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Publications on Commercial Soil

20 publications were found.

  • Beneficial Reuse of Municipal Biosolids in Agriculture (SB 27)

    Farmers have known for centuries that animal manures spread on pastures and cropland can improve soil fertility. In the 1920s, farmers began to use sludge from municipal wastewater treatment plants as a fertilizer. Through decades of research, the scientific and agricultural communities have come to understand that municipal sludge or "biosolids" contain valuable nutrients and organic matter that improve the soil in a way similar to animal manures. It is important to understand that biosolids are not raw sewage. Biosolids are organic solids that have been treated to stabilize organic matter and reduce disease-causing organisms or pathogens.
    This publication was developed to help answer some common questions regarding the use of biosolids and to give farmers benchmarks for good practices. Published on Apr 30, 2014.

  • Best Management Practices for Wood Ash as Agricultural Soil Amendment (B 1142)

    Ash has been considered a waste product instead of a resource, because few industries have taken advantage of its beneficial properties. Several alternative uses for wood ash have been developed. Land application is one of the best because nutrients taken from the land during harvest are recycled back to the land. Published on Sep 30, 2016.

  • Calibration of Manure Spreaders (C 825)

    This publication primarily focuses on rear discharge, twin spinner spreaders common for poultry litter application in the southeast. Published on Apr 30, 2014.

  • Cation Exchange Capacity and Base Saturation (C 1040)

    Cation exchange capacity (CEC) is a measure of the total negative charges within the soil that adsorb plant nutrient cations such as calcium (Ca2+), magnesium (Mg2+) and potassium (K+). As such, the CEC is a property of a soil that describes its capacity to supply nutrient cations to the soil solution for plant uptake. Published on Mar 31, 2017.

  • Cover Crop Biomass Sampling (C 1077)

    Cover crops are one of the most important practices that farmers can use to improve their soils and the sustainability of their production system. Knowing how much biomass there is in a field is a critical piece of information for cover crop management. Part 1 of this circular provides a step-by-step guide to taking a sample that will be representative of your field. Part 2 provides additional steps for preparing a fresh cover crop sample to send to the Agricultural and Environmental Services Laboratory so it can be analyzed to determine nitrogen availability to the following crop. Equation examples and data sheets are also provided in order to help users calculate necessary information for submission using the given formulas. Published on Dec 31, 2015.

  • Determining Lime Requirement Using the Equilibrium Lime Buffer Capacity (C 874)

    Soil pH is an important chemical property because it influences the availability of soil nutrients for plant uptake, and it affects a crop's root system development. Soil pH also indicates whether lime is needed to correct toxicities caused by aluminum and manganese, or to increase calcium levels in the soil. A new method measures the buffering capacity directly. Published on Oct 31, 2015.

  • Environmental Policy Statements: Explaining What You Do, How You Do It, and Where You Want To Go (C 959)

    By drafting an environmental policy statement, you can begin to "flesh out" what is likely already understood and practiced on your
    farm, and also provide a framework for future
    improvement and resource conservation. Published on Apr 30, 2014.

  • Essential pH Management in Greenhouse Crops: pH and Plant Nutrition (B 1256)

    Your goal as a greenhouse grower is to maintain a stable pH over the life of the crop. This is not an easy task since many factors can affect pH in the growing substrate. The pH can go up or down within several weeks of the crop cycle and if you wait for deficiency or toxicity symptoms to develop, you have already compromised the health of the crop and you r profits. Knowing all factors involved is the first step to managing the substrate pH. Published on Feb 28, 2015.

  • Food Waste Composting: Institutional and Industrial Application (B 1189)

    For any business or institution producing food waste, this organic material can be easily decomposed into high quality compost. As landfill space and openings decrease, there will undoubtedly be more pressure to compost food waste along with all organic waste. As tipping fees increase and it becomes prohibitively more expensive to landfill, composting may be an attractive financial alternative as well as a value-added opportunity. Published on Jan 31, 2017.

  • How to Convert an Inorganic Fertilizer Recommendation to an Organic One (C 853)

    Many farmers and gardeners use natural minerals and organic fertilizers rather than synthetic ones to build their soil. If you use organic materials as all or part of your fertilization program, this publication will help you calculate the proper amount to use from the recommendations provided by a soil test. Published on Sep 30, 2014.

