Cobb Master Gardener News
By JoAnne Newman
Cobb County Master Gardeners Receive International Master Gardener Award
Cobb County Master Gardeners Linda Hlozansky and Crystal (Cris) Force received the 2019 Search for Excellence: First Place Award for Research at the International Master Gardener Annual Conference held in Valley Forge, Pa. The Search for Excellence Award program recognizes outstanding contributions by Cooperative Extension Master Gardener volunteers throughout the United States, Canada, and South Korea. Entitled the “No-Till Mycorrhizal Sweet Potato Garden Experiment,” Force and Hlozansky experimented growing sweet potatoes at the historic Mable House kitchen garden over the course of two years, 2017 and 2018. They tested the effectiveness of the “No-Till” method of gardening as opposed to the traditional 20th century method of tilling the soil before planting. They also tested the effectiveness of applying naturally occurring mycorrhizal fungi to the soil instead of chemicals. The third test was to determine the effectiveness of planting a cover crop after harvest. Effectiveness was measured in pounds of sweet potatoes grown using each of the test categories, and the results were dramatic.
The garden plot was divided in half. In one growing season (summer of 2017) half the garden was designated “No-Till,” meaning planted without turning the soil, and was inoculated with mycorrhizal fungi. No chemicals were applied. The other side was tilled and planted without the use of chemicals. Mushroom compost, bone meal and manure were applied to both sides equally. At the time of harvest, the No-Till with mycorrhizal side produced 96 lbs. of sweet potatoes versus only 45 lbs. of potatoes on the tilled side.
In the second growing season (summer of 2018) both sides of the garden were left untilled and both sides were treated with mycorrhizal fungi. A “high diversity mix” cover crop (mixture of a variety of annual grasses and seeds) was planted prior to the second growing season on both sides of the garden. Again, results were dramatic. The No-Till side of the garden treated with the fungi for two years, produced 191 lbs. of sweet potatoes, and the side treated for one season produced 129 lbs.! The cover crop was responsible for an additional 33 lb. of sweet potatoes in the harvest of 2018.
Based on their observations, Force and Hlozansky theorize that tilling and the application of chemicals were not only unnecessary to producing a bountiful crop, but also not as effective as leaving the soil untilled, adding mycorrhizal fungi to the soil and growing a cover crop.
There are seven categories in which Master Gardeners may submit their award applications. In order to qualify, applicants must demonstrate that significant learning took place, whether by the Master Gardeners themselves or the general public.
The Master Gardener Volunteers of Cobb County (MGVOCC) supports the University of Georgia Cooperative Extension Service and strives to improve the quality of life in the community through delivering research - based horticultural information, educational programs and projects.
· For more information on the Master Gardener program visit www.cobbmastergardeners.com or call the Cobb County Extension Service, 770.528.4070
· For additional information on this project contact the Master Gardener Volunteers of Cobb County at: firstname.lastname@example.org.