Publications on Lawn Maintenance
44 publications were found.
Annual Bluegrass Control Programs for Georgia Lawns
Annual bluegrass (Poa annua) is the most problematic winter weed of lawns in Georgia. Plants have a light green color, coarse leaf texture, and produce unsightly seedheads. Annual bluegrass germinates in fall, overwinters in a vegetative state, and resumes active growth in spring. Competitive growth of populations causes stand thinning of desirable turfgrasses that may predispose lawns to invasion by summer annual weeds, such as crabgrass (Digitaria spp.). Annual bluegrass typically dies out by May in Georgia, but cool temperatures in spring and regular irrigation may extend survival of populations into early summer.
Annual bluegrass is the most problematic winter weed of lawns in Georgia. Turf managers have experienced difficulty controlling annual bluegrass due to the spread of biotypes with resistance to pre- and post-emergence herbicides. This publication covers annual bluegrass identification, establishment, and cultural control for lawns. The development, detection, and control of herbicide-resistant annual bluegrass is also discussed. Published on Nov 30, 2016.
Annual Bluegrass Control in Residential Turfgrass
Annual bluegrass (Poa annua L.) is a problematic winter annual weed in residential turf. Compared to most turfgrasses, annual bluegrass has a lighter green color, coarser leaf texture and produces unsightly seedheads. Contrary to its name, both annual (live for one season) and perennial (live for many seasons) biotypes of annual bluegrass may be found in turf. This publication describes methods of control for annual bluegrass in residential turfgrass lawns. Published on Jun 29, 2014.
Basic Principles of Pruning Woody Plants
Pruning is one of the most important cultural practices for maintaining woody plants, including ornamental trees and shrubs, fruits and nuts. Proper pruning requires a basic understanding of how plants respond to various pruning cuts. The principles and guidelines in this publication will help you master common pruning techniques. Published on Feb 28, 2015.
Bermudagrass in Georgia
Bermudagrass (Cynodon spp.) is an important warm-season, perennial, sod-forming forage grass in Georgia and throughout the Southeast. Bermudagrass is productive from spring until fall and is well-suited for grazing or hay production. Several varieties of bermudagrass are used in Georgia, ranging from common bermudagrass to the high-yielding, good quality hybrid bermudagrasses. The best variety to use depends on your location in the state and the intended use. Published on Mar 31, 2017.
Best Management Practices in the Landscape
Research has shown that if you properly select, install and maintain ornamental plant, you greatly increase their survival and performance in the landscape. Following BMPs (Best Management Practices) not only conserve moisture in the landscape but will assure overall health and vigor of the ornamental plants. Published on Nov 30, 2016.
Centipedegrass is ideal for the homeowner who wants a lawn that needs little care. It can be established by either seed or vegetative parts and does not require much fertilizer. Compared to other lawn grasses, it is moderately resistant to insects and diseases. Although centipedegrass is a relatively low maintenance grass, proper management is still required. Published on Jun 30, 2014.
Chainsaw Safety Tips
This publication discusses tips for purchasing the correct chainsaw for your needs and how to use it safely. Published on Jun 29, 2014.
Composting: Recycling Landscape Trimmings
Citizens throughout Georgia are recycling newspaper, cans, glass and plastic in an effort to divert these materials from the waste stream. Another important part of waste reduction involves recycling leaves, lawn clippings, and tree and shrub trimmings instead of placing them curbside for the county or municipality to pick up. These landscape riches from Mother Nature can be easily recycled and turned into nutrient-rich organic matter right in your backyard through a process called composting. Published on Mar 31, 2017.
Control of Lace Bugs on Ornamental Plants
Lace bug damage to the foliage of trees and shrubs detracts greatly from the plants' beauty, reduces the plants' ability to produce food, reduces the plants' vigor ad causes the plant to be more susceptible to damage by other insects, diseases or unfavorable weather conditions. Repeated, heavy infestations of lace bugs may be the primary cause of plant death. Published on Feb 28, 2015.
Controlling Moss and Algae in Turf
Occasionally, turfgrass areas begin to thin out and moss and algae start to form. These primitive plants develop because conditions for growing dense, healthy turf have declined. This publication gives you preventive practices and chemical suppression tips for controlling moss and algae in turf. Published on Mar 31, 2017.
Designing, Constructing and Maintaining Bermudagrass Sports Fields
This for-sale publication describes everything you need to know about designing, constructing and maintaining bermudagrass sports fields. It is available for purchase here: http://www.caes.uga.edu/publications/for_sale.cfm Published on Aug 30, 2014.
