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Publications on Well Water

18 publications were found.

  • Community and School Gardens Series: Sources of Water for the Garden (C 1027-11)

    This publication discusses the advantages and disadvantages of various sources of water for a community or school garden, including municipal water, rivers or creeks, ponds, wells and rainwater. Published on Aug 31, 2016.

  • Drinking Water: Interpretation and Recommendations (B 1441)

    An estimated 1.7 million people in Georgia rely on 640,000 private wells for their drinking water supply. The Georgia Environmental Protection Division enforces EPA's drinking water quality standards for human consumption in public water supplies according to the Federal Safe Drinking Water Act. However, private wells are not regulated. Consequently, private well water users are responsible for ensuring the quality and safety of their water supplies for domestic, livestock, and irrigation use.

    This online tool provides interpretations and recommendations for drinking water quality. The user enters the test results from a water testing laboratory, then interpretation of data is automatically given. This tool also provides recommendations to the user when necessary.

    The tool can be found at Published on Apr 3, 2015.

  • Environmental Policy Statements: Explaining What You Do, How You Do It, and Where You Want To Go (C 959)

    By drafting an environmental policy statement, you can begin to "flesh out" what is likely already understood and practiced on your
    farm, and also provide a framework for future
    improvement and resource conservation. Published on Jun 29, 2014.

  • Household Water Quality Series: Arsenic in Your Water (C 858-12)

    Arsenic in your drinking water poses a threat to your health. Since private systems are more susceptible to arsenic than public water systems, private well owners should take steps to guard their health. Measures include routine water supply testing and wellhead maintenance and protection. Published on Mar 31, 2017.

  • Household Water Quality Series: Coliform Bacteria in Your Water (C 858-7)

    This publication contains information about identifying and controlling coliform bacteria in household water. Published on Mar 31, 2017.

  • Household Water Quality Series: Disinfecting Your Well Water: Shock Chlorination (C 858-4)

    Shock chlorination is the process by which home water systems such as wells, springs, and cisterns are disinfected using household liquid bleach (or chlorine). Shock chlorination is the most widely recommended means of treating bacterial contamination in home water systems. This publication contains guidelines for safely and effectively using shock chlorination -- a standard treatment for sanitizing your well system. Published on Sep 30, 2016.

  • Household Water Quality Series: Home Water Quality and Treatment (C 858-3)

    The quality of your water supply can have both an immediate and a prolonged effect on the health of your household. Many Americans, especially those dependent upon well water, assume that their water is safe and healthy. Unfortunately, this is not always the case. This publication contains basic information about home water quality and treatment. Published on Sep 30, 2016.

  • Hydrogen Sulfide and Sulfate cover image Household Water Quality Series: Hydrogen Sulfide and Sulfate (C 858-8)

    This publication describes hydrogen sulfide and sulfate and its effects on household water quality. Published on Jun 30, 2014.

  • Household Water Quality Series: Iron and Manganese (C 858-11)

    Elevated levels of iron (Fe) and manganese (Mn) are two of the most common water quality problems in Georgia's groundwater. This circular addresses problems associated with high levels of these two elements, levels considered to be a problem, and treatment options to remove the iron or manganese. Published on Jan 31, 2015.

  • Household Water Quality Series: Protecting Your Well and Wellhead (C858-1)

    If you are one of the many Americans who use groundwater for drinking,
    the proper protection of your well and wellhead is essential for the health of your family, yourself and your neighbors. This publication contains information about protecting your well and wellhead from contaminants. Published on Sep 30, 2016.

  • Household Water Quality Series: Radon in Your Water (C 858-16)

    Radon is a naturally occurring, radioactive gas formed from the decay of uranium and radium found in geologic deposits. Exposure to radon gas most commonly occurs through elevated levels in home air. However, in Georgia and neighboring states there is a lesser, though still significant, risk of exposure to radon dissolved in drinking water. This circular addresses the issues on its occurrence, human exposure pathways, testing, interpretations, and remediation strategies. Published on Dec 31, 2015.

  • Removal of Hydrogen Sulfide and Sulfate cover image Household Water Quality Series: Removal of Hydrogen Sulfide and Sulfate (C 858-15)

    This publication explains how to identify and remove hydrogen sulfide and sulfate from household water. Published on Jun 30, 2014.

  • Household Water Quality Series: Testing for Water Quality (C 858-2)

    The quality and safety of drinking water is of great concern to many Americans today because of an increased interest in health and environmental quality. This new focus on water quality has led many Americans to consider testing their water. This publication is intended to help you understand water testing and to identify the tests needed. Published on Sep 30, 2016.

  • Iron (Manganese) and Sulfur Bacteria in Your Well Water (B 1457)

    Presence of bacteria in your drinking water supply does not necessarily pose a health hazard. Certain types of bacteria in household water are more of a nuisance issue. Your water may test negative for coliform and E. coli, but it may still contain other bacteria, typically nuisance bacteria. The two most common types of nuisance bacteria are iron (manganese) and sulfur bacteria. Iron (manganese) bacteria are generally more common than sulfur bacteria because large amounts of iron can be present in ground water. Iron and sulfur bacteria can live together in a household water supply system, so it can be very difficult to determine whether the problem is from one or the other, or both.

    Water tests looking for the presence of iron bacteria are seldom recommended and are generally not required. Instead, the confirmation of the presence of iron bacteria is usually based on visual inspection. The unmistakable “rotten egg” odor of hydrogen sulfide gas is the most obvious sign of a sulfur bacteria problem.

    Once iron bacteria are well established in a household water supply system, their complete elimination is extremely difficult or even impossible. Preventive measures are more critical and effective than corrective actions. This publication includes some simple preventive measures as well as control and treatment options. Published on Mar 31, 2016.

  • Removal of Arsenic From Household Water (C 996)

    Arsenic in your drinking water may damage your health. Because arsenic in household well water is usually dissolved from natural rock in the aquifer, water treatment is the only way to eliminate it. This publication describes methods for removing arsenic from household drinking water. Published on Mar 31, 2017.

  • Water Quality and Common Treatments for Private Drinking Water Systems (B 939)

    An abundant supply of clean, safe drinking water is essential for human and animal health. Water from municipal or public water systems is treated and monitored to ensure that it is safe for human consumption. Many Georgia residents, especially in rural areas, rely on private water systems for human and livestock consumption. Most private water systems are supplied by wells. Water from wells in Georgia is generally safe for consumption without treatment. Some waters, however, may contain disease-causing organisms that make them unsafe to drink. Well waters may also contain large amounts of minerals, making them too “hard” for uses such as laundering, bathing or cooking. Some contaminants may cause human health hazards and others can stain clothing and fixtures, cause objectionable tastes and odors, or corrode pipes and other system components. Published on Jul 31, 2014.

  • Your Household Water Quality: Odors in Your Water cover image Your Household Water Quality: Odors in Your Water (C 1016)

    Homeowners sometimes experience unpleasant odors in their household water. In many cases, the exact cause of the odor is difficult to determine by water testing; however, this publication provides a few general recommendations for treating some common causes of household water odors. Published on Mar 31, 2017.

Unavailable Publications

The following publications are under review and are not currently available. Contact the author(s) or publications editors for more information.