat tolerant
Prunus x 'Okame'
OKAME CHERRY
entire state medium upright 20-30' 15-20' fast deciduous Early spring rosy pink blooms.
Prunus caroliniana
CAROLINA CHERRYLAUREL*
7, 8 medium oval 20-30' 15-20' fast broad-leaved evergreen Susceptible to ice damage.
Prunus cerasifera
'Thundercloud'
PURPLELEAF PLUM
entire state medium upright 20-30' 15-20' medium deciduous Purplish foliage.
Prunus mume
JAPANESE APRICOT
entire state medium irregular 15-20' 10-15' slow deciduous Blooms very early in spring.
Prunus serralata
'Kwanzan'
KWANZAN CHERRY
6, 7 medium rounded 20-30' 15-20' medium deciduous Deep pink double blooms.
Prunus subhirtella var. autumnalis
FALL BLOOMING CHERRY
6b, 7 medium spreading 20-30' 15-25' medium deciduous Specimen.
Prunus x yedoensis
YOSHINO CHERRY
6b, 8a medium weeping 30-40' 15-20' medium deciduous Specimen.
Quercus myrsinifolia
CHINESE EVERGREEN OAK
7, 8 medium oval 30-40' 20-30' slow broad-leaved evergreen Screen, specimen or small street tree.
Salix babylonica
WEEPING WILLOW
entire state fine weeping 30-40' 25-35' fast deciduous Specimen.
Salix matsudana
'Tortuosa'
CONTORTED WILLOW
entire state fine weeping 20-30' 10-15' medium to fast deciduous Short-lived.
Sabal palmetto
CABBAGE PALMETTO
8 coarse upright 30-40' 8-10' medium evergreen palm Specimen, groups.
Vitex agnus-castus
CHASTETREE
entire state fine vase-shaped, spreading 10-15' 10-15' fast deciduous Blue flowers in mid summer. White and pink flower forms available.
* Denotes native Georgia plant throughout this table.
Large tree

Large Trees - 40 Feet and Up . . .

In the deep South, the foliage of trees provides protection from the hot summer sun, making them a welcome addition to the landscape. They are the largest and the most permanent plant in the landscape. Therefore, large trees should be chosen with care.

Hardiness and disease and insect resistance are important considerations. Some of the trees commonly planted in Georgia should not be used because of undesirable characteristics.

Trees are important in parks and naturalistic developments, useful for screening and windbreaks, and provide shade and ornament for streets and highways. Many large trees may be used for specimens, displaying outstanding form, foliage or flowers. Another ornamental value of some large deciduous trees is fall color.

