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Cotton

Overview

Georgia was the first colony to produce cotton commercially, first planting it near Savannah in 1734.

In 1793 school teacher Eli Whitney invented and patented the cotton gin. The first major textile mill was built in 1811 near Washington, GA. Cotton was an ingredient in the first light bulb, the telegraph, the Wright brothers' plane and the first automobile tires.

Georgia ranks third nationally in cotton production and acres planted. The 2009 crop covered 1 million acres and yielded 1.82 million bales. The 1995 Georgia crop, at 1.97 million bales, was the largest since 1918.

Cotton-related professions provide 53,000 jobs in the state of Georgia. Cotton's overall impact exceeds $3 billion.

Publications

Commercial and Professional Publications

General Publications

To see other publications, go to the CAES Publications site or the FACS Publications listing.

News

For the latest news about Extension, visit Georgia FACES. News you can use about Georgia family, agricultural, consumer and enviromental sciences.

Websites

UGA-affiliated sites

  • Cotton
    Information about Georgia cotton including newsletters, breaking news, and relevant links.
  • Cotton in Georgia
    A wiki site covering various aspects of cotton in Georgia, including pest updates, insects, diseases, weeds, summaries of losses from insect damage, control costs, and related links.
  • Impact Statements: Cotton
    Descriptions of Extension efforts to improve knowledge & practices related to cotton.
  • Profiles of the Georgia Cotton Industry
    Graphics of Georgia cotton including production by county, average cotton yields, acres planted, and gin locations.

External sites

  • Georgia Cotton Commission
    GCC site featuring annual meeting information, guest speaker profiles, state statistics, cotton lint and seed facts, educational resources, and related links.