1999 Peanut, Cotton and Tobacco Performance Tests (RR 664) University of Georgia Extension This research report presents the results of the 1999 statewide performance tests of peanut, cotton, and tobacco. The tests for various evaluations were conducted at several or all of the following locations: Tifton, Plains, and Midville in the Coastal Plain region and Athens in the Piedmont region. For identification of the test site locations, consult the map in this report. 2017-03-23 11:57:09.537 2011-02-14 15:24:26.0 1999 Peanut, Cotton and Tobacco Performance Tests | Publications | UGA Extension Skip to content

1999 Peanut, Cotton and Tobacco Performance Tests (RR 664)

J. LaDon Day, Anton E. Coy, Shelby H. Baker, William D. Branch, Stevan S. LaHue, and Larry G. Thompson, Editors

Preface

This research report presents the results of the 1999 statewide performance tests of peanut, cotton, and tobacco. The tests for various evaluations were conducted at several or all of the following locations: Tifton, Plains, and Midville in the Coastal Plain region and Athens in the Piedmont region. For identification of the test site locations, consult the map in this report.

Agronomic information such as plant height, lodging, disease occurrence, etc., is listed along with the yield data. Information concerning planting and harvest dates, soil type, and culture and fertilization practices used in each trial is included in footnotes.

In order to have a broad base of information, a number of varieties, including experimental lines, are included in the trials, but this does not imply that all are recommended for Georgia. Varieties best suited to a specific area or for a particular purpose, and agreed upon by College of Agriculture agronomists, are presented in the 2000 Spring Planting Schedule for Georgia (available from your county extension office). Pesticides used for production practices are included for the benefit of the reader and do not imply any endorsement or preferential treatment by the University of Georgia Agricultural Experiment Station. For additional information, contact your local county extension agent or the nearest experiment station.

The least significant difference (LSD) at the 5 percent level has been included in the tables to aid in comparing hybrids. If the yields of any two hybrids differ by the LSD value or more, they may be considered different in yield ability.

This report is one of five publications presenting the 1999 performance of agronomic crops in Georgia. For more information concerning other crops, refer to one of the following research reports: 1999 Corn Performance Tests (Report 661), 1998-99 Small Grains Performance Tests (Report 659), 1998-99 Canola Performance Tests (Report 660), and 1999 Soybean, Sorghum Grain and Silage, Grain Millet, and Summer Annual Forages Performance Tests (Report 663).

This report, along with performance test information on other crops, is also available at our web site www.swvt.uga.edu. Additional information may be obtained by writing J. LaDon Day, Crop and Soil Sciences Department, University of Georgia, Georgia Station, Griffin, GA 30223-1797.

identification of the test site locations

Cooperators

Dr. C. C. Holbrook, Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton, Georgia
Dr. G. Hoogenboom, Georgia Station, Griffin, Georgia
Mr. S. R. Jones, Southwest Branch Station, Plains, Georgia
Mr. R. D. McNeill, IV, Southeast Branch Station, Midville, Georgia
Mr. C. E. Perry, Southeast Branch Station, Midville, Georgia
Mr. R. R. Pines, Southwest Branch Station, Plains, Georgia
Mr. R. Smith, College Station, Athens, Georgia
Mr. M. G. Stephenson, Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton, Georgia.

Contributors

The following individuals contributed to the gathering of data and to the preparation of this report: M. Flynn, M. Gilmer, D. Gresham, C. Hester, M. Pippin, and W. Tucker.

The Season with 1999 Rainfall

Growing conditions did not improve during 1999 as below normal rainfall and high temperatures occurred across the state. Although dry weather impeded early planting, clear weather in April and May allowed a relatively timely planting of the 1999 Georgia crops. As a result of unfavorable weather, the status of crops remained fair to poor throughout the season and much irrigation was required.

The severe drought conditions that Georgia has been experiencing since April 1998 continued throughout the growing season. Rainfall at the four test sites is listed below. Total seasonal rainfall amounts were below normal at all test locations with one site (Plains, GA) receiving only 60 percent of long-term average.

1999 Rainfall1
Month Athens2 Midville Plains Tifton
----------------------------------- inches ------------------------------
March 2.46 1.57 2.42 1.13
April 1.77 2.75 2.65 2.07
May 3.50 1.62 2.45 2.14
June 5.32 2.87 3.30 7.57
July 2.80 4.79 3.75 4.65
August 2.01 2.30 1.78 1.57
September 2.14 4.53 0.83 2.05
October 3.47 4.27 1.93 0.73
Total 23.47 24.70 19.11 21.91
Normal (8 mo) 32.26 31.17 31.99 32.72
1 Data provided in part by Dr. G. Hoogenboom, Georgia Station, Griffin, GA.
2 Plant Sciences Farm.

Georgia farmers continue to reduce planted acres of some row crops. Tobacco acres were down 20 percent, while acres planted to cotton increased 14 percent over 1998. Peanut acreage remained steady for the 1999 crop year.