Developing a WaterSmart Landscape
A water smart landscape is more than just water-efficient. It's a landscape that has been carefully designed, properly installed and managed to reduce pollution, improve conservation and ensure year-round beauty. Published on Jun 29, 2014.
Dollar Spot of Turfgrasses in Georgia: Identification and Control
Dollar spot is an ever-present turfgrass disease that affects all warm and cool season grasses in the state of Georgia. The publication contains important information on the biology of the causal agent, detail description of the disease symptoms (aided by high quality-detailed pictures), relevant up-to-date information on conditions favoring the disease, as well as cultural, genetic and chemical methods of control. The publication is intended for turfgrass professionals, consultants, county faculty, homeowners and general public. Published on Jul 31, 2016.
Fall Gardening: A Collection of Information and Resources
This publication is an annually-updated guide to fall gardening information and resources for Georgia. Topics include planting tall fescue lawns, soil bag flower beds, planting pansies like the pros, planting collards, turnips and cabbage, planting a home fruit orchard, mulching with leaves, gardening chores, cleaning and storing garden tools, treating for fire ants, and additional resources. Published on Jul 1, 2997.
Grasscycling: Let the Clippings Fall Where They May
Grasscycling is the natural recycling of grass clippings by leaving them on the lawn after mowing. Grasscycling saves time, effort and, when done properly, is good for the environment and health of the grass. This publication describes the process of grasscycling, a practical and environmentally responsible way of recycling grass clippings in the landscape. Published on Apr 30, 2017.
Gray Leaf Spot in Georgia Turfgrass: Identification and Control
In the state of Georgia, gray leaf spot (GLS) primarily affects St. Augustinegrass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) and is particularly chronic and damaging in the coastal area of the state. This publication contains important information on the biology of the causal agent, detailed description of the disease symptoms (aided by high-quality, detailed pictures), relevant up-to-date information on conditions favoring the disease, as well as cultural, genetic, and chemical methods of control. The publication is intended for turfgrass professionals, consultants, county faculty, homeowners, and the general public. Published on Jun 30, 2017.
Identification and Control of Spring Dead Spot in Georgia
Spring dead spot (SDS) is a persistent and destructive disease of bermudagrass (Cynodon sp.) in Georgia. The disease can be problematic on lawns, landscapes, golf courses (bermudagrass greens, tees and fairways) and sports fields. The disease is particularly prevalent and damaging in north Georgia, especially in the Piedmont region. However, SDS can be observed throughout the state after harsh winters and in areas where bermudagrass has been exposed to freezing temperatures for extended periods of time. The disease has also been observed in zoysiagrass, although less frequently. This publication explains how to identify and control Spring Dead Spot in lawns in Georgia. Published on Nov 30, 2014.
Irrigation for Lawns and Gardens
In order to maintain a lush, green lawn and productive garden, supplemental water in the form of irrigation is often needed during peak water use periods. Two basic types of irrigation are suitable for the home landscape: sprinkler irrigation and drip (or trickle) irrigation. This publication contains comprehensive information about irrigating lawns and gardens. Published on Jun 29, 2014.
Landscape Basics: Designing a Quality Control Program for Your Company
Well-groomed landscapes are often a result of considerable effort by landscape companies. Employees make them happen with routine care and, above all, attention to detail. A quality landscape and the image employees present on the job speak highly of the professionalism of the firm. Quality control (QC) is everyone's responsibility and an essential part of a landscaper's job. This publication describes the basics of creating and implementing a successful quality control program for your landscaping company. Published on Feb 28, 2016.
Lespedeza Identification and Control in Turfgrass
This publication describes ways to identify and control Lespedeza in turfgrass, including cultural control methods, preemergence herbicides and postemergence herbicides. Published on Nov 30, 2014.
Make Every Drop Count: Xeriscape - Seven Steps to a Water-Wise Landscape
A landscape designed, installed and managed according to Xeriscaping's seven steps uses up to 50% less water than a traditional landscape. And, a well-designed water-wise is just as attractive as a traditional landscape. Published on Jun 29, 2014.
Managing Imported Fire Ants in Urban Areas
Imported fire ants interfere with outdoor activities and harm wildlife throughout the southern U.S. Ant mounds are unsightly and may reduce land values. Although fire ants do prey on flea larvae, chinch bugs, cockroach eggs, ticks and other pests, the problems they cause usually outweigh any benefits in urban areas. While it is not possible to eradicate this species, controlling fire ants is highly desirable. The best control programs use a combination of non-chemical and chemical methods that are effective, economical and least harmful to the environment. Published on Dec 31, 2016.