  • Recommended Practices for Using Wood Ash as an Agricultural Soil Amendment (B 1147)

    This publication covers a procedure for applying wood ash as a lime substitute on agricultural lands. This method can be used by manufacturers and dealers who wish to supply wood ash or by landowners who wish to receive wood ash. If the practices in this publication are followed, there should be no adverse environmental effects or regulatory consequence from the land application of wood ash. Published on Sep 30, 2016.

  • Selenium in Georgia Soils and Forages: Importance in the Livestock Industry (B 1390)

    This publication highlights the role of selenium in animal nutrition; selenium concentration and distribution in soils and feedstuffs (grains and forages) produced in various parts of the United States and in Georgia; disorders resulting from Selenium deficiency or toxicity; various methods of selenium supplementation; and recommendations for selenium management in Georgia. This publication is intended to serve as an educational resource for university researchers and Extension specialists, county Extension agents and livestock, forage and feed producers, among others. Published on Aug 31, 2014.

  • Simulating Crop Rotations in the Coastal Plain with the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation 2 (C 961)

    Research shows the benefits of using conservation practices such as conservation tillage, vegetated waterways, adding organic soil amendments and reducing tillage operations. Published on Apr 30, 2015.

  • Soil Inoculants (C 990)

    Soil inoculants are used for a variety of reasons. In some cases, we add soil organisms that have a known beneficial effect. A symbiotic relationship is one that is mutually beneficial. In return for the plant feeding the rhizobia carbon from photosynthesis and giving it a home, the bacteria can “fix” atmospheric nitrogen into a form that the plant can use. Published on Apr 30, 2014.

  • Soil Preparation and Planting Procedures for Ornamental Plants in the Landscape (B 932)

    Proper planting is essential for healthy, vigorous growth of ornamental plants in the landscape. It assures rapid plant establishment by providing a favorable environment for the developing root system. This publication offers step-by-step guidelines that will help you achieve planting success. Published on Apr 30, 2014.

  • Soil Salinity Testing, Data Interpretation and Recommendations (C 1019)

    The University of Georgia Agricultural and Environmental Services Laboratories offer soil salinity testing to help farmers and the general public diagnose and manage problems associated with soil salinity. By definition, a saline soil contains excess soluble salts that reduce the growth of most crops or ornamental plants. This publication discusses soil salinity testing, data interpretation and recommendations, specifically those pertaining to the University of Georgia. Published on Oct 31, 2015.

  • Soil Sampling for Precision Management of Crop Production (B 1208)

    While site-specific soil sampling can improve field management, it must be accompanied by the conscientious collection and analysis of data. The new technologies that have elevated precision agriculture into the forefront of farm management cannot offset poor data collection and soil-testing techniques. Inaccurate data on soil properties will inevitably lead to improper management decisions.

    This bulletin addresses three primary factors that can affect the precision management of soil fertility: 1) collecting proper soil-sample cores and the consequences of improper soil sampling, 2) breaking the field into smaller management areas, and 3) differences in test results and recommended application rates between soil-test laboratories. A step-by-step procedure is then presented on how to use variabl e yield goals to develop field maps showing variable application rates o f fertilizers and lime. Published on Mar 30, 2016.

  • Soil Test Handbook for Georgia (SB 62)

    This handbook is designed to serve as a reference guide for the University of Georgia Cooperative Extension personnel and others regarding Georgia's lime and fertilizer recommendations and to provide basic information pertinent to the soil testing program. Published on Apr 30, 2014.

  • Soil Testing: Soil pH and Salt Concentration (C 875)

    Soil pH is one of the most important measurements of soil fertility. Knowing a soil's pH may help in diagnosing nutritional problems of agricultural crops and other plants. Published on Apr 30, 2014.

  • Soil and Fertilizer Management Considerations for Forage Systems in Georgia (B 1346)

    Georgia possesses diverse soil conditions and many forage production factors are influenced by this diversity. As a result, the soil environment of a given site must be considered when selecting forage species, determining fertilization strategies and planning forage utilization systems. This article guides forage producers through the process of exploring their soil's characteristics and sampling the soil in pastures and hayfields for testing, and provides information about specific nutrients and soil amendments relative to forage production practices. Recommendations are also made on how to minimize the economic and environmental risks associated with the addition of nutrients to pasture and hayfields. Published on Nov 30, 2014.