Overall, the 1999 growing season was extremely difficult for growers mainly due to high temperatures and very dry soils. Water usage as irrigation was at an all time high and some farmers were at or nearing allocation. Even though irrigation helped, production problems lingered. High temperatures caused boll lock and short staple in cotton. Disease on peanuts and tobacco was prevalent, but the Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus caused the most damage. Some tobacco producers in southern counties experienced Cucumber Mosaic Virus damage.

The harvest season progressed at a rapid rate. An early frost the first week in November was a concern to peanut growers that had recently dug peanuts with high moisture seed. Peanut and tobacco production decreased 8 percent and 30 percent, respectively, from 1998. Cotton production increased slightly at 1 percent more than 1998.

PEANUT

Tifton, Georgia

Yield and Grade Performance Peanut Variety Trial, 1999, Irrigated
Tifton, Georgia
Variety Digging
Date
Yield TSMK
(%)
OK
(%)
DK
(%)
ELK
(%)
Seed
(no./lb)
(lb/A) W-DMRT1
Spanish Types
Georgia Browne 09/02 3706 a 75.3 2.3 0.2 4.3 975
Tamspan 90 08/12 2600 c 70.9 4.0 0.2 3.0 986
Spanco 08/05 1738 fg 67.7 6.0 0.1 3.5 990
Pronto 08/05 1670 g 71.1 4.7 0.2 2.4 1040
Starr 08/05 1489 gh 63.7 10.6 0.2 0.3 1260
Average 08/12 2241   69.7 5.5 0.24 2.7 1050
Valencia Types
GA 9525142  08/12 2908 b 64.5 3.5 0.6 12.0 782
GA 9725272  08/24 2601 c 65.6 2.9 1.0 12.9 748
GA 9725252  08/24 2494 cd 63.2 1.5 1.7 35.5 526
GA 9525122  08/12 2234 de 66.0 2.5 1.5 8.4 788
GA 9525062  08/12 1987 ef 68.7 4.0 0.4 10.7 902
Georgia Red 08/12 1970 ef 69.5 3.0 1.6 14.7 790
Valencia McRan 07/30 1275 h 59.2 9.3 0.5 0.2 1093
N.M. Valencia C 07/30 1269 h 58.0 11.3 0.4 0.4 1085
N.M. Valencia A 07/30 1230 h 58.1 10.9 0.6 0.3 1157
Average   08/10  1996    63.6  5.4  0.9  10.6  875 
1 Waller-Duncan Multiple Range Tests: Yields within the same column followed by the same letter do not differ significantly at the 0.05 level of probability.
2 Advanced Georgia Breeding Line.
Planted: April 13, 1999.
Fertilization: Applied 1 ton/a lime, 500 lb/a 3-9-18, 3.5 lb/a Solubor, and 1500 lb/a gypsum.
Soil Type/Test: Tifton loamy sand; pH = 5.6, P2O5 = 81, K2O = 91, Ca = 264, Mg = 19 lb/a.
Management: Treated with Sonalan+Dual, Temik, Basagran, Lorsban, Folicur (3 sprays), Abound (2 sprays), and Lannate (1 spray).
Digging Date: July 30 Aug. 5 Aug. 12 Aug. 24 Sept. 2      
Rainfall (in.): 18.14 18.23 19.31 19.96 20.48      
Irrigation (in.): 5.50 5.50 5.50 6.30 6.30      
Total (in.): 23.64 23.73 24.81 26.26 26.78      
Runner Types
Georgia Green 09/02 4807 a 75.8 4.4 0.4 11.8 771
GA 9625402  09/20 4504 ab 77.9 1.4 0.7 48.0 723
GA 9425112  09/20 4351 ab 76.4 2.1 1.5 48.4 648
Florida MDR 98 09/20 4081 bc 74.1 2.4 0.5 35.4 711
C-99R 09/20 4029 bc 71.9 1.7 3.4 33.1 623
ViruGard 08/25 3692 cd 73.8 2.4 0.4 31.4 636
Southern Runner 09/20 3649 cd 73.7 3.7 0.4 17.6 831
Georgia Bold 09/02 3419 de 77.3 1.9 0.5 36.6 680
GK-7 High Oleic 09/02 3021 ef 74.7 3.1 1.4 24.6 657
Andru 93 08/25 2811 f 70.7 5.4 0.8 17.4 756
SunOleic 97R 09/02 2786 f 75.0 2.8 0.5 24.2 725
Tamrun 96 09/02 2657 f 70.4 5.6 0.5 20.6 797
Flavor Runner 458 09/02 1724 g 69.4 6.7 2.1 13.5 831
Average  09/08  3502    73.9   3.4  1.0  27.9  722 
Virginia Types
Georgia Hi-O/L 09/02 4515 ab 72.8 1.4 4.2 50.0 510
GA 9425162  09/20 4458 ab 75.9 1.0 2.1 60.5 501
Gregory 09/02 4128 bc 68.6 1.2 3.2 48.5 444
VA-C 92R 09/02 4069 bc 72.1 1.2 2.1 46.3 457
NC-V 11 08/25 3836 cd 70.9 1.6 1.3 34.2 548
VA 98R 08/25 3424 de 69.3 2.3 3.3 33.1 556
NC 7 08/25 2963 ef 67.3 1.4 4.1 43.4 480
NC 12C 08/25 2626 f 70.9 1.3 1.7 48.2 494
Average  08/31  3752    71.0  1.4  2.8  45.5  499 
1 Waller-Duncan Multiple Range Tests: Yields within the same column followed by the same letter do not differ significantly at the 0.05 level of probability.
2 Advanced Georgia Breeding Line.
Planted: April 16, 1999.
Fertilization: Applied 1 ton/a lime, 500 lb/a 3-9-18, 3.5 lb/a Solubor, and 1500 lb/a gypsum.
Soil Type/Test: Tifton loamy sand; pH = 5.8, P2O5 = 74, K2O = 62, Ca = 317, Mg = 15 lb/a.
Management: Treated with Sonalan+Dual, Temik, Basagran, Lorsban, Folicur (4 sprays), Abound (2 sprays), and Lannate (2 spray).
Digging Date: Aug. 25 Sept. 2 Sept. 20          
Rainfall (in.): 20.28 20.48 23.01          
Irrigation (in.): 7.20 7.20 7.20          
Total (in.): 27.48 27.68 30.21          
Test conducted by W. D. Branch in cooperation with A. E. Coy and J. L. Day.