. . . and Their Characteristics

Botanical Name
and
COMMON NAME
Georgia's Hardy Zone Texture Form Height Spread Growth Rate Class Remarks
Acer rubrum
'Franks Red'
RED SUNSET RED MAPLE
6b, 7 medium rounded 45-50' 35-40' medium deciduous Shade tree with bright red fall color.
Acer rubrum
'October Glory'
OCTOBER GLORY
RED MAPLE
entire state medium oval rounded 40-50' 25-35' medium deciduous Shade tree with excellent late red fall color.
Acer saccharum
SUGAR MAPLE*
6b, 7 medium oval 50-60' 25-40' medium to fast deciduous Yellow to reddish fall color. Shade tree.
Acer saccharum
ssp. floridanum
SOUTHERN SUGAR MAPLE*
entire state medium oval 40-50' 25-35' medium to fast deciduous Shade tolerant. Usually yellow fall color.
Acer saccharum
'Legacy'
LEGACY SUGAR MAPLE
6b, 7 medium oval 40-50' 25-35' medium deciduous Drought resistant with dark green leathery leaves.
Betula nigra
'BNMTF'
DURA-HEAT RIVER BIRCH
entire state medium oval 40-50' 30-40' fast deciduous Specimen with good heat tolerance.
Betula nigra
'Cully'
HERITAGE RIVER BIRCH
entire state medium oval 40-50' 25-35' fast deciduous Specimen.
Carpinus betulus
'Fastigiata'
UPRIGHT EUROPEAN HORNBEAM
6b, 7 medium oval-vase 30-40' 20-30' medium deciduous Narrow when young, spreads with age.
Carya illinoinsesis
PECAN
entire state medium rounded 50-60' 30-40' medium deciduous Nuts and shade. Branches subject to breakage.
Cedrus atlantica
ATLAS CEDAR
6b, 7 fine to medium pyramidal 60-80' 25-30' slow to medium evergreen conifer Specimen tree.
Celtis laevigata
SUGAR HACKBERRY*
entire state medium upright to rounded 60-80' 25-35' medium deciduous Street and shade tree.
Cercidiphyllum japonicum
KATSURA TREE
6b, 7 medium upright 40-60' 30-40' medium deciduous Shade tree, requires ample moisture.
Cinnamomum lanceolata
CAMPHORTREE
8b medium oval 40-50' 20-30' fast broad-leaved evergreen Screening. May self sow.
Cryptomeria japonica
'Yoshino'
JAPANESE CRYTOMERIA
entire state fine pyramidal 50-60' 20-30' fast evergreen conifer Specimen and screening.
Cupressocyparis leylandii
LEYLAND CYPRESS
entire state fine pyramidal 50-60' 20-30' fast evergreen conifer Specimen and screening.
Fagus grandifolia
AMERICAN BEECH*
entire state coarse rounded 60-80' 35-45' medium deciduous Shade tree.
Ginkgo biloba
GINKGO or MAIDEN HAIR TREE
entire state medium irregular 50-70' 30-40' very slow deciduous Yellow fall color. Specimen. Select male trees.
Liquidambar styracifula
SWEETGUM*
entire state coarse oval 60-80' 40-50' fast deciduous Yellow to orange to purple fall color. Specimen.
Liriodendron tulipfera
TULIPTREE or YELLOW POPLAR*
entire state coarse pyramidal 80-100' 30-40' fast deciduous Shade tree, needs adequate moisture.
Magnolia grandiflora
SOUTHERN MAGNOLIA*
entire state coarse horizontal branching pyramidal 60-80' 40-50' slow to medium broad-leaved evergreen Specimen with large white flowers.
Magnolia grandiflora
'Bracken's Brown Beauty'
BRACKEN'S BROWN BEAUTY MAGNOLIA
entire state course pyramidal 40-60' 15-30' medium broad-leaved evergreen Compact, dense pyramidal specimen.
Metasequoia glyptostroboides
DAWN REDWOOD
6b, 7 fine upright 80-100' 25-30' fast deciduous conifer Specimen or screen, tolerant of wet sites.
Nyssa sylvatica
BLACK TUPELO*
entire state medium oval 40-50' 25-30' medium deciduous Naturalistic gardens.
Pinus elliottii
SLASH PINE*
8 medium horizontal branching 80-100' 15-20' fast evergreen conifer Mass plantings.
Pinus palustris
LONGLEAF PINE*
8 medium horizontal branching 80-100' 20-25' fast evergreen conifer Mass plantings.
Pinus strobus
WHITE PINE*
6b, 7 medium pyramidal 50-80' 20-40' medium evergreen conifer Specimen or screening tree.
Pinus taeda
LOBLOLLY PINE*
entire state medium horizontal branching 60-80' 20-30' fast evergreen conifer Mass plantings and screening.
