Planting Guide for Row Crops in Georgia (C 813) University of Georgia Extension This planting guide will help producers establish grasses and legumes commonly grown in Georgia. 2014-12-04 17:06:05.347 2006-06-02 14:29:04.0 Planting Guide for Row Crops in Georgia | Publications | UGA Extension Skip to content

Planting Guide for Row Crops in Georgia (C 813)

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Revised by R. Dewey Lee
Original manuscript by R. Dewey Lee and J. Troy Johnson
Former agronomists for the University of Georgia Crop and Soil Sciences Department

This planting guide will help producers establish grasses and legumes commonly grown in Georgia. Information given for particular species should not be taken as a recommendation to grow that species. Not all of the plant species grown in Georgia are recommended by the University of Georgia. Current production guides may be found at www.caes.uga.edu/commodities/fieldcrops/index.html.

Start with high quality seed. Certified seed is available for most recommended crops. Test your soil to determine nutrient needs. Contact your local county Extension office for information on soil sampling. Fertilize and lime according to soil test results. Plant seed at the proper depth in a good seed bed when soil temperatures and moisture are best for that species. Use the correct seed per acre as indicated. Manage for high yields by maintaining soil fertility and controlling weeds, insects and diseases. Harvest at the appropriate time with properly adjusted equipment. Protect seed quality through proper handling and storage.

Quick Guide

Warm Season

Corn, field

  • Lbs. Seed/Bu.: 56
  • Approx. Seeds/Oz.: 80-140
  • Seeding Rate: *See table below
  • Planting Date 1: LV -- Apr. 1-May 10; P -- Mar. 15-Apr. 20; C -- Mar. 1-Apr. 15
  • Days to Maturity 2: 100-125
  • Certified Seed Quality:
    • Min. Germ: 90%
    • Min. Purity: 99%
    • Max. Weed Seed: None
  • Remarks: Use higher plant populations for irrigated fields. See the current UGA Extension production guide.

Cotton

  • Lbs. Seed/Bu.: 46
  • Approx. Seeds/Oz.: 225-350
  • Seeding Rate: For 36"* row width -- 3-4 seed/row ft. (dryland), 4-6 seed/row ft. (irrigated)
  • Planting Date 1: S -- Apr. 1-May 25
  • Days to Maturity 2: 140-160
  • Certified Seed Quality:
    • Min. Germ: 80%
    • Min. Purity: 98%
    • Max. Weed Seed: 0.02%
  • Remarks: Irrigated fields should be planted after May 1 for best production.

Grain Sorghum

  • Lbs. Seed/Bu.: 56
  • Approx. Seeds/Oz.: 750-1250
  • Seeding Rate: **See table below
  • Planting Date 1: LV -- May 15-July 1; P -- May 1-July 1; C -- Apr.15-Jul. 15
  • Days to Maturity 2: 100-200
  • Certified Seed Quality:
    • Min. Germ: 80%
    • Min. Purity: 98%
    • Max. Weed Seed: 10%
  • Remarks: Plant when soil temperature is above 65°F. Increase seeding rate for irrigated fields.

Peanuts

  • Virginia
    • Lbs. Seed/Bu.: 20-30
    • Approx. Seeds/Oz.: 25-30
    • Seeding Rate: For 36" row width -- 3-4 seed/row ft.
    • Planting Date 1: C -- Apr. 15-May 20
    • Days to Maturity 2: 120-150
    • Certified Seed Quality:
      • Min. Germ: 75%
      • Min. Purity: 95%
      • Max. Weed Seed: None
    • Remarks: Always use certified seed.
  • Runner
    • Lbs. Seed/Bu.: 20-30
    • Approx. Seeds/Oz.: 45-50
    • Seeding Rate: For 36" row width -- 4-6 seed/row ft.
    • Planting Date 1: C -- Apr. 15-May 20
    • Days to Maturity 2: 120-150
    • Certified Seed Quality:
      • Min. Germ: 75%
      • Min. Purity: 95%
      • Max. Weed Seed: None
    • Remarks: Always use certified seed.
  • Spanish
    • Lbs. Seed/Bu.: 20-30
    • Approx. Seeds/Oz.: 55-60
    • Seeding Rate: For 36" row width -- 4-6 seed/row ft.
    • Planting Date 1: C -- Apr. 15-May 20
    • Days to Maturity 2: 120-150
    • Certified Seed Quality:
      • Min. Germ: 75%
      • Min. Purity: 95%
      • Max. Weed Seed: None
    • Remarks: Always use certified seed.