Status and Revision History
Published on Feb 11, 2011
Reviewed on Feb 1, 2014

Yield and Grade Performance Peanut Variety Trial, 1999, Nonirrigated
Tifton, Georgia
Variety Digging
Date
Yield TSMK
(%)
OK
(%)
DK
(%)
ELK
(%)
Seed
(no./lb)
(lb/A) W-DMRT1
Runner Types
Georgia Green 09/13 3956 a 77.1 1.5 0.8 15.2 756
ViruGard 09/01 3721 abcde 75.2 1.2 0.8 32.6 577
Georgia Bold 09/13 3665 abcde 76.4 1.3 1.1 31.6 677
GA 9425112  09/28 3519 abcdef 74.2 1.5 3.2 48.3 620
C-99R 09/28 3432 bcdefg 75.3 2.1 0.8 32.1 626
Andru 93 09/01 3398 cdefg 73.5 2.8 2.0 16.3 725
GA 9625402  09/28 3310 defg 75.1 2.3 1.1 40.1 725
Florida MDR 98 09/28 3227 efg 73.1 1.6 4.3 35.5 672
Tamrun 96 09/13 2949 gh 74.4 1.5 1.4 26.1 702
SunOleic 97R 09/13 2931 ghi 75.0 2.5 1.9 26.4 696
Southern Runner 09/28 2595 hi 73.9 2.7 0.3 16.7 823
GK-7 High Oleic 09/13 2427 ij 75.0 1.4 2.4 29.6 587
Flavor Runner 458 09/13 1952 j 75.4 3.7 0.5 16.7 752
Average  09/17  3160    74.9   2.0  1.5  28.2  688 
Virginia Types
Georgia Hi-O/L 09/13 3924 ab 70.9 1.9 6.3 44.3 482
NC-V 11 09/01 3858 abc 73.6 0.7 3.0 41.9 490
VA 98R 09/01 3788 abcd 70.2 1.4 3.5 37.7 494
GA 9425162  09/28 3525 abcdef 75.5 0.9 1.7 57.1 519
Gregory 09/13 3514 abcdef 62.2 0.7 11.8 47.3 415
NC 12C 09/01 3304 defg 71.1 0.5 3.5 47.3 462
NC 7 09/01 3145 fg 69.0 0.7 4.6 45.5 450
VA-C 92R 09/13 2931 ghi 70.5 0.6 5.3 43.9 441
Average  09/09  3499    70.4  0.9  5.0  45.6  469 
1 Waller-Duncan Multiple Range Tests: Yields within the same column followed by the same letter do not differ significantly at the 0.05 level of probability.
2 Advanced Georgia Breeding Line.
Planted: April 16, 1999.
Fertilization: Applied 500 lb/a 3-9-18, 3.5 lb/a Solubor, and 1500 lb/a gypsum.
Soil Type/Test: Tifton loamy sand; pH = 6.1, P2O5 = 43, K2O = 48, Ca = 363, Mg = 50 lb/a.
Management: Treated with Sonalan+Dual, Temik, Basagran, Lorsban, Folicur (4 sprays), Abound (2 sprays), and Lannate (2 spray).
Digging Date: Sept. 1 Sept. 13 Sept. 28          
Rainfall (in.): 20.48 22.61 24.36