Platanus occidentalis
SYCAMORE or PLANETREE*
entire state coarse upright 80-100' 40-50' fast deciduous Shade tree.
Platanus x acerifolia
LONDON PLANETREE
entire state coarse upright 70-100' 50-60' fast deciduous Shade tree with urban tolerance.
Quercus alba
WHITE OAK*
entire state medium to coarse rounded 60-100' 40-60' slow deciduous Shade tree, difficult to transplant.
Quercus coccinea
SCARLET OAK*
entire state medium rounded 60-80' 30-40' medium deciduous Scarlet fall color. Shade.
Quercus falcata
SOUTHERN RED OAK*
entire state coarse rounded 70-80' 30-60' medium deciduous Sheds old leaves in early spring. Shade tree.
Quercus hemisphaerica
LAUREL OAK or DARLINGTON OAK*
7, 8 medium rounded 60-80' 40-60' medium semi-evergreen Drought tolerant street tree.
Quercus laurifolia
SWAMP LAUREL OAK*
7, 8 medium rounded 60-80' 30-40' medium semi-evergreen Shade. Sheds leaves earlier than Laurel Oak.
Quercus lyrata
OVERCUP OAK*
entire state medium rounded 40-60' 30-40' medium deciduous Transplants well, adapts to poor sites. Strong oval form when young.
Quercus nigra
WATER OAK*
entire state medium rounded 50-80' 40-50' medium to fast deciduous Shade tree.
Quercus nuttallii
NUTTALL OAK
entire state medium rounded 40-60' 30-40' fast deciduous Shade tree with red fall color. Transplants well.
Quercus palustris
PIN OAK
6b, 7 medium pyramidal 50-60' 25-40' medium deciduous Shade or specimen tree.
Quercus phellos
WILLOW OAK*
entire state fine rounded 40-60' 30-60' medium deciduous Yellow fall color, shade tree.
Quercus shumardii
SHUMARD OAK*
entire state medium pyramidal to rounded 60-80' 50-60' medium deciduous Russet red fall color. Good street tree.
Quercus virginiana
LIVE OAK*
7, 8 medium rounded, spreading 40-80' 60-100' medium broad-leaved evergreen Shade or specimen tree.
Taxodium distichum
BALD CYPRESS*
entire state fine pyramidal 50-70' 20-30' medium deciduous Specimen with small bright green leaves.
Tsuga canadensis
CANADIAN HEMLOCK*
6b, 7 fine to medium pyramidal 40-70' 25-35' medium evergreen conifer Specimen, screening. Best in filtered shade in piedmont.
Ulmus parvifolia
TRUE CHINESE ELM or LACEBARK ELM
entire state fine to medium vase shaped 40-60' 30-40' fast deciduous Quick shade. Often con-fused with Siberian elm.
Ulmus parvifolia
'Elmer I'
ATHENA LACEBARK ELM
entire state fine rounded 30-40' 40-55' fast deciduous Specimen or shade for urban areas. Drought tolerant and pest free.
Ulmus parvifolia
'Elmer II'
ALLEE LACEBARK ELM
entire state fine vase shaped 50-75' 40-60' fast deciduous Specimen or shade for urban areas. Drought tolerant and pest free.

Zelkova serrata
'Green Vase'
GREEN VASE JAPANESE ZELKOVA

entire state fine to medium vase shaped 60-80' 40-60' fast deciduous Shade or street tree with fast growth.
Zelkova serrata
'Village Green'
VILLAGE GREEN JAPANESE ZELKOVA
entire state fine to medium vase shaped 40-60' 30-40' fast deciduous Excellent street tree with rusty red fall color.
* Denotes native Georgia plant throughout this table.

Appreciation is expressed to Thomas Williams, Jr., Head, Extension Landscape Department (retired), The University of Georgia, on whose work portions of this publication are based. Also to Gerald E. Smith, Extension Horticulturist (retired), University of Georgia, for helpful suggestions in the original revision. To Will Corley, Georgia Experiment Station (retired), for information pertaining to ornamental grasses, and to other individuals and organizations who contributed information. Appreciation also to the following for artwork: Gregg Coyle, Associate Professor of Landscape Architecture, the Extension Art Department and Howard Ellis, former intern in Extension Landscape Architecture Department.

Reviewed on Feb 13, 2013