Mole Crickets in Turf
Mole crickets are serious pests of Georgia turf. Estimates of mole cricket losses in commercial, recreational and residential sod now exceed $20 million annually. Weather and soil conditions in Georgia’s Coastal Plain region are ideal for mole crickets, and damage continues to increase. Published on Jun 29, 2014.
Professional Grounds Management Calendar
This publication is a monthly guide for professional managers of commercial, recreational, municipal, institutional or private grounds in Georgia. Published on Feb 28, 2016.
Pruning Ornamental Plants in the Landscape
This publication provides guidelines for proper pruning that may help assure healthy vigorous plants and lasting landscape beauty. First, we'll discuss the three basic Ts for successful pruning: tools, technique and timing. Then we'll examine the pruning requirements of specific ornamental plants in the home landscape. Published on Feb 28, 2015.
Soil Testing for Home Lawns, Gardens and Wildlife Food Plots
Developing and maintaining productive soils begin with soil testing. Soils tests provide information on the soil's actual nutrient status. Test results are used to determine the amount and kind of nutrients that should be added for the best growth of lawn, garden, and other types of plants. Published on Oct 31, 2015.
Spanish Series: Control de Bermuda en Céspedes Residenciales del Sudeste de los EEUU
La bermuda es una planta perenne de estación cálida ampliamente utilizada para su uso como césped en el sudeste de los Estados Unidos.
[Although improved common (Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.) and hybrid bermudagrasses (Cynodon dactylon x C. transvaalensis Burtt-Davy) have desirable qualities as turfgrasses for heat, drought and wear tolerance, bermudagrass is a problematic weed when grown in mixed stands with other turf species. Selective control of bermudagrass is difficult but often warranted in order to maintain acceptable quality of the desired turfgrass species. This publication describes bermudagrass control methods for Southern lawns.] Published on Jun 29, 2014.
Spanish Series: Enfermedades de Céspedes: Guia de Referencia Rapida
Agente causal, céspedes susceptibles,condiciones que promueven la enfermedad, síntomas y control de mancha parda, mancha dólar, quemazón por Pythium, mancha foliar por Helminthosporium, marchitamiento por Curvularia, mancha foliar gris, anillo de hada, enfermedad toma-todo o pudrición radicular por Gaeumannomyces, roya, hongos gelatinosos y nematodos.
[Causal agent, susceptible turfgrasses, conditions promoting disease, symptoms and control of brown patch, dollar spot, Pythium, Helminthosporium leaf spot, fading out, gray leaf spot, fairy ring, take-all root rot, rust, slime mold and nematodes.] Published on Apr 30, 2015.
Spanish Series: Enfermedades de los Céspedes en Georgia: Identificación y Control
Esta publicación es una guía completa para la identificación y control de enfermedades de los céspedes en Georgia. Enfermedades incluyen: mancha "dólar"; anillos de hada; pudrición radicular "toma-todo"; Mancha parda/Mancha larga por Rhizoctonia Royas; Mancha foliar o decaimiento por Curvularia; quemazón o mancha foliar gris; antracnosis; hongos gelatinosos; y pudrición radicular por Pythium/quemazón por Pythium. La publicación también incluye una guía sistemática para el diagnóstico de enfermedades de céspedes; un clave simplificada para la identificación de enfermedades de céspedes; y el calendario de enfermedades de céspedes en Georgia.
[This publication is a comprehensive guide to identifying and controlling turfgrass diseases in Georgia. Diseases include: dollar spot, fairy rings, take-all root rot, brown patch/large patch, rust, leaf spot/melting out, gray leaf spot, anthracnose, slime mold, and pythium root rot/pythium blight. The publication also includes a systematic approach to diagnosis of turfgrass diseases, a simplified turfgrass disease identification key, and the Georgia turfgrass disease calendar.] Published on Jan 31, 2017.
Spanish Series: Identificación y Control de Lespedeza en Céspedes
La lespedeza común (Kummerowia striata (Thunb.) Schind syn. Lespedeza striata) es una leguminosa anual de verano sin organización en sus ramificaciones, que es una maleza problemática en céspedes de jardines residenciales así como en otras áreas de césped.
[Common lespedeza (Kummerowia striata (Thunb.) Schind syn. Lespedeza striata) is a freely branched, summer annual legume that is a problematic weed in lawns and other turf areas. This publication describes ways to identify and control Lespedeza in turfgrass, including cultural control methods, preemergence herbicides and postemergence herbicides.] Published on Jun 29, 2014.