Soybeans

  • Lbs. Seed/Bu.: 60
  • Approx. Seeds/Oz.: 135-250
  • Seeding Rate: For 36" row width -- 10-12 seed/ft. 3; For 30" row width -- 9-11 seed/ft. 3; For 12" row width -- 5-6 seed/ft. 3; For 6" row width -- 3-4 seed/ft. 3
  • Planting Date 1: LV -- May 10-June 15; P -- Apr. 1-June 30; C -- May 1-July 15
  • Days to Maturity 2: Group V – 145; Group VII -- 160
  • Certified Seed Quality:
    • Min. Germ: 80%
    • Min. Purity: 90%
    • Max. Weed Seed: 10/lb.
  • Remarks: Use certified seed for best results. Consult the current UGA Extension production guide.

Sunflowers

  • Confectionary
    • Lbs. Seed/Bu.: 24
    • Approx. Seeds/Oz.: 300-500
    • Seeding Rate: For 36" row width -- 10-12 seed/ft. 4; For 30" row width -- 9-10 seed/ft. 4; For 24" row width -- 8-9 seed/ft. 4
    • Planting Date 1: LV -- Apr. 1-June 15; P -- Apr. 1-May 1; C -- Mar.15-Jul. 15
    • Days to Maturity 2: 90-100
    • Certified Seed Quality:
      • Min. Germ: 85%
      • Min. Purity: 97%
      • Max. Weed Seed: 0.1%
    • Remarks: Very little market in Georgia. Often susceptible to Alternaria leaf blight.
  • Oil
    • Lbs. Seed/Bu.: 32
    • Approx. Seeds/Oz.: 600-900
    • Seeding Rate: For 36" row width -- 10-12 seed/ft. 4; For 30" row width -- 9-10 seed/ft. 4; For 24" row width -- 8-9 seed/ft. 4
    • Planting Date 1: LV -- Apr. 1-June 15; P -- Apr. 1-May 1; C -- Mar.15-Jul. 15
    • Days to Maturity 2: 90-100
    • Certified Seed Quality:
      • Min. Germ: 85%
      • Min. Purity: 97%
      • Max. Weed Seed: 0.1%
    • Remarks: Very little market in Georgia. Often susceptible to Alternaria leaf blight.

Tobacco

  • Beds
    • Approx. Seeds/Oz.: 325,000
    • Seeding Rate: 0.2 oz./100 sq. yds.
    • Planting Date 1: S -- Dec. 20-Jan. 10
    • Days to Maturity 2: Varies
    • Certified Seed Quality:
      • Min. Germ: 80%
      • Min. Purity: 98%
      • Max. Weed Seed: None
    • Remarks: Evenly distribute seed in beds and keep moist during germ the first four weeks.
  • Field
    • Approx. Seeds/Oz.: 325,000
    • Seeding Rate: 7,000 plants/A
    • Planting Date 1: S -- Dec. 20-Jan. 10
    • Days to Maturity 2: Varies
    • Certified Seed Quality:
      • Min. Germ: 80%
      • Min. Purity: 98%
      • Max. Weed Seed: None
    • Remarks: Evenly distribute seed in beds and keep moist during germ the first four weeks.

Cool Season (Grain Only)

Barley

  • Lbs. Seed/Bu.: 48
  • Approx. Seeds/Oz.: 800-900
  • Seeding Rate: 75-100 lbs./A
  • Planting Date 1: LV -- Oct. 10-Nov. 1; P -- Oct. 25-Nov. 15; C -- Nov. 7-Dec. 1
  • Approximate Harvest Dates: Mid May to early June
  • Certified Seed Quality:
    • Min. Germ: 85%
    • Min. Purity: 98%
    • Max. Weed Seed: 10/lb.
  • Remarks: Very sensitive to acidic soils. Control loose smut with proper seed treatment. Use certified seed.