Ten Steps to a Healthier Home Lawn
The key to disease control is a healthy plant. Under proper turfgrass management, disease-causing conditions are often reduced and healthy turf is maintained. The following management practices will help achieve vigorous, healthy turf and reduce turfgrass disease problems. Published on Sep 30, 2014.
The Truth about Slime Molds, Spanish Moss, Lichens and Mistletoe
This publication contains basic information about slime molds, Spanish moss, lichens and mistletoe. Published on Jun 29, 2014.
Turfgrass Diseases in Georgia: Identification and Control
This publication is a comprehensive guide to identifying and controlling turfgrass diseases in Georgia. Published on Jan 31, 2017.
Turfgrass Fertility Series: Turfgrass Fertility: Soil Texture, Organic Matter, Aeration, and pH
Successful lawn care requires a basic understanding of soil properties. A healthy plant starts with healthy soil. Soil is a complex relationship of soil minerals, organic matter, soil inhabiting organisms, and plants along with water and air. Understanding when and how to aerate the soil and understanding what pH is and how it affects plant health is essential for turfgrass health. This publication aims to help homeowners and landscape professionals improve soil fertility through the techniques discussed. Published on Nov 7, 2014.
Turfgrass Fertility Series: Turfgrass Fertility: Understanding Fertilizer Labels, Macronutrients, and Micronutrients
A regular fertilization program is important to maintain healthy, attractive turf and should include applying the correct analysis of fertilizer, using the correct amount, and fertilizing at the proper time. Turfgrasses require a number of nutrients for growth. Three of these—carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen—are rarely lacking because grasses get these elements from carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and water from the soil.
The remaining eighteen essential elements are also obtained from the soil. Nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) are needed in the highest concentrations. These major elements are commonly supplemented with fertilizer. The three numbers on the front of fertilizer bags are often called the ''N-P-K" numbers.
In addition to these major nutrients, secondary nutrients and micronutrients are also essential for plant growth. Understanding fertilizer terminology and the different types of nitrogen sources is important when establishing a lawn management plant. Nontraditional or "organic" fertilizers are also an option for homeowners. Published on Jul 31, 2016.
Using Water Wisely with Automated Irrigation Systems
In Georgia, irrigation supplements rainfall and most years, even in summer, irrigation isn't needed every day. With a little careful observation, you can learn to determine your landscape plants' water needs. Published on Jun 29, 2014.
Water-Wise Landscape Guide for the Georgia Piedmont
Do you want a landscape that is beautiful, saves you time, effort and money and uses less water? If you do, a water-wise landscape is for you. Water-wise landscapes are designed, organized, and maintained by practices that use water strategically and wisely. Follow the seven basic steps outlined in this guide to create a beautiful water-wise yard or home garden. Published on Jul 2, 2015.
Weed Control in Home Lawns
Weeds can be major pests of home lawns. Due to differences in color, leaf size, shape and growth habit, weeds detract from the natural beauty of desirable turfgrasses. Additionally, weeds compete with turfgrasses for sunlight, soil moisture, nutrients and space. Many weeds can quickly become the dominant species in a lawn. This publication contains comprehensive information about weed control in home lawns. Published on Mar 31, 2015.
Weeds of Southern Turfgrasses
This is a guide for identification of weeds in the southern United States that will be a valuable resource for golf course superintendents, lawn care companies, roadside managers, sod growers, recreational facility managers, chemical company representatives, Extension agents, vocational agricultural teachers and turfgrass students. The book was developed specifically for turfgrass managers; however, it will be useful to anyone interested in identifying weeds of Southern turfgrasses. Published on Oct 31, 2015.
White Grub Pests of Turfgrass
White grubs are the larvae of scarab beetles. All are C-shaped, white to dirty white in color, with a brownish head and legs. Published on Jun 29, 2014.
Winter Protection of Ornamental Plants
Cold damage to ornamental plants can be a problem during the winter in the Georgia landscape. Regardless of where you live, recommended practices can maximize the chances that your prized landscape plants will survive the winter. Published on Feb 28, 2015.
Winterizing Motorized Garden Equipment
Nothing is more frustrating than pulling your lawn mower or tiller out of the shed from a long winter's nap and not being able to get it to crank. Often, this is the result of improper winterization of equipment. Here is a quick guide on how to properly store small engines longterm, so they will be ready to fire up and perform the next time they are needed. Also covered is how to tell if you have a fuel issue. A checklist for winterizing tools is also included. By following these maintenance steps, your motor will be prepared for long-term storage. Published on Nov 30, 2015.
The following publications are under review and are not currently available. Contact the author(s) or publications editors for more information.