Lupine

  • White
    • Lbs. Seed/Bu.: 55
    • Approx. Seeds/Oz.: 65-100
    • Seeding Rate: 100 lbs./A
    • Planting Date 1: LV -- Sept. 15; P -- Oct. 15; C -- Nov. 1
    • Approximate Harvest Dates: Late May to mid June
    • Certified Seed Quality:
      • Min. Germ: 80%
      • Min. Purity: 98%
      • Max. Weed Seed: 0.3%
    • Remarks: Usually used for hay, grazing or green manure. Use an inoculant.
  • Blue
    • Lbs. Seed/Bu.: 60
    • Approx. Seeds/Oz.: 180-200
    • Seeding Rate: 80-90 lbs./A
    • Planting Date 1: LV -- Sept. 15; P -- Oct. 15; C -- Nov. 1
    • Approximate Harvest Dates: Late May to mid June
    • Certified Seed Quality:
      • Min. Germ: 80%
      • Min. Purity: 98%
      • Max. Weed Seed: 0.3%
    • Remarks: Usually used for hay, grazing or green manure. Use an inoculant.

Oats

  • Lbs. Seed/Bu.: 32
  • Approx. Seeds/Oz.: 1,000-1,425
  • Seeding Rate: 60-75 lbs./A
  • Planting Date 1: LV -- Sept. 25-Oct. 15; P -- Oct. 7-Nov. 1; C -- Nov. 7-Dec. 1
  • Approximate Harvest Dates: Late May to late June
  • Certified Seed Quality:
    • Min. Germ: 85%
    • Min. Purity: 99%
    • Max. Weed Seed: 10/lb.
  • Remarks: Control loose smut with proper seed treatment. Use certified seed.

Winter Rape or Canola

  • Lbs. Seed/Bu.: 50
  • Approx. Seeds/Oz.: 6,500-8,500
  • Seeding Rate: 4-7 lbs./A
  • Planting Date 1: LV -- Oct. 1-15; P -- Oct. 1-Nov. 1; C -- Oct. 15-Nov. 15
  • Approximate Harvest Dates: May to late June
  • Certified Seed Quality:
    • Min. Germ: 85%
    • Min. Purity: 99%
    • Max. Weed Seed: 15/lb.
  • Remarks: Harvest as early as possible to reduce shattering. Watch for aphid infestation and apply control methods to avoid damage.

Rye

  • Lbs. Seed/Bu.: 56
  • Approx. Seeds/Oz.: 1,135
  • Seeding Rate: 60-90 lbs./A
  • Planting Date 1: LV -- Oct. 1 - Oct. 20; P -- Oct. 7-Nov. 15; C -- Nov. 7-Dec. 1
  • Approximate Harvest Dates: Late May to late June
  • Certified Seed Quality:
    • Min. Germ: 80%
    • Min. Purity: 98%
    • Max. Weed Seed: 10/lb.
  • Remarks: Use certified seed.

Triticale

  • Lbs. Seed/Bu.: 48
  • Approx. Seeds/Oz.: 700-950
  • Seeding Rate: 80-90 lbs./A
  • Planting Date 1: C -- Nov. 7-Dec. 15
  • Approximate Harvest Dates: Mid May to early June
  • Certified Seed Quality:
    • Min. Germ: 85%
    • Min. Purity: 98%
    • Max. Weed Seed: 10/lb.
  • Remarks: Varieties differ in feeding efficiency. Contact county agent for info.

Wheat

  • Lbs. Seed/Bu.: 60
  • Approx. Seeds/Oz.: 625-935
  • Seeding Rate: 60-90 lbs./A or 120-150 lbs./A 5. For best results, plant 22-25 seeds per row ft. in 7.5-inch drill widths.
  • Planting Date 1: LV -- Oct. 10-Nov. 1; P -- Oct. 25-Nov. 15; UC -- Nov.7-Dec. 1; LC -- Nov.15-Dec. 1
  • Approximate Harvest Dates: Late May to mid June
  • Certified Seed Quality:
    • Min. Germ: 85%
    • Min. Purity: 98%
    • Max. Weed Seed: 10/lb.
  • Remarks: See the current production guide for more information. Use deep tillage for best yields. Do not plant seed more than 1.5" to 2" deep. Use certified seed.

1 LV = Limestone Valley, P = Piedmont, C = Coastal Plain, UC = Upper Coastal Plain, LC = Lower Coastal Plain, S = Statewide.
2 Due to the growth habit of cool season crops, approximate harvest dates are given rather than days to maturity.
3 Assumes 80% emergence.
4 Assumes 90% emergence.
5 For intensive management.

This is to be used as a guide and does not replace the need to obtain additional information for good management practices. Consult current performance bulletins for variety yield data. Always use certified seed to ensure good germination, trueness to variety and freedom from noxious weeds.

Helpful Tables and Formulas

Corn Planting Rates According to Row Widths
Row spacing (in.)
Final Pop Plants/A
30
36
38
40
Seeds/A planted
— inches between seed —
16000
11.0
9.2
8.7
8.3
18800
18000
9.9
8.2
7.8
7.4
21200
20000
8.9
7.4
6.9
6.6
23500
22000
8.1
6.7
6.3
6.0
25900
24000
7.5
6.1
5.8
5.5
28200
26000
6.8
5.6
5.4
5.1
30600
28000
6.4
5.3
5.0
4.8
33000
30000
6.0
4.9
4.6
4.4
35300
* Corn planting rates assuming 85% emergence.
Grain Sorghum Planting Rates According To Row Widths
Row spacing (in.)
Final Pop Plants/A
7
10
20
24
40
36
Seed/A planted
— inches between seed —
34000
22.4
15.7
7.8
6.5
5.2
4.4
40000
42500
17.9
12.5
6.3
5.2
4.2
3.5
50000
51000
14.9
10.5
5.2
4.4
3.5
2.9
60000
59500
12.8
9.0
4.5
3.7
3.0
2.5
70000
68000
11.2
7.8
3.9
3.3
2.6
2.2
80000
76500
10.0
7.0
3.5
2.9
2.3
1.9
90000
85000
9.0
6.3
3.1
2.6
2.1
1.8
100000
106350
7.2
5.0
2.5
2.1
1.7
1.4
125000
** Grain sorghum planting rate assuming 85% emergence.

The following three formulas can help you determine seeding rates:

  1. seed per row foot = number seed desired per acre x row width (ft) ÷ 43560
  2. seed per acre = (43560 ÷ row width (ft)) x seed per row foot
  3. pounds of seed needed = (seed per acre ÷ seeds per pound) x acres to be planted

Estimating Plant Populations

This table can be used for all crops in determining plant population or seed drop per acre. Simply follow these easy steps.

  1. Determine average row width, in inches (left column).
  2. Either determine average spacing between seeds (or plants) in inches (top line) OR determine average number of seeds (or plants)/50 ft. row length (bottom line).
  3. Read seed drop or plants per acre from table below (intersection of line and column).
  4. Add 000, as all counts are in thousands.
Population Per Acre
Row
Width
(Inches)
Spacing Between Seeds or Plants (Inches)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
9
11
12
15
(In Thousands)
7
896
448
299
224
179
150
128
100
81
69
60
10
627
314
209
157
125
105
90
70
57
48
42
15
418
209
139
105
84
70
60
46
38
32
28
20
314
157
105
79
63
53
45
35
29
24
21
28
224
112
75
56
45
38
32
25
20
17
15
30
209
105
70
53
42
35
30
23
19
16
14
36
174
87
58
44
35
29
25
19
16
14
12
38
165
83
55
42
33
28
24
18
15
13
11
40
157
78
52
39
31
26
22
17
14
12
10
Average Number of Plants or Seeds per 50 ft.
600
300
200
150
120
100
86
67
55
46
40

Count the number of plants in a length of row equal to 1/1000 of an acre. Make several counts in several areas of the field and figure the average of these samples. Multiply the average number by 1000.

Row width
7”
15”
24”
30”
32”
36”
38”
40”
Row length equal to 1/1000 AC
74’8”
34’10”
21’10”
17’5”
16’4”
14’6”
13’9”
13’1”

Status and Revision History
In review for major revisions as of Mar 27, 2009
Published with minor revisions on Nov 30, 2011
Reviewed on Nov 30